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George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave GCMG, KC, PC (23 February 1856 – 29 March 1928) was a Britishmarker lawyer and Conservative politician. He was Home Secretary under David Lloyd George from 1916 to 1919 and served as Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1922 to 1924 and again from 1924 to 1928.

Background and education

Cave was born in Londonmarker, the son of Thomas Cave, Member of Parliament for Barnstaple, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Jasper Shallcrass. He was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School, Londonmarker and St John's College, Oxfordmarker. After being called to the bar in 1880, he practised as a barrister for a number of years, being made King's Counsel and recorder of Guildfordmarker in 1904.

Political career

In 1906 he was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for the Kingston Division of Surreymarker, and was appointed a member of the Royal Commission on Land Purchase in 1908. Having served as standing Counsel to the University of Oxfordmarker for two years as well as Attorney General to the Prince of Wales, in 1915 Cave was appointed Solicitor General and knighted. The following year, he was made Home Secretary in Lloyd George's coalition government, a post he held for three years.

In 1918, Sir George Cave was ennobled as Viscount Cave, of Richmondmarker in the County of Surreymarker. The following year, he became a Lord of Appeal, and chaired a number of commissions, including the Southern Rhodesianmarker commission and the Munitions Enquiry Tribunal. In 1922, he became Lord Chancellor in Bonar Law's government, and again served in this capacity in Baldwin's first administration. Having been appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) in 1921, he was also elected Chancellor of the University of Oxford in 1925, defeating former Liberal Prime Minister H.H. Asquith.


Lord Cave married Anne Estella Sarah Penfold Mathews, daughter of William Withey Mathews and sister of Sir Lloyd Mathews, in 1885. The marriage was childless. Cave died in March 1928, aged 72, at St Ann's, Burnhammarker, Somersetmarker, and was buried at Berrowmarker in the same county. On the day of his death his resignation as Lord Chancellor had been accepted and it had been announced that he would be created an earl, and so his widow was created Countess Cave of Richmond. Having had no children, the viscountcy became extinct on Lord Cave's death, as did the earldom when his widow died in 1938.


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