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The Free State of Brunswick ( ) was a republic formed after the abolition of the Duchy of Brunswick at the end of World War I. It was a member state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republicmarker.

In 1946, the Free State of Brunswick was broken up by the Allied administration of Germany. The majority of Brunswick became part of the newly founded state (Land) of Lower Saxonymarker under British administration while some small parts (mainly around Blankenburg am Harz) became part of Soviet-administered Saxony-Anhaltmarker.

Leaders of Brunswick

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissioners of the Republic of Brunswick, 1918–1919

  1. 1918–1919: Sepp Oerter (USPD)
  2. 1919–1920: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)

Ministers-president of the Republic of Brunswick, 1919–1946

  1. 1919–1920: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)
  2. 1920–1921: Sepp Oerter (USPD)
  3. 1921–1922: August Junke (SPD)
  4. 1922: Otto Antrick (SPD)
  5. 1922: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)
  6. 1924–1927: Gerhard Marquordt (DVP)
  7. 1927–1930: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)
  8. 1930–1933: Werner Küchenthal (DNVP)
  9. 1933–1945: Dietrich Klagges (NSDAP)
  10. 1945–1946: Hubert Schlebusch (SPD)
  11. 1946: Alfred Kubel (SPD)


Reichsstatthalter for Anhaltmarker and Brunswick (headquarters in Dessaumarker)
  1. 1933-1935: Wilhelm Loeper
  2. 1935-1937: Fritz Sauckel
  3. 1937-1945: Rudolf Jordan

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