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Girish Chandra Ghosh (February 28, 1844February 8 1912) was a Bengali musician, poet, playwright, novelist, theatre director and actor. He was largely responsible for the golden age of Bengali theatre.

He founded the National Theatre, the first Bengali professional theatre company in 1872, wrote nearly 40 plays and acted and directed many more, and later in life became a noted disciple of Sri Ramakrishna.


Born in Bagbazarmarker, Kolkatamarker, in 1844, the eighth child to his parents, he received his early education at Hare School, and later studied at Oriental Seminary in the city.

He owned a theatre company, the National Theatre, in Calcutta. With Binodini Dasi, he staged his play, Chaitanyalila, at the Star Theatre on 20 September 1884, with Bengali mystic saint, Sri Ramakrishna in the audience. Subsequently both of them became disciples of Ramakrishna.

Although a notorious libertine, Girish eventually became one of the close disciples of Sri Ramakrishna, the 19th century Bengali saint. The story of Girish's relationship with Sri Ramakrishna, and his eventual transformation into a renunciate who was "second to none" is documented in the Sri Sri Ramakrisna Kathamrta later translated into English as "The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna".

In films

His novel Bhakta Dhruva was adapted into a film by the poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. He was also the subject of a biopic, in Bengali, Mahakavi Girish Chandra (1956), directed by Modhu Bose.

Further reading

  • From The Undivine Tree To The Divine Fruit: Girish Chandra Ghosh by Sri Chinmoy, 1991. Online


  1. Drama 1900 -1926 Handbook of twentieth-century literatures of India, by Nalini Natarajan, Emmanuel Sampath Nelson. Published by Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996. ISBN 0313287783. Page 48.
  2. Kundu, Pranay K. Development of Stage and Theatre Music in Bengal. Published in Banerjee, Jayasri (ed.), The Music of Bengal. Baroda: Indian Musicological Society, 1987.
  3. A Girish Chandra Ghosh History of Indian Literature: 1800-1910 : Western Impact, Indian Response, by Sisir Kumar Das, Sahitya Akademi, Published by Sahitya Akademi. 1991. ISBN 8172010060. Page 283.
  4. Girish Chandra Ghosh
  5. Some Great Devotees Ramakrishna and his disciples, by Christopher Isherwood, Ramakrishna Vedanta Centre. Published by Vedanta Press, 1980. ISBN 087481037X. Page 247.
  6. Girish Chandra Ghosh
  7. Girish Chandra Ghosh - Profile "The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna".

External links

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