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Garden City is a village in the Town of Hempsteadmarker in central Nassau Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, in the United Statesmarker. It was founded by multi-millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart in 1869, and is located on Long Islandmarker, to the east of New York Citymarker, from mid-town Manhattanmarker, and just south of the Town of North Hempsteadmarker.

As of the 2000 census, the population of the incorporated village was 21,672. The village is an upper middle-class, predominantly white, Roman Catholic and Protestant community. Many families can trace their heritage to Italian and Irish immigrants who moved to Long Island from New York Citymarker.

The Garden City name is also applied to unincorporated areas in the region such as Garden City Southmarker, Garden City Parkmarker and East Garden Citymarker. Roosevelt Field, the current shopping center and former airfield from which Charles Lindbergh took off on his landmark 1927 flight, is located in East Garden Citymarker.

History

In 1869, Irish-born, self made multi-millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart, bought a portion of the relatively unpopulated Hempstead Plains, and founded the village of Garden City. The village was created as an upscale community for those seeking respite from New York City. The main attraction of the community was the Garden City Hotelmarker, designed by the acclaimed firm of McKim, Mead, and White. Although the original structure as well as the one that replaced it at the end of the 19th century were torn down many years ago, a hotel still stands on the original grounds, as do many nearby Victorian homes.

Stewart's wife, Cornelia, founded the St. Paul's School for boys, St. Mary's School for girls, a Bishop’s Residence and the Gothic Cathedral of the Incarnationmarker, which is today the center of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island, as well as the final resting place of Alexander Turney Stewart and Cornelia Stewart. This elaborate memorial was completed in 1885. Mrs. Stewart died the following year. As of 2008, The Cathedral of the Incarnation is undergoing a multi-million dollar renovation, which is scheduled for completion by 2012.

The early village did well due to its proximity to Hempstead, at that time the commercial center of Long Island. In time, thanks both to the railroad and automobiles, Garden City’s population increased.

In 1910, Doubleday, Page, and Co., one of the most world's important publishers, moved its operations to Garden City, with its own train station. The Doubleday company purchased much of the land on the west site of Franklin Avenue, and estate homes were built for many of its executives on Fourth Street. In 1916, company co-founder, and Garden City resident, Walter Hines Page was named Ambassador to Great Britain.

In 1915, the village of Garden City merged with the village of Garden City Estates to its west. It became an incorporated village in 1919. Garden City’s growth promoted the development of many nearby towns, including Stewart Manormarker, Garden City Parkmarker, Garden City Southmarker and East Garden Citymarker.

In the 1920s, the community continued to grow, with houses built in Garden City Estates as well as the Eastern Section of Garden City. This development included the Mott Section, developed by the heirs to the Mott’s apple juice fortune, which was spurred by easy access to the now defunct Long Island Motor Parkway, as well as the establishment of the Doubleday publishing group’s corporate headquarters. Doubleday's headquarters, known as Country Life Press, remained in Garden City until Bertelsmannmarker took over the firm in the mid-1980s. The plant closed in 1988 and has since been converted to offices for Bookspan, a media firm partly owned by Doubleday.

Housing construction slowed after the 1929 stock market crash. But in the 1930s, hundreds of houses were built to accommodate a population boom, though Garden City used a strict zoning code to preserve Stewart’s vision. Alone in central Nassau, the village retained a sense of orderly development, true to its rigorously planned roots. Mitchel Air Force Basemarker, located on the far east side of Garden City, served as a United States Air Force Base from 1918 through 1961. As of 2008, the U.S. military still retains a limited physical presence there, with the rest of the base occupied by housing, Hofstra Universitymarker, Nassau Community Collegemarker, the Long Island Children’s Museum, the Nassau County Firefighters Museum and Education Center, a Sony IMAX theater and the Cradle of Aviation Museummarker.

After World War II, following a trend of urban flight , Garden City continued to grow. Post War construction filled out the present borders of Garden City with many split and ranch style homes, with construction occurring in the far eastern, northern and western sections of the town. The Waldorf School of Garden City was founded in 1947 (one of the first Waldorf Schools in the United States), originally as a part of Adelphi Universitymarker. The village's public high school was also constructed during this time.

In the 1970s, the old Garden City Hotelmarker declared bankruptcy, and subsequently closed. The hotel was later demolished, and Garden City lost one of its grandest and most historical landmarks. A new Garden City Hotel was constructed on the previous site of the old Garden City Hotel.

