Garhwali are a people of the hilly Garhwal
Division of Uttarakhand, India.
belongs to the Pahari
(Northern) subgroup of Indo-Aryan
Garhwali is a hilly dialect originated from medieval Hindi
. In the middle period of the course of
development of Hindi, there were many "apbhransh" (dialects) of
Hindi. Of these, the most popular "apbhransh" of western India was
"Saurseni". Saurseni gave birth
to three sub-language those were Western-Hindi (in the region
around Mathura, Meerut and Delhi), Rajasthani (in Rajasthan) and Pahari (west-sub
sub language is the mother of the Garhwali dialect along with
Kumauni (spoken in the Kumaun region of Uttrakhand) and Himanchali (spoken
Pradesh). The closest language is Kumauni (or
Kumaoni) to its immediate east, in the Central subgroup of
the Pahari chain of dialects stretching from
Pradesh to Nepal.
like Kumauni, has many regional dialects spoken in different places
The script used for Garhwali is Devanagari
dialect of Garhwali played a role in
1980s, when Claus-Peter Zoller
announced the discovery of apparent traces of a centum
language in it. However, George van Driem
and Suhnu Sharma
later went there to do further
, and claim that it is in fact a satem
language, and that Zoller's data were flawed.
Zoller does not accept this 
, and claims that it was their data
that was flawed.
- Tehri/Sailani (Gangapariya) - spoken in
- Jaunsari - spoken in Jaunsar-Babar area (strongly related to
neighbouring Himachali dialects), only limited mutual
intelligibility with the other dialects.
- Srinagari - classical Garhwali spoken in erstwhile royal
capital, similar to Pauri.
- Salani (Pauri)
- Parvati - reportedly not mutually intelligible with other
- Gangadi (Uttarkashi)
- Spoken in parts of Uttarkashi.
(Linguistically unrelated but geographically neighboring languages
include: the Tibeto-Burman language Marchi/Bhotia
- spoken by Marchas
, neighbouring Tibet.)
Garhwali is a dialect spoken by four million Garhwali people,
mostly living in the Garhwali region of a north Indian state
Uttarakhand. Almost all people who can speak and understand
Garhwali can speak and understand Hindi also. This is one of the
dialects which is shrinking very rapidly and becoming out of
fashion. Most of the educated people who live in cities hardly
speak Garhwali and in most cases parents still speak and understand
Garhwali but their children cannot. Although it is easy to write
Garhwali in Hindi (Devnagri) script, there is hardly any literature
available in Garhwali.
In the last few decades there have been many singers like Narendra
Singh Negi who have made people interested in Garhwali by their
popular songs and videos. On an average there is one movie in four
or five years in Garhwali. If you are planning to visit tourist
places of this Middle Himalayan Region (Badrinath, Kedarnath,
Uttarkashi, Joshimath etc.), your knowledge of Garhwali can be