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French-based creole languages: Map

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A French creole, or French-based creole language, is a creole language based on the French language, more specifically on a 17th century koiné French extent in Parismarker, the French Atlantic harbors, and the nascent French colonies. French-based creole languages are spoken by millions of people worldwide, primarily in the Americas and in the Indian Oceanmarker.

Descendants of the non-creole colonial koiné are still spoken in Canadamarker (mostly in Québecmarker), the Prairies, Louisianamarker, Saint-Barthélemymarker (leeward portion of the island) and as isolates in other parts of the Americas.

Classification

In the Americas

In the Indian Ocean

In the Pacific

In Africa

Notes

  1. Robert Fournier & Henri Wittmann (ed.), 1995. Le français des Amériques. Presses universitaires de Trois-Rivières. (ISBN 2-9802307-2-3)
  2. from the Karipúna substrat (Henri Wittmann. 1995, "Grammaire comparée des variétés coloniales du français populaire de Paris du 17e siècle et origines du français québécois", in Fournier, Robert & Wittmann, Henri, Le français des Amériques, Trois-Rivières: Presses universitaires de Trois-Rivières, pp. 281-334.[1]



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