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Fulham ( ) is an area of west London in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulhammarker, (the successor to the Metropolitan Borough of Fulhammarker) located south west of Charing Crossmarker. It is situated in between Putneymarker and Chelseamarker. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Fulham was formerly the seat of the diocese of "Fulham and Gibraltarmarker", and Fulham Palacemarker the former official home of the Bishop of London, (now a museum), the grounds of which are now divided between public allotment and an elegant botanical garden.

Having been through many transformations in its history, today it is a green London area within close reach of Chelseamarker and Kensingtonmarker and this is reflected in the local house prices. It was included within Savills' 2007 list of "prime" London areas.

Two Premiership football clubs, Fulham and Chelsea, are situated in Fulham. The former Lillie Bridge Groundsmarker (which hosted the second FA Cup Final and the first ever amateur boxing matches) was also in Fulham.

History

Fulham, or in its earliest form "Fullanham", is uncertainly stated to signify "the place" either "of fowls" or "of mud" (which probably had a lot to do with the fact that the River Thames would flood it periodically), or alternatively, "land in the crook of a river bend belonging to a man named Fulla". The manor is said to have been given to Bishop Erkenwald about the year 691 for himself and his successors in the see of London, and Holinshed relates that the Bishop of London was lodging in his manor place in 1141 when Geoffrey de Mandeville, riding out from the Tower of Londonmarker, took him prisoner. At the Commonwealth the manor was temporarily out of the bishops' hands, being sold to Colonel Edmund Harvey. There is no record of the first erection of a parish church, but the first known rector was appointed in 1242, and a church probably existed a century before this. The earliest part of the church demolished in 1881, however, did not date farther back than the 15th century. In 879 Danish invaders, sailing up the Thames, wintered at Fulham and Hammersmith. Near the former wooden Putney Bridge, built in 1729 and replaced in 1886, the earl of Essex threw a bridge of boats across the river in 1642 in order to march his army in pursuit of Charles I, who thereupon fell back on Oxfordmarker. Margravine Road recalls the existence of Bradenburg House, a riverside mansion built by Sir Nicholas Crispe in the time of Charles I, used as the headquarters of General Fairfax in 1647 during the civil wars, and occupied in 1792 by the margrave of Brandenburg-Anspach and Bayreuth and his wife, and in 1820 by Caroline, consort of George IV.


Fulham during the 18th century had a reputation of debauchery, becoming a sort of "Las Vegasmarker retreat" for the wealthy of Londonmarker, where there was much gambling and prostitution.

Fulham remained a working class area for the first half of the twentieth century, but was subject to extensive restoration between the Second World War and the 1980s. Today, Fulham is one of the most expensive parts of London, and hence the United Kingdom; average actual sale price of all property (both houses and flats) sold in the SW6 area in September 2007 was £639,973.

Politics

Fulham is currently a part of the Hammersmith and Fulham parliamentary seat, currently taken up by Conservative Greg Hands. However, from 2009 this constituency will be dissolved and the area will become a part of the new Chelsea and Fulhammarker constituency.

Fulham has in the past been a politically significant part of the country, having been the scene of two major parliamentary by-elections in the 20th century. In 1933, the Fulham East by-election became known as the "peace by-election".

In 1986, Fulham experienced another by-election following the death of Conservative MP Martin Stevens. Labour's Nick Raynsford gained the constituency on a 10% swing — one of the first elections that heralded the slick, modern campaigning New Labour techniques that would become renowned. Posters announcing that "Nick Raynsford lives here" adorned thousands of windows in the constituency — a reference to the fact that Labour's candidate was a long-time local, while the Tory was resident outside of the constituency.


Fulham voters have, however, been leaning towards the Conservatives since the 1960s as the area underwent huge demographic change: the tightly-packed terraces which had housed working-class families employed in the heavy industry that dominated Fulham's riverside being rapidly replaced with young professionals who had a very different political outlook. Still, many working-class people have chosen to remain in the town.

In 1971, Fulham elected 28 Labour and two Conservative councillors; in 2002 the figures were 16 Conservative and 10 Labour. For the Hammersmith & Fulham borough as a whole, in 1971 two Conservative and 58 Labour councillors were elected. In 2006, the voters returned 33 Conservative and 13 Labour councillors. In the 2005 General Election, Conservative Greg Hands won the Parliamentary seat from Labour, polling 45.4% against Labour's 35.2%, a 7.3% swing.

Culture and entertainment

There is a cinema complex as part of the Fulham Broadway Centre. Notable restaurant The River Cafémarker is in Fulham, alongside the headquarters of architect Richard Rogers and the London Oratory Schoolmarker. Fulham Town Hall built in 1888 in the classical renaissance is now used as a popular venue for concerts and dances, especially its Grand Hall.

The area is home to the Fulham Football Club stadium Craven Cottagemarker and the Chelsea Football Club stadium Stamford Bridgemarker and the various apartments and entertainment centres built into it. This includes Marco's, a restaurant owned and operated by chef Marco Pierre White.

Famously exclusive sports club, the Hurlingham Clubmarker, is also located within Fulham. With members having included British monarchs, the waiting list for membership currently averages over fifteen years.

The area, like other comparable areas of London, is home to a number of pubs. The White Horsemarker in Parsons Green is colloquially known by many as "The Sloaney Poney", a reference to the "Sloane Rangers" who frequent it. Other traditional Fulham pubs include the Pear Tree in Margravine Road, the Wilton in Dawes Road, the Eight Bells in Fulham High Street, the Seven Stars and The Elm in North End Road. Other popular pubs include The Crabtree on Rainville Road, The Cottage on Colehill Lane, The Durrell in Fulham Roadmarker and The Mitre on Bishops Road.

Fulham has many parks and open spaces of which Bishops Park, Fulham Palacemarker Gardens, Hurlingham Parkmarker, South Park, Eel Brook Common and Parsons Green are the largest.

Fulham has appeared in numerous films including The Omen and The L-Shaped Room. Fulham Broadway tube stationmarker was used in Sliding Doors.

Notable residents

All Saints Church, Fulham


Transport

Fulham nestles in a loop of the Thames across the river from Barnesmarker and Putneymarker. It is on the Wimbledonmarker branch of the District Line of the tube — Fulham's tube stations are Putney Bridgemarker, Parsons Greenmarker and Fulham Broadwaymarker.

Nearest places



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