Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (
sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublik'a;
Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika),
also known as the Georgian SSR for short, was one
of the republics that
made up the former Soviet
- Main article:
History of the Georgian SSR
November 28 1917,
after the October Revolution in
Russia, there was established Transcaucasian commissariat
heading by Mensheviks in Tbilisi.
The Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia was established on
February 25 1921
On March 2
first constitution of Soviet Georgia was accepted.
Georgia within Transcaucasian SFSR
From March 12 1922
December 5 1936
was part of the Transcaucasian
together with the Armenian SSR
In 1936, the TSFSR was dissolved. During this period the province
was led by Lavrentiy Beria
secretary of the Georgian
of the Georgian Communist Party
, the government
was decentralized and the Georgian Communist Party rose in power.
Alongside it, a black market economy and corruption grew. Eduard Shevardnadze
worked for years to
fight this corruption from the mid 1960s until 1985, when he was
appointed Soviet Foreign Minister.
October 28 1990,
democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15 the nation was renamed the "Republic of
It declared independence on April 9
, under Zviad Gamsakhurdia
. However, this was
unrecognized by the Soviet government and Georgia was in the USSR
until its collapse in December 1991.
- .Geronti Kikodze (1954) Notes of a Contemporary, first
published in 1989, Mnatobi, Issue 1, Tbilisi, Georgia.