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Galveston Seawall: Map

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Galveston Seawall during construction
Galveston Seawall paintings


The Galveston Seawall is a seawall in Galveston, Texasmarker, USA that was built after the Galveston Hurricane of 1900marker for protection from future hurricanes. Construction began in September, 1902, and the initial segment was completed on July 29, 1904. From 1904 to 1963, the seawall was extended from to over long. Reporting in the aftermath of the 1983 Hurricane Alicia, the Corps of Engineers estimated that $100 million in damage was avoided because of the seawall. On September 13, 2008 Hurricane Ike's storm surge and large waves over-topped the seawall. As a result, a commission was established by the Texas Governor following the hurricane to investigate preparing for and mitigating future disasters. A proposal has been put forth to build an "Ike Dike," a massive levee system which would protect the Galveston Baymarker, and the important industrial facilities which line the coast and the ship channelmarker, from a future, potentially more destructive storm. The proposal has gained widespread support from a variety of business interests. it is currently only at the conceptual stage.

Texas F.M. 3005, otherwise known as Seawall Boulevard along the wall, runs along the seawall.

The seawall is presently long. It is approximately high, and thick at its base. The seawall was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 and designated a National Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) in 2001.

Many miles of the seawall are painted with murals called "wall art". These huge murals are painted by children and depict underwater life. The art is meant to make the seawall more interesting to visitors.

Further reading

  • Diagrams of the movable concrete mixer plant used for construction of the seawall
  • Diagram and description of the geometry of the seawall to dissipate wave energy


References

  1. SEAWALL Accessed 2008-09-17.
  2. http://www.usatoday.com/weather/huricane/history/walicia.htm
  3. City has raised storm preparedness to a fine art, HoustonChronicle.com


External links




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