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French Canada is a term to distinguish the French Canadian population of Canadamarker from English Canada.

Definition

Because it has represented different realities at different points in time, the term French Canada can be interpreted in differen chronologically they are:

Canada, New France

Canada, New France, was the historic homeland of the French Canadian people, the St. Lawrence Rivermarker valley, in the time of New France. It corresponds to the southern part of modern Quebecmarker excluding the Eastern Townships. Later, it was renamed the Province of Quebec (1763), Lower Canada (1791), Canada East (1840), and finally the Province of Quebecmarker (1867) again.

Canadian settlements

All the communities where French Canadians have settled in North America may be interpreted as French Canada. In this interpretation; Ottawa, Ontariomarker; Falher, Albertamarker; Bonnyville, Albertamarker; Gravelbourg, Saskatchewanmarker; St. Boniface, Manitobamarker; Hawkesbury, Ontariomarker; Montreal, Quebecmarker; Manchester, New Hampshiremarker; Burlington, Vermontmarker are part of French Canada, while Pontiacmarker, Stansteadmarker, and most First Nations in Quebec are not. French Canadian communities in the United Statesmarker were called "Little Canadas".

Francophones

Francophone Canadians represent those areas with large concentrations of French-speaking residents. In this sense, Quebec, parts of New Brunswickmarker, Eastern Ontario, Northern Ontario, southern Manitobamarker, and smaller communities elsewhere fall under this category.

This can also represent the collection of all francophones in Canada, whether or not they live in communities with significant francophone populations. "Francophone" here may mean those who speak French natively, or it may alternatively include those allophones in Canada who, in various ways, are associated with French Canadian society more closely than with English Canadian society.

These Canadian francophones refer to themselves as Québécois in Quebec, Acadiens in Atlantic Canadamarker, Fransaskois in Saskatchewanmarker, Franco-Manitobains in Manitobamarker, Franco-Ontarien in Ontariomarker, Franco-Albertain in Albertamarker, Franco-Colombiens in British Columbiamarker, Franco-Terreneuvien in Newfoundland and Labradormarker, Franco-Yukonais in the Yukonmarker and Franco-Ténois in the Northwest Territoriesmarker and Nunavutmarker. With the exception of the Acadians who have a different history altogether, most French Canadians trace their origins to Quebec, although there are numerous more recent immigrants from various francophone colonies around the world (e.g. Haitians).

Notes




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