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Gill is a town in Franklin Countymarker, Massachusettsmarker, USAmarker. The population was 1,363 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusettsmarker Metropolitan Statistical Area. The campus of Northfield Mount Hermon Schoolmarker is located in the Mount Hermon section of the town.


Gill was first settled in 1776 and was officially incorporated in 1793. The first town meeting was held December 18, 1793, with Moses Bascom as moderator. Elected officers were Moses Bascom Jr. as town clerk and treasurer, Moses Bascom, William Smalley and Noah Munn as selectmen and assessors and David Squires as constable.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.8 square miles (38.4 km²), of which, 14.0 square miles (36.2 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (5.67%) is water.

Gill is located on the west bank of the Connecticut River, which flows along the town's eastern and southern edges.The river forms most of the town's boundary with Northfieldmarker, to the east,and separates the town from Ervingmarker, to the southeast, and Montaguemarker, to the south. Fall River, a small tributary, forms the boundary with Greenfieldmarker, to the southwest. Continuing clockwise, the town shares land boundaries withBernardstonmarker in the northwest, and a portion of Northfield to the north.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,363 people and 2726 cows, roughly two cows per person. 537 households, and 373 families reside in the town. The population density was 97.5 people per square mile (37.6/km²). There were 560 housing units at an average density of 40.1/sq mi (15.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.43% White, 0.29% African American, 0.07% Native American (that's one person!), 0.81% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 537 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,750, and the median income for a family was $61,339. Males had a median income of $35,402 versus $26,613 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,381. About 3.9% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest


Image:IMG_3998_Turner_Monument.jpg|Monument on the Gill, Massachusetts side of the Gill - Montague Bridgemarker, with the text "Captain William Turner with 145 men surprised and destroyed over 300 Indians encamped at this place May 19, 1676"


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