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Franz Friedrich Böhme (15 April 1885 Austriamarker – 29 May 1947) was a general in the German Army, serving as Commander of the Twentieth Mountain Army and Commander-in-Chief in German-occupied Norway.

Personal life

Böhme's father (Ernst Friedrich) died in 1902 when Franz was 17 years old, and his mother (Maria Ludmilla née Stremayr) died the following year.

In 1929, Böhme married Romana Maria Hüller von Hüllenried, the daughter of Generalmajor Karl Rudolf Hüller von Hüllenried.

First World War

  • 1914: East Galicia (Royal 38th Hungarian Honved Division): Combat at Halicz and Bolszowce; Second Battle of Lemberg; Combat in the Carpathians at Szinna, Uszoker Pass, Turka and Boryslaw. West Galicia: Battle of Limanova.
  • 1915: East Galicia (in the German South Army): Combat in the Carpathians at Beskiden and Zwinin; Battle of Steryj, Battle of Halicz and Battle of Tarnopol; Combat on the Strypa River.
  • 1916: East Galicia (in the German South Army): Combat on the Strypa River at Burkanow; Combat on the Zlota-Lipa at Brzeżany.
  • 1917: Volhynien-Russia (XXIV Corps): Combat southeast of Vladimir Volynsk (Novi Zagorow). Courland (Prussian General Command for Special Employment 51): Combat at Dünaburg and at Jakobstadt. Italy (XXIV Corps and Second Isonzo Army): 10th, 11th and 12th Isonzo Battles; Advance on the Piave.
  • 1918: Italy (First Isonzo Army): Combat on the Piave Rivermarker. France (Austrian 1st Division): Defensive Battle on the eastern Maas before Verdun with the Prussian V Reserve Corps.

Interwar years

Franz Böhme served in the Austrian army during the interwar years. The Berchtesgaden agreement (February 12, 1938) stipulated in paragraph 8 that the Austrian chief of staff, Alfred Jansa, who favoured a military response in case of a German attack, had to be replaced by Franz Böhme.

Second World War

Trial and suicide

After being captured in Norway, he was brought before the Hostages Trial, a division of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, and charged with war crimes committed in Serbiamarker, during his 1941 control of the region. He had upped the ante of retaliatory strikes against Serbs, killing a hundred Serbs for every German killed, and fifty for every German wounded. On 29 May 1947 he committed suicide by jumping from the 4th story of the prison he was being held in. His body was interred at St. Leonhard-Friedhof in Grazmarker.


  • Walther-Peer Fellgiebel (2000), Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5

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