Rwanda's cities and towns along with
a landlocked country located in Central
Africa, to the east of the Democratic
Republic of the Congo.
Satellite image of Rwanda
Its countryside consists of grasslands and
rolling hills, and it has a temperate climate.
borders Burundi for 290 km,
the Democratic Republic of the Congo for 217 km, Tanzania for 217 km, and Uganda for 169
Rwanda has an area
of 26 thousands square kilometers, of which 3 percent is
Topographic map of Rwanda
Rwanda's countryside is covered by grasslands and small farms
extending over rolling hills, with areas of rugged mountains that
extend southeast from a chain of volcanoes in the northwest.
between the Congo and Nile drainage systems extends from north to south
through western Rwanda at an average elevation of almost
2 750 m. On the western slopes of this ridgeline, the
land slopes abruptly toward Lake Kivu, one of the Great Lakes, and the Ruzizi River
valley, which form the western boundary with the Democratic
Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and constitute part of the
Great Rift Valley.
eastern slopes are more moderate, with rolling hills extending
across central uplands at gradually reducing altitudes, to the
plains, swamps, and lakes of the eastern border region.
point in Rwanda is the Ruzizi River, at 950 m, and the highest is
Karisimbi, at 4,507
Although Rwanda is located only two degrees south of the equator
, Rwanda's high elevation makes the climate
temperate. The average daily temperature near Lake Kivu, at an
altitude of is . During the two rainy seasons (February-May and
September-December), heavy downpours occur almost daily,
alternating with sunny weather. Annual rainfall averages but is
generally heavier in the western and northwestern mountains than in
the eastern savannas.
Rwanda possesses the following natural resources:
The use of land in Rwanda is largely for arable land, and other
purposes. 40 km² of land in Rwanda is irrigated
. The table below describes the land use
in Rwanda, as of 2005.
||Percentage of Area
hazards in Rwanda include periodic droughts and the volcanic
activity of the Virunga
Mountains, located in
the northwest of the country, along the border with the Democratic
Republic of the Congo.
Current issues concerning the environment in Rwanda include: the
result of uncontrolled deforestation for fuel, overgrazing, soil
exhaustion and widespread poaching.
Rwanda is a party to the following international agreements:
Rwanda has signed, but not ratified the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea