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George Henderson (18 February 1866 – 26 June 1912) was a scholar of Scottish Gaelic.


Henderson was born on 18 February 1866 in Heughden, Kiltarlitymarker, Inverness-shire in Scotland. He went to Raining's School in Invernessmarker, where he was taught by Alexander Bain, a lexicographer of Scottish. He then attended the University of Edinburgh, studying English literature, philosophy and Celtic. After graduating in 1888, he became the examiner for the MA in Celtic. He then worked in South Uistmarker in 1892, collecting oral Gaelic literature, before travelling to Viennamarker in 1893 and obtaining his doctorate. On his return in 1896, he studied at Jesus College, Oxfordmarker and obtained a BLitt on Scottish Gaelic dialects. He married in Iffleymarker near Oxford in May 1901 before his ordination as a Church of Scotlandmarker minister in June 1901. He served the parish of Eddrachillis, Sutherlandmarker until 1906 when he was appointed as a lecturer in Celtic at the University of Glasgowmarker. He had in the interim obtained a collection of Gaelic folksongs and tunes from the Isle of Skyemarker, collected by Frances Tolmie, and these were published by the Folksong Society in 1911 upon his recommendation. He died on 26 June 1912.


Henderson had a large output of published material, although his work was sometimes inconsistent. His principal works include the following:

  • John Morison's Dain Iain Ghobha (1893–96), a two-volume collection and edition (with a memoir) of religious Gaelic verse.
  • Publications in Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie on Scottish Gaelic dialects (the result of his BLitt at Oxford)
  • Leabhar nan Gleann (1898)
  • An edition of Fled Bricrend for the Irish Texts Society (1899)
  • The Norse Influence on Celtic Scotland (1910)
  • Survivals in Belief among the Celts (1911)
  • Arthurian Motifs in Gadhelic Literature (1912)


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