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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic: Map


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The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic ( sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as the Georgian SSR for short, was one of the republics that made up the former Soviet Unionmarker.


Main article: History of the Georgian SSR

Preceding Events

On November 28 1917, after the October Revolution in Russiamarker, there was established Transcaucasian commissariat heading by Mensheviks in Tbilisimarker.

Soviet power

The Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia was established on February 25 1921.

On March 2, 1922 the first constitution of Soviet Georgia was accepted.

Georgia within Transcaucasian SFSR

From March 12 1922 to December 5 1936 it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1936, the TSFSR was dissolved. During this period the province was led by Lavrentiy Beria, first secretary of the Georgian Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party

Under Khrushchev, the government was decentralized and the Georgian Communist Party rose in power. Alongside it, a black market economy and corruption grew. Eduard Shevardnadze worked for years to fight this corruption from the mid 1960s until 1985, when he was appointed Soviet Foreign Minister.

On October 28 1990, democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15 the nation was renamed the "Republic of Georgiamarker." It declared independence on April 9, 1991, under Zviad Gamsakhurdia. However, this was unrecognized by the Soviet government and Georgia was in the USSR until its collapse in December 1991.


  1. .Geronti Kikodze (1954) Notes of a Contemporary, first published in 1989, Mnatobi, Issue 1, Tbilisi, Georgia.

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