is a major
based on G-flat, consisting of the pitches G
, and F
. Its key
has six flats (see below: Scales and keys
Its relative minor
is E-flat minor
, and its parallel minor
, usually replaced by F-sharp minor
, since G-flat minor, which would
have seven flats and two double-flats, is not normally used.
equivalent is F-sharp major
, whose key signature
also has six accidentals. In
writing music in E major for B-flat
instruments, it is preferable to use a G-flat rather an F-sharp key
Ascending and descending
Rarely chosen as the main key for orchestral works, G-flat major is
more often used as a main key for piano works, such as the
impromptus of Chopin and Schubert.
A striking use of G-flat major can be found in the love duet "Tu
l'as dit" that concludes the fourth act of Giacomo Meyerbeer
's Les Huguenots
Gustav Mahler was fond of using G-flat
major in key passages of his symphonies; examples include: The
choral entry during the finale of his Second Symphony, during the first
movement of his Third
Symphony, the modulatory section of the Adagietto from his Fifth Symphony, and during the
Rondo-Finale of his Seventh
Mahler's Tenth Symphony
was composed in the
enharmonic key of Fsharp major.
- Mahler, Gustav. Symphonies Nos. 1 and 2 in Full Score,
Dover, ISBN 0-486-25473-9 (1987) p. 354.
- Mahler, Gustav. Symphonies Nos. 3 and 4 in Full Score,
Dover, ISBN 0-486-26166-2 (1989), p. 53.
- Mahler, Gustav. Symphonies Nos. 5 and 6 in Full Score,
Dover, ISBN 0-486-26888-8 (1991), p. 175.
- Mahler, Gustav. Symphony No. 7 in Full Score, Dover,
ISBN 0-486-27339-3 (1992), p. 223.
Scales and keys