Gemas (金马士)is a small town
Sembilan, Malaysia, just near
the Negeri Sembilan-Johor state
border. The town is located approximately 165 km from
the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur.
Gemas Railway Station
It is the meeting place of Malaysian west
and east coast rail lines operated by Malayan Railways
. For this reason, Gemas is
comparatively busy for a town of its size. Gemas railways station
was erected in 1922 and is still in operation today.
In addition to the original town center of Gemas, the Johorean side
of Gemas is known as Gemas Baharu
is located about 1 km from Gemas town center.
southwest stands the famed Gunung Ledang - or its other name, Mount Ophir - with the height
of 1276 m.
Gemencheh Bridge during Battle of Malaya
During the Battle of Malaya
Second World War
, Gemencheh Bridge
near Gemas was the site of a fierce battle between the Imperial Japanese Army
, Australian Imperial Force
Commanding Officer of the Battalion was Lieutenant Colonel
Frederick "Black Jack" Galleghan. Gemencheh Bridge was a bridge over the
Gemencheh River (Sungai Gemencheh in Malay) that connected Gemas
with the larger neighboring town of Tampin.
Japanese had passed through Tampin and needed to cross the bridge
to reach Gemas.
On 14 January 1942, "B" Company of the 2/30th Battalion, launched
an ambush against the Japanese in the hope of preventing them from
advancing further south. As the advancing Japanese soldiers passed
by the ambush site, the bridge was blown. The battle following the
ambush, and a further battle closer to Gemas, lasted two days. It
ended with the Australian withdrawal through Gemas to Fort Rose
Four days later, another encounter between Japanese and Allied
soldiers took place near Parit Sulong
during the Battle of Malaya. Allied
including the Australian 2/19th
and 2/29th Battalions
surrounded and routed there.
A memorial remembering fallen Australians now stands by the site of
the destroyed Gemencheh Bridge in Federal route