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The Giro d'Italia (Tour of Italymarker), also simply known as The Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May/early June in and around Italymarker. It is one of the three Grand Tours, and is part of the UCI World Ranking calendar. The most recent winner (2009) is Denis Menchov.

History

The Giro was inspired by the Tour de France, and just as the French race was intended to boost circulation of L'Auto, so Emilio Costamagna, the editor of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper, aimed to increase his circulation. The first Giro d'Italia started on May 13, 1909 at Milanmarker, with eight stages totalling 2,448 kilometres (1,521 miles). Luigi Ganna was the first winner.

The Giro is the second most important stage race in the world (after the Tour), and along with the Tour and the Road World Cycling Championship it makes up the Triple Crown of Cycling. The Tour de France, the Giro and the Vuelta a España are the three Grand Tours of the road bicycle racing season.

Classifications

Whereas the overall leader of the Tour de France is awarded a yellow jersey (originally to correspond with L'Auto 's yellow pages), since 1931 the leader of the general classification in the Giro sports the maglia rosa (pink jersey), which corresponds with newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport 's pink newsprint. The leader of the mountains classification wears the maglia verde (green jersey). The leader of the points classification wears the maglia ciclamino (mauve jersey), the best young rider wears the maglia bianca (white jersey).
Italian Felice Gimondi holds the record for the most podium finishes: nine in total, consisting of three victories, two second places and four third place finishes.

In the 1940's, there also was a black jersey, for the cyclist who was last in the general classification.

General classification

The maglia rosa, or pink jersey, is worn each day by the cyclist with the fastest overall time up to that point of the Giro. The rider wearing the jersey may change from day to day, but given the glory and extra exposure for the team, individual andsponsor of the rider who holds the jersey, teams often make extra efforts to keep the jersey on the race leader from day to day. In fact, each team brings several pink jerseys to the race in case one of their riders becomes the leader. The cyclist with the lowest time at the end of the Giro's last stage wins the Giro. This is similar to the Yellow jersey used in the Tour de France.



Mountains classification

During mountain stages of the race, points are awarded to the rider who is first to reach the top of each significant climb. Points are also awarded for riders who closely follow the leader up each climb. The number of points awarded varies according to the hill classification, which is determined by the steepness and length of that particular hill. The green jersey is worn by the rider who, at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of climbing points. If a rider holds both the pink and green jerseys, the green jersey is worn by the rider in second place. At the end of the Giro, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the climbing competition. In fact, some riders, particularly those who are neither sprinters nor particularly good at time-trialing, may attempt only to win this particular competition within the race. This is a similar competition to the polka dot jersey award of the Tour de France, except that the Giro uses three categories for mountains while the Tour uses five. In the Giro, there are no Hors Catégorie or fourth-category ratings. Also, the Cima Coppi, the highest point reached in a particular Giro, is worth more points than the race's other first-category climbs. In 2009, this classification was won by Stefano Garzelli.



Points classification

Points are given to the rider who is first to reach the end of, or determined places during, any stage of the Giro. The jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of points. The rider whom at the end of the Giro, holds the most points, wins the points competition. This is a similar competition as the green jersey of the Tour de France, with one key difference. Whereas in the Tour de France flat stages award more points than climbing stages, in the Giro all stages award the same points on the same scale. The stage win awards 25 points, second place is worth 20 points, third 16, fourth 14, fifth 12, sixth 10, and one point less per place down the line, to a single point for fifteