Frederiksberg Park (Danish: Frederiksberg Have)) is one of the
largest and most attractive greenspaces in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Together with the adjacent Søndermarken Park it forms a green area
of 64 hectares
at the western edge of Inner
Copenhagen. It is a romantic landscape
designed in English
Frederiksberg Park was laid out when Frederik IV provided for the
construction of Frederiksberg Palace as the palace garden of his new summer
It was first designed as a baroque
garden but as fashion changed
it was redesigned into an English
around 1800. The Palace garden was
particularly used by Frederik
who spend much time in the grounds and sailing the canals in
. Though a palace park, the general
public had access to the grounds but sailors
dogs and people in poor clothing or carrying large bundles were
turned away by the guard at the parks sole entrance. Not until 1865 became
access to the park unrestricted, in line with what was the case
elsewhere in the city such as at Langelinie.
Frederiksberg Park today
Frederiksberg Park is an English-style Romantic landscape garden
with winding paths, canals, lakes small islands and magnificent
Buildings & features
Typically of the romantic landscape garden, the park houses two
. The Chinese Folly was built in 1799
on one of the islands.
The Tample of Apis, named after the Egyptian bull-deity Apis
and designed by the painter
, was built in
1802. It is built in the style of a Roman
temple. The columns at the facade are
recycled from a rebuilding of Moltke's Palace
Decorations include the Ox Cranium Frieze and the Bull Relief, both
carved in sandstone.
Another garden feature
typical of the
romantic garden is an artificial waterfall. The waterfall is 7
metres heigh and partly created out of marble
blocks from the building site of the Marble Church.
The waterfall was left as a ruin for many
years but was reconstructed in 2004.
When Norman Foster
collaboration with the Danish landscape architect Stig L. Anderson
designed the new Elephant House for
the adjacent Copenhagen
Zoo, it was done as anextension of Frederiksberg
A three-metre high wall that once separated the two
has been replaced by a simple fence, so that visitors in the the
public park can now watch the elephants
the same time it means the elephants have distant views as well.
The enclosure steps up slowly away from the park, rising to the
height of the domes
. From a distance, these
appear to be buried in the ground, surrounded by ferns
Events & activities
Every year on Midsummer Eve
, the park
is a rallying point for thousands of people who attend community
singing, speeches, music and a "witch"-burning bonfire at the
lakeside in front of the palace.
to the park is Søndermarken, which was designed and landscaped at the same
Søndermarken Common and Frederiksberg Park are now
separated by a road, Roskildevej, but together they form one of the
largest park areas in any city of Northern Europe. The underground museum
of modern glass art Cisternerne is located inside Søndermarken close to entrance of
Copenhagen Zoo and Frederiksberg Palace in some abandoned cisterns.