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Frederick Phillips Brooks, Jr. (born April 19, 1931) is a software engineer and computer scientist, best-known for managing the development of OS/360, then later writing candidly about the process in his seminal book The Mythical Man-Month. "It is a very humbling experience to make a multi-million-dollar mistake, but it is also very memorable." Brooks received a Turing Award in 1999 and many other awards.

Life and career

Born in Durham, North Carolinamarker, he attended Duke Universitymarker, graduating in 1953, and he received a Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics (Computer Science) from Harvard Universitymarker in 1956. Howard Aiken was his advisor.

Brooks joined IBM in 1956, working in Endicottmarker and Yorktown, New Yorkmarker. He worked on the architecture of the Stretch (a $10m scientific supercomputer for the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory) and Harvest computers and then was manager for the development of the System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software they ran.

It was in The Mythical Man-Month that Brooks made the now-famous statement: "Adding manpower to a late software project makes it later." This has since come to be known as "Brooks's law." In addition to The Mythical Man-Month, Brooks is also known for the paper No Silver Bullet: Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering.

In 1964, Brooks left IBM to found the Department of Computer Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker and chaired it for 20 years. he is still engaged in active research there, primarily in virtual world and molecular graphics.

In the mid 1980s, Brooks gave a talk at De Anza College, near the headquarters of Apple Computermarker. Apple executive Jean-Louis Gassée had ordered a copy of The Mythical Man-Month for every Apple engineer, technical writer, and other product-development employee. The lecture hall was filled with Apple employees, most holding well-thumbed copies of the book. After the lecture, Brooks had a number of interesting conversations with Apple employees, many of whom had learned the book's lessons the hard way.

In January 2005 he gave the IEE/BCS annual Turing Lecture in Londonmarker on the subject of "Collaboration and Telecollaboration in Design". In 1994 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery.

A "20th anniversary" edition of The Mythical Man-Month with four additional chapters was published in 1995.

He is also an evangelical Christian who is active with InterVarsity Christian Fellowship and the International Fellowship of Evangelical Students.

Bibliography

  • (Reprinted with corrections, January 1982)
  • (A republication of The Mythical Man-Month with four extra chapters.)
  • (Reprinted in the 1995 edition of The Mythical Man-Month)


Service and Memberships

He has served on a number of U.S. national boards and committees.

  • National Science Board (1987–92)
  • Defense Science Board (1983–86)
  • Chairman, Military Software Task Force (1985–87)
  • Member, Computers in Simulation and Training Task Force (1986–87)
  • Member, Artificial Intelligence Task Force (1983–84)


Awards

In chronological order:

  • National Medal of Technology (1985)
  • A.M. Turing Award, Association for Computing Machinery (1999)
  • Bower Award and Prize in Science, Franklin Institute (1995)
  • Eckert-Mauchly Award, Association for Computing Machinery and The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers–Computer Society (2004)
  • Allen Newell Award, Association for Computing Machinery (1994)
  • John von Neumann Medal, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (1993)
  • Harry Goode Memorial Award, American Federation of Information Processing Societies (1989)
  • McDowell Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Computer Art, IEEE Computer Group (1970)
  • Distinguished Service Award, Association for Computing Machinery (1987)
  • Honorary Doctor of Technical Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich (1991)
  • Distinguished Fellow, British Computer Society (1994)
  • Foreign Member, Royal Academy of Engineering, U.K. (1994)
  • Foreign Member, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991)
  • Member, National Academy of Science (2001)
  • Member, National Academy of Engineering (1976)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1976)
  • Guggenheim Fellowship for studies on computer architecture and human factors of computer systems, Cambridge University, England (1975)
  • Computer Pioneer Award, IEEE Computer Society (1982)
  • Fellow (initial inductee), Association for Computer Machinery (1994)
  • Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (1968)
  • Fellow Award, The Computer Museum History Center (2001)
  • Thomas Jefferson Award, UNC-Chapel Hill (1986)
  • Order of the Golden Fleece, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Computer Sciences Distinguished Information Services Award, Information Technology Professionals (1970)
  • National Science Board (1987-1992)
  • Defense Science Board (1983-86)
  • Chairman, Military Software Task Force (1985-87)
  • Member, Computers in Simulation and Training Task Force (1986-87)
  • Member, Artificial Intelligence Task Force (1983-84)
  • CyberEdge Journal Annual Sutherland Award (April, 1997)


See also



References

External links




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