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French-based creole languages: Map


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A French creole, or French-based creole language, is a creole language based on the French language, more specifically on a 17th century koiné French extent in Parismarker, the French Atlantic harbors, and the nascent French colonies. French-based creole languages are spoken by millions of people worldwide, primarily in the Americas and in the Indian Oceanmarker.

Descendants of the non-creole colonial koiné are still spoken in Canadamarker (mostly in Québecmarker), the Prairies, Louisianamarker, Saint-Barthélemymarker (leeward portion of the island) and as isolates in other parts of the Americas.


In the Americas

In the Indian Ocean

In the Pacific

In Africa


  1. Robert Fournier & Henri Wittmann (ed.), 1995. Le français des Amériques. Presses universitaires de Trois-Rivières. (ISBN 2-9802307-2-3)
  2. from the Karipúna substrat (Henri Wittmann. 1995, "Grammaire comparée des variétés coloniales du français populaire de Paris du 17e siècle et origines du français québécois", in Fournier, Robert & Wittmann, Henri, Le français des Amériques, Trois-Rivières: Presses universitaires de Trois-Rivières, pp. 281-334.[1]

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