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Gadchiroli district ( ) is an administrative district in Maharashtramarker, Indiamarker. The town of Gadchirolimarker is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Gadchiroli District is situated in the southeastern corner of Maharashtra, and is bounded by Chandrapur District to the west, Gondia District to the north, Chhatisgarhmarker state to the east, and Andhra Pradeshmarker state to the south and southwest. Gadchiroli District was created on August 26, 1982 by the separation of Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils from Chandrapur District.

Demography

As per the 2001 Census of India, the population of the district is 970,294 of which 6.93% were urban. Male and female population is 4,91,101 and 4,79,193 respectively. Scheduled caste and scheduled tribe population in the district is 1,08,824 and 3,71,696. The literacy rate of district is 60.1%. The tribal community population that resides in the district is 38.3 %. Seven languages are spoken in the district ie, Gondi, Madiya, Marathi, Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, Chattisgadi.

Geography

The main river basin of the district is the Godavari, which flows west to east and forms the southern boundary of the district. The major tributaries of the Godavari are the Indravatimarker and the Pranhita, which is in turn formed by the confluence of the Waingangamarker and the Wardhamarker near Chaprala village of Chamorshimarker Taluka.

Dhanoramarker, Etapallimarker, Aheri and Sironcha talukas in the eastern part of the district are covered by forest. Hills are found in Bhamragadmarker, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad area.

Economy

The district is categoried as a tribal and undeveloped district and most of the land is covered with forest and hills. Forests cover more than 79.36 % of the geographical area of the district. This district is famous for bamboo and Tendu leaves. Paddy is the main agricultural product of the district. The agriculture products of the district are Jowar, Linseed, Tur, and wheat. The Main profession of the people is farming.

There is no large scale Industry in the district except the paper mill at Ashti in Chamorshimarker Taluka, and the paper pulp factory at Desaiganj. There are many rice mills in the district. The Tussar silk worm centre is in Armorimarker Taluka. Only, 18.5 kilometers of railway lines pass through the district.

The district is well known for Naxalite activities; Naxalites (People's War Group) have taken shelter in the dense forests and hills of this district.

Divisions

The district is divided into three sub-divisions, Gadchiroli, Aherimarker and Desaiganj which are further divided into 12 talukas. Each sub-division has four talukas. Gadchiroli sub-division consists Gadchiroli, Dhanoramarker, Chamorshimarker and Mulchera talukas, Aheri sub-division consists Aheri, Sironchamarker, Etapallimarker and Bhamragadmarker talukas and Desaiganj (Wadsa) sub-division consists Wadsa, Armorimarker, Kurkhedamarker and Korchi talukas. There are 467 Gram Panchayats and 1688 Revenue Villages. The district has 12 Panchayat Samitis. Only two municipalities, Gadchiroli and Wadsa (Desaiganj) exist in the district.

Presently, after the delimitation of the constituencies in 2008, the district has three Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies, Gadchiroli, Armoriand Aheri. All of these are part of the newly carved Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.

Lok Biradari Prakalp

The Lok Biradari Prakalp working amongst the Madia Gond, is located in Hemalkasa village of Bhamragad Taluka of this district.

External links

References

  1. [1]
  2. http://mss.niya.org/projects/hemalkasa.php



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