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Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg (17 October 1819 – 30 May 1904) was a German sovereign who ruled over the state of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1860 until his death.


He was born in Neustrelitzmarker the son of Grand Duke Georg of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Princess Marie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) (1796-1880). He spent his youth in Neustrelitz and later went to study history in Bonnmarker. After finishing his studies, he went travelling visiting Italymarker and Switzerlandmarker.

Friedrich Wilhelm succeeded as Grand Duke on the death of his father on 6 September 1860. During his reign, Mecklenburg-Strelitz became members of firstly the North German Confederationmarker and then the German Empiremarker. Friedrich Wilhelm was a large land owner with more than half of the whole Grand Duchy his personal property.

On 12 August 1862 Friedrich Wilhelm was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

He died at Neustrelitz on the 30 May 1904 and was succeeded by his only son who became Adolf Friedrich V.

Marriage and children

Friedrich Wilhelm was married on 28 June 1843 at Buckingham Palacemarker to his first cousin, Princess Augusta of Cambridge, a member of the British Royal Family, and a granddaughter of King George III. (The two were also second cousins on their fathers' side.) They had three sons.

Friedrich Wilhelm and his wife Augusta celebrated their diamond wedding anniversary by distributing 25 Pfennig to every citizen of the Grand Duchy from the public treasury.

Titles and styles

  • 17 October 1819 6 September 1860: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • 6 September 1860 30 May 1904: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg



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