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Georg Friedrich Schömann (June 28, 1793 - March 25 1879), was a Germanmarker classical scholar.

He was born at Stralsundmarker in Pomerania. In 1827 he was appointed professor of ancient literature and eloquence in the University of Greifswaldmarker; it was there that he died.

Schömann's main interest was in the constitutional and religious antiquities of Greecemarker. His first works on the subject were De comitiis Atheniensium (1819), the first independent account of the forms of Athenian political life, and a treatise De sortitione judicum apud Athenienses (1820). In conjunction with M. H. E. Meier, Schömann wrote Der attische Process (1824). Among his other works are:
  • editions of Isaeus (1831) and Plutarch's Agis and Cleomenes (1839, important for the Attic law of inheritance and the history of the Spartanmarker constitution)
  • Antiquitates juris publici Graecorum (1838)
  • a critical examination of Grote's account of the Athenian constitution (1854, Eng. trans. by B. Bosanquet, 1878) from a conservative point of view
  • Griechische Alterthümer (1855-1859), treating of the general historical development of the Greek states, followed by a detailed account of the constitutions of Sparta, Cretemarker and Athensmarker, the cults and international relations of the Greek tribes.

The question of the religious institutions of the Greeks, which Schömann considered an essential part of their public life, soon attracted his attention, and he took the view that everything really religious was akin to Christianity, and that the greatest intellects of Greece produced intuitively Christian, dogmatic ideas. From this point of view he edited the Theogony of Hesiod (1868), with a commentary, chiefly mythological, and Cicero's De natura deorum (1850, 4th ed. 1876); translated with introduction and flutes Aeschylus's Prometheus Bound, and wrote a Prometheus Unbound (1844), in which Prometheus is brought to see the greatness of his offence and is pardoned by Zeus. Of his contributions on grammatical subjects special mention may be made of Die Lehre von den Redetheilen nach den Alten dargestellt (1862), an introduction to the elements of the science of grammar. His many-sidedness is shown in his Opuscula academica (4 vols., 1856-1871).

See Franz Susemihl in Conrad Bursian's Biog. Jahrbuch für Altertumskunde (1879); A. Baumeister in Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, xxxii.; C. Bursian, Gesch. der class. Philologie in Deutschland (1883), and J. E. Sandys, Hist. of Classical Scholarship, iii. (1908), p. 165.


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