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Gettysburg is a borough in and the county seat of Adams Countymarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 7,490 at the 2000 census.

Although known primarily as an attraction because of its proximity to the Gettysburg Battlefieldmarker, site of the Battle of Gettysburgmarker, the borough is also known for its institutions of higher learning, namely the Lutheran Theological Seminarymarker, founded in 1826, Gettysburg Collegemarker (originally Pennsylvania College), which began operating in 1832, andHarrisburg Area Community College.

Many roads radiate from Gettysburg, providing hub-like access to Baltimoremarker (52 miles/84 kilometers), Harrisburg, Pennsylvaniamarker (38 miles/61kilometers), Carlislemarker (30 miles/48 kilometers), Frederickmarker and Hagerstown, Marylandmarker (25 and 30 miles, or 40 and 48 kilometers, respectively), and Washington, D.C.marker (90 miles/145 kilometers). Chambersburgmarker is west on the Lincoln Highway (U.S. Route 30), the first transcontinental U.S. highway. Today the borough is a 2½ hour drive from Philadelphiamarker and a 3½ hour drive from Pittsburghmarker via the Pennsylvania Turnpike and U.S. Route 15. Gettysburg Regional Airportmarker, a small general aviation airport, is located 2 miles (4 km) west of Gettysburg.

In June of 2009, the Adams County Transit Authority implemented local transportation service to the boro operating under the name Freedom Transit

Climate

Gettysburg has seasonal weather that varies from around in the winter months to almost in the summer.

History and culture

Gettysburg was founded in 1786 and named after Samuel Gettys, an early settler and tavern owner.

In 1858 the Gettysburg Railroad completed construction of a railroad line from Gettysburg to Hanovermarker. The Gettysburg Railroad Stationmarker opened in 1859. Passenger train service to the city ended in 1942. The station was restored in 2006 and currently operates as a museum.

Gettysburg, home to the Battle of Gettysburgmarker (1863) of the American Civil War, draws in large numbers of tourists every year to visit the historical sites around the small community as well as the battlefield itself. Gettysburg has many activities and tours to offer to vacationers and tourists that are interested in the Gettysburg area and the history of the community and the battle. A narrated tour via double-decker bus and tours of the Jenny Wade house are two examples. Ghost tours are also popular with tourists, profiling various locations reported to be haunted. One of the most popular times to visit Gettysburg is in the Summer and early Fall months, about June through October.

A popular attraction in Gettysburg is the reenactment of the Battle of Gettysburg which is held every summer for the three days around the Fourth of July. Events include tours, ghost stories and reenactments.

The Dobbin House Tavernmarker, which is one of the most famous restaurants in Gettysburg, was once home to Reverend Alexander Dobbin in 1776. The restaurant has since been authentically restored and provides an ambiance that was once present during the historic days of Gettysburg. The Dobbin House is lit by candles while the wait staff serves authentic foods from two centuries ago dressed in Civil War attire. Other historical attractions are the hotels and bed and breakfasts around the borough. The Gettysburg Hotel is a popular destination for tourists because of all the history that the hotel holds. The Gettysburg Hotel is located in the heart of downtown Gettysburg, within walking distance to historical sites, restaurants and shopping. The hotel has been in business since 1797 and in 1863 witnessed events that took place during the three day battle.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,490 people, 2,541 households, and 1,229 families residing in the borough. The population density was . There were 2,759 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the borough was 85.46% White, 5.79% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.67% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 8.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,541 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.6% were non-families. 42.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the borough the population was spread out with 16.2% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 19.1% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,840, and the median income for a family was $40,489. Males had a median income of $30,341 versus $21,111 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,157. About 13.2% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 17 and 5.2% of those age 77 or over.

Tourism information

Because of the Battle of Gettysburgmarker, the main industry of the borough is tourism. Many places of interest include; Little Round Topmarker, Big Round Top, Devil's Denmarker, the Peacelight Memorial, and during the days of July 1 through the 3rd visitors can witness the reenactment of the Battle of Gettysburg.

Media



Colleges and universities



Sister cities

Gettysburg has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International.

References

  1. http://www.eveningsun.com/ci_12715035?source=most_emailed
  2. gettysburg-pa.gov


Bibliography

  • The History and Topography of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Adams, and Perry Counties Lancaster City, PA: Gilbert Hills, 1846.


External links




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