In 1989, the St. Paul's School also closed and in 1993 was purchased by the Village of Garden City. Recently, the Village voted to designate St. Paul's and its property as "park land." Although still a controversial topic in Village politics. St. Mary's School, the sister school of St. Paul's was demolished in 2002. Since then, six large single family houses have been built on the property.

In the late 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s, the village's downtown areas (Seventh Street, New Hyde Park Road and Franklin Avenue) benefited from a renewal campaign and new construction. Bloomingdale's has moved from Franklin Avenue to the Roosevelt Field Mallmarker. Lord and Taylor has a large freestanding location that opened in 1956 on Franklin Avenue, which is still there today. Sears now occupies the building that was once home to Bloomingdale's. Several luxury restaurants have also opened in recent years along this avenue.

In aviation history

See also: Cradle of Aviation Museummarker, Mitchel Air Force Basemarker, Charles Lindbergh


In 1927, Charles Lindbergh departed on his famous solo transatlantic flight from Roosevelt Field in East Garden Citymarker. Today, Roosevelt Field is one of the largest shopping malls in the world.

Geography

Garden City is located at (40.726885, -73.649720).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 13.8 km² (5.3 sq mi), all land.

Garden City is located in central Nassau County, New Yorkmarker.

Demographics

As of the census of 2006, there were 21,811 people. The population density was 1,567.0/km² (4,059.5/sq mi). There were 7,555 housing units at an average density of 546.3/km² (1,415.2/sq mi). The racial makeup of the village was 94.2% White, 1.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.30% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 7,386 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the village the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 20 to 24, 7.2% from 25 to 34, 42.6% over 45, 21.6% over 60 and 1.9% who were over the age of 85. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the village was $142,788, and the median income for a family was $164,486. The per capita income for the village was $53,196. The average earnings for a full time year round male is $93,144 and for a full time year around female the average earning is $49,954. About 104 families and 476 individuals below the poverty line poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

There are five Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) train stations in the village that service Manhattanmarker, Brooklynmarker and Long Island City. The stops on the LIRR Hempstead line are (moving eastward) Stewart Manormarker, Nassau Boulevardmarker, Garden Citymarker and Country Life Pressmarker. There are additional stops on the LIRR Port Jefferson Branch at Merillon Avenuemarker and just over the Garden City border at New Hyde Parkmarker and Mineolamarker. Travel time to Manhattan ranges from 30 to 54 minutes, depending on the branch used.

Education

Garden City is served by its own school district. There are seven schools in the Garden City School District: three primary schools (Hemlock School, Homestead School and Locust School), two elementary schools (Stewart School and Stratford School), the Garden City Middle School (grades 6-8), and finally, the Garden City High School (grades 9-12). The primary schools function as a single unit, with three campuses spread across the village.
School Grades
Hemlock School K-1
Homestead School K-1
Locust School K-1
Stewart School 2-5
Stratford School 2-5
Garden City Middle School 6-8
Garden City High Schoolmarker 9-12


Private schools in Garden City

One independent school, the Waldorf School of Garden City (grades pre K-12), and two Roman Catholic elementary schools (K-8), St. Joseph School and St. Anne's School, are located in Garden City. The former St. Paul's School and St. Mary's School are now defunct.

Higher education

In 1929 Adelphi Collegemarker, which later became a university, moved from Brooklynmarker to its present campus in Garden City, becoming the first four-year college in Nassau or Suffolk counties.

Notable landmarks





Current and former residents



Notes

  1. http://newportvintagebooks.com/library/publishers/publishers_ae.htm
  2. U.S. Census Bureau - Garden City village, NY
  3. Richard Goldstein, Dave DeBusschere, 62, Relentless Forward On Knicks' Championship Teams, Is Dead, New York Times, May 15, 2003. Accessed online 2009-10-28.
  4. Elliott Murphy, My Many Hometowns..., elliottmurphy.com. Accessed online 2009-10-28.
  5. Mark Mulvoy , No Roses For Garden City Joe, Sports Illustrated, September 29, 1975. Accessed online 2009-10-28.
  6. Home page, tellysavalas.com. Accessed online 2009-10-28.
  7. Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. "Johnny Sylvester, the Inspiration For Babe Ruth Heroics, Is Dead", The New York Times, January 11, 1990. Accessed June 28, 2009.


External links

Community
Houses of Worship


Education


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