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Friedrich Fromm (October 8 1888March 12 1945) was a Germanmarker army officer.

Early life

Fromm was born in Charlottenburgmarker. He served as a lieutenant during World War I.

20 July Plot

In World War II Fromm was Commander in Chief of the Reserve Army (Ersatzheer), in charge of training and personnel replacement for the German Army, a position he occupied for most of the war. Though he was aware that some of his subordinates - most notably, Claus von Stauffenberg, his Chief of Staff - were planning an assassination attempt, he remained quiet. When the assassination attempt failed, Fromm reacted by ordering the execution of those conspirators he knew.

Death

Unfortunately for Fromm, this reaction helped to expose his own lack of action and alleged failure to report the plot. He was arrested by Joseph Goebbels when Fromm went to him to take credit for crushing the plot. Fromm was later convicted and sentenced to death by the German "People's Court" (Volksgerichtshof). Despite his limited knowledge of the conspiracy, his formal sentence condemned him for poor performance of his duties. He was executed in Brandenburg an der Havelmarker. Hitler personally commuted his death sentence from hanging to "more honourable" firing squad.

Awards



Film Portrayals



References

  • Walther-Peer Fellgiebel (2000), Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5
  • Bernhard R. Kroener, “Der starke Mann im Heimatkriegsgebiet”. Generaloberst Friedrich Fromm. Eine Biographie (Paderborn: Schoeningh, 2005)



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