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Fukushima Prefecture: Map

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Map of Fukushima Prefecture.


 is a prefecture of Japanmarker located in the Tōhoku regionmarker on the island of Honshūmarker. The capital is the city of Fukushima.


History

In the 4th century, Fukushima was incorporated into the Yamato Province, Japan's first unified nation.

The Shirakawa Barrier and the Nakoso Barrier were built around the 5th century to protect 'civilized Japan' from the 'barbarians' to the north. Fukushima became a Province of Mutsu after the Taika Reforms were established in 646.

The province of Fukushima was conquered by Prince Subaru in 1293. This region of Japan is also known as Michinoku and Ōshū.

The Fukushima Incident took place in the prefecture after Mishima Michitsune was appointed governor in 1882.

Geography

Fukushima is the southernmost prefecture of Tōhoku region, and the closest to Tokyomarker. It is divided by mountain ranges into three regions called (from west to east) Aizu, Nakadōri, and Hamadōri.

The coastal Hamadōri region lies on the Pacific Oceanmarker and is the flattest and most temperate region, while the Nakadōri region is the agricultural heart of the prefecture and contains the capital, Fukushima City. The mountainous Aizu region has scenic lakes, lush forests, and snowy winters.

Cities

Thirteen cities are located in Fukushima Prefecture:





Towns and villages

Towns and villages in each district:

Ōtamamarker
Kawamatamarker
Kōrimarker
Kunimimarker
Futabamarker
Hironomarker
Katsuraomarker
Kawauchimarker
Namiemarker
Narahamarker
Ōkumamarker
Tomiokamarker
Hanawamarker
Samegawamarker
Tanaguramarker
Yamatsurimarker


Asakawamarker
Furudonomarker
Hiratamarker
Ishikawamarker
Tamakawa
Kagamiishimarker
Teneimarker
Aizubangemarker
Yanaizumarker
Yugawa
Hinoematamarker
Minamiaizumarker
Shimogōmarker
Tadamimarker
Izumizakimarker
Nakajimamarker
Nishigōmarker
Yabukimarker


Aizumisatomarker
Kaneyamamarker
Mishimamarker
Shōwamarker
Iitatemarker
Shinchimarker
Miharumarker
Onomarker
Bandaimarker
Inawashiromarker
Kitashiobaramarker
Nishiaizumarker


Mergers

Future mergers

  • The towns of Kawamatamarker and Iinomarker from the Date District are scheduled to be annexed by the city of Fukushima on July 1, 2008. However, the assembly of Kawamata voted to object to the merger on September 15, 2006, which may lead to the cancellation of this merger.


Economy

The coastal region traditionally specializes in fishing and seafood industries, and is notable for its electric and particularly nuclear power-generating industry, while the upland regions are more focused on agriculture.

The capital region has a strong industry in software and electronics.

Demographics

Culture

Legend has it that an ogress, Adachigahara, once roamed the plain after whom it was named. The Adachigahara plain lies close to the city of Fukushima.

Tourism



Aizuwakamatsu was the site of an important battle in the Boshin war, during which 19 teenage members of the Byakkotai committed ritual seppuku suicide. Their graves on Mt. Iimori are a popular tourist attraction.

Mount Bandaimarker, in the Bandai-Asahi National Parkmarker, erupted in 1888, creating a large crater and numerous lakes, including the picturesque 'Five Coloured Lakes' (Goshiki-numa). The area is popular with hikers and skiers.

Famous people



Kitakata is well known for its distinctive Kitakata ramen (Chinese noodles) and well-preserved traditional storehouse buildings, while Ouchijukumarker in the town of Shimogo retains numerous thatched buildings from the Edo Period.

References



  1. Takeda T., page 10.
  2. Hideyo Noguchi Africa Prize


External links




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