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Geography of Croatia: Map


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Croatiamarker is located in Central and Southeastern Europe (aka the western Balkans) between Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker and Sloveniamarker. It borders the Adriatic Seamarker along its 5,835 km coastline. Its size is comparable to that of West Virginiamarker or Nova Scotiamarker. Croatia has a 932 km border with Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker, a 670 km border with Sloveniamarker, a 329 km border with Hungarymarker, a 241 km border with Serbiamarker (its Autonomous Province of Vojvodina entirely) and a 25 km border with Montenegromarker. Islands and coastal areas in Croatia have a Mediterranean climate while inland areas have temperate continental climate with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and cold snowy winters. The local terrain is quite diverse given the size of the country. There are flat plains along the Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near the Adriaticmarker coastline and islands. Croatia's strategic location gives it control over most land routes from Western Europe to the Aegean Seamarker and the Turkish Straits. The country's natural resources include Petroleum, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt and hydropower.


Maritime claims

*Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
*Territorial sea:

Land use

*Arable land: 23.55%
*Permanent crops: 2.24%
*Other: 74.21% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:30 kmĀ² (1998 est.)


1. Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes

2. Current issues:
*Air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests :*coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste;
*Landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure as a result of the 1991-1995 Croatian War of Independence.

3. International agreements:
*Party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution (MARPOL 73/78), Wetlands
*Signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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