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Friedrich "Fritz" Hartjenstein (July 3, 1905 - October 20, 1954) was an SSmarker-Obersturmbannf├╝hrer (lieutenant colonel).

Born in Peinemarker, he began concentration camp service at Sachsenhausenmarker in 1938. The following year, he was transferred to Niedernhagen. In 1941, he was assigned to the 3rd SS Division Totenkopf, where he served for a year.

In 1942, he was appointed the commandant of Birkenau, the death camp in Auschwitzmarker. He was responsible for hundreds of thousands of gassings. In 1944, he was transferred to Natzweiler concentration campmarker and appointed commandant. He was subsequently transferred to Flossenb├╝rg concentration campmarker, serving as commandant.

Hartjenstein's postwar fate consisted of many trials. First, he was arrested by the Britishmarker and sentenced to life imprisonment on June 1, 1946, at Wuppertalmarker for executing four French Resistance members. Then he was again tried by the British for hanging a POW who was a member of the Royal Air Force and sentenced to death by firing squad on June 5 of that year. He was then extradited to Francemarker where he was tried for his crimes at Natzweiler and sentenced to death. He died of a heart attack while awaiting execution on October 20, 1954.

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