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Gifford Pinchot National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in southern Washingtonmarker, USA. With an area of 1.37 million acres (5300 km²), it extends 116 km along the western slopes of Cascade Range from Mount Rainier National Parkmarker to the Columbia River. It includes the 110,000 acre (445 km²) Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monumentmarker, established by Congress in 1982. In addition, Congressional action since 1964 has established the following wilderness areas:
Old Snowy Mountain in Goat Rocks Wilderness


Also, William O.marker Douglas Wildernessmarker is administered jointly with Wenatchee National Forestmarker. A 1993 Forest Service study estimated that the extent of old growth in the Forest was ., some of which is contained within its wilderness areas.

The forest offices are located in Vancouver, Washingtonmarker. There are local ranger district offices in Randle, Amboy, and Trout Lakemarker. The forest is named after the first chief of the United States Forest Service, Gifford Pinchot. Washington towns near entrances of the forest include Cougarmarker, Randle, and Carsonmarker.

History

Gifford Pinchot National Forest is one of the older national forests in the United States. Included as part of the Mount Rainier Forest Reserve in 1897, the area was set aside as the Columbia National Forest in 1908. It was renamed the Gifford Pinchot National Forest on June 15, 1949. In 1985 the non-profit Gifford Pinchot Task Force formed to protect the area. At 338 spots more than 6,000 Culturally modified trees were identified, of which 3,000 are protected now.

The forest was named after Gifford Pinchot, one of the leading figures in the creation of the national forest system of the United States.

Geography

Gifford Pinchot National Forest is located in a mountainous region approximately between Mount St. Helensmarker in the west, Mount Adamsmarker in the east, Mount Rainier National Park in the north, and the Columbia River in the south. This region is noted for its complex topography and volcanic geology. About 65 percent of the forest acreage is located in Skamania Countymarker. In descending order of land area the others are Lewismarker, Yakimamarker, Cowlitzmarker, Klickitatmarker, and Clarkmarker counties.

Points of interest

The Forest is home to several Threatened and Endangered species including: bald eagle, bull trout, chinook, coho and steelhead, and northern spotted owl. The Forest also provides habitat for gray wolf, grizzly bear, and marbled murrelett.

References

  1. USFS Ranger Districts by State
  2. http://www.fs.fed.us/land/staff/lar/2007/TABLE_6.htm


External links

Map of Gifford Pinchot National Forest



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