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The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of grants for international educational exchange for scholars, educators, graduate students and professionals, founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright.

The Fulbright Program is one of the most prestigious awards programs worldwide, operating in 144 countries and with 51 commissions. More Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes than those of any other academic program, including two in 2002 (for a total of 48).

History

Created in the aftermath of the Second World War through the efforts of Senator Fulbright, The Fulbright Program promotes peace and understanding through educational exchange. The senator believed that this would be an essential vehicle for mutual understanding between individuals, institutions and future leaders. There are over 300,000 alumni of the program, split approximately equally between science & technology and arts & humanities. About 7,000 new grants are awarded each year.

The Fulbright Program in the Philippines is the oldest continuously operating Fulbright program in the world. The Philippine-American Educational Foundation (PAEF) was established on March 23, 1948. In spite of the increasing cost of higher education in the U.S. and limited funding allocation, PAEF strives to place/send qualified Filipino Fulbrighters to competitive American universities, including Ivy League schools.

The US-UK Fulbright Commission was created by treaty on 22 September 1948, and since its inception has expanded its program to include grants for study in a wide variety of fields: MBA awards, filmmaking, sports science, performing arts, science, politics, history, literature and dance to name a few. Since 1949, approximately 12,000 UK Nationals have studied in the U.S. and 9,600 U.S. Nationals in the UK through the Fulbright Program.

The program

The programs were established to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United Statesmarker and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills.

The Fulbright Program provides funds for students, scholars, and professionals to undertake graduate study, advanced research, university teaching, and teaching in elementary and secondary schools abroad. The initial reach of this program had been primarily European countries, but now the program operates worldwide.

Administration and funding

The program is administered by 50 binational Fulbright commissions, U.S. embassies, and cooperating organizations.

A Fulbright Commission is a foundation established abroad to co-sponsor and administer Fulbright grants locally. Unlike countries where Fulbright grants are paid by the U.S. Department of State, Commissions pay some or all of the scholarships.

Grants for recent B.A. graduates, graduate students and younger professionals are administered by the Institute of International Education. These grants are available for U.S. citizens with a bachelor's degree to study in other countries, and for citizens of other countries to do graduate study in the U.S. Grants for faculty and professionals, as well as grants for U.S. institutions wishing to host scholars from other countries, are administered by the Council for International Exchange of Scholars. Grants for K-12 teachers and administrators are also available. Fulbright-Hays grants, including grants for doctoral and postdoctoral research, summer seminars abroad, and group projects abroad, are sponsored by the United States Department of Education.

The Program is funded by Congressional appropriations and funding provided by partner governments. The program also receives important in-kind and financial support from academic institutions, foundations, and the private sector. Fulbright grants for students, teachers, college faculty and professionals are sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the private sector. Fulbright-Hays grants for graduate students, teachers, and faculty are sponsored by the United States Department of Education.

Fulbright Prize

The J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding established in 1993 is awarded by the Fulbright Association to recognize individuals who have made extraordinary contributions toward bringing peoples, cultures, or nations to greater understanding of others.Fulbright Prize laureates include:

Fulbright alumni

Fulbright alumni associations exist in 71 countries around the world. In the U.S., the Fulbright Association counts over 9,000 members. The Fulbright Academy of Science & Technology focuses on professional advancement and collaboration needs among the 100,000+ Fulbright alumni in science, technology and related fields.

Notable alumni

The following are particularly notable, listed in alphabetical order:



See also



References

  1. Fulbright Alumni Organizations Worldwide
  2. Fulbright Association
  3. Fulbright Academy


External links




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