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Frederick William Beechey

Frederick William Beechey (17 February 179629 November 1856) was an Englishmarker naval officer and geographer. He was the son of Sir William Beechey, RA., and was born in Londonmarker.


In 1806 he entered the Royal Navy, and saw active service during the wars with Francemarker and Americamarker.

In 1818 he served under Lieutenant (afterwards Sir) John Franklin in David Buchan's Arctic expedition, of which at a later period he published a narrative. In the following year he accompanied Lieutenant W. E. Parry in HMS Hecla. In 1821 he took part in the survey of the Mediterraneanmarker coast of Africa under the direction of Captain, afterwards Admiral, William Henry Smyth. He and his brother Henry William Beechey, made an overland survey of this coast and published a full account of their work in 1828 under the title of Proceedings of the Expedition to Explore the Northern Coast of Africa from Tripoly Eastward in 1821-1822.

In 1825, Beechey was appointed to command the HMS Blossom. His task was to explore the Bering Straitmarker in concert with Franklin and Parry operating from the east. He passed the strait and penetrated as far as 71°23'31" N., and 156°21'30" W., reaching a point only 146 m. west of that reached by Franklin's expedition from the Mackenzie rivermarker. The whole voyage lasted more than three years and in the course of it Beechey discovered several islands in the Pacificmarker, and an excellent harbour near Cape Prince of Wales.

In July 1826, he named the three islands in the Bering Strait. Two were the Diomede Islandsmarker that Vitus Bering had named in 1728: "Ratmanoff Island" (Big Diomede) and "Krusenstern Island" (Little Diomede). Beechey called the uninhabited third islet "Fairway Rockmarker", which is still its contemporary name.

In 1831 there appeared his Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific and Berings Strait to Co-operate with the Polar Expeditions, 1825-1828. In 1835, and the following year Captain Beechey was employed on the coast survey of South America, and from 1837 to 1847, carried on the same work along the Irishmarker coasts. He was appointed in 1850 to preside over the Marine Department of the Board of Trade. In 1854, he was made rear-admiral, and in the following year was elected president of the Royal Geographical Societymarker.


His daughter was the Canadian painter Frances Anne Hopkins.

Three of his brothers were painters: the admiral and painter Richard Brydges Beechey, the portraitist Henry William Beechey, and the portraitist George Duncan Beechey.



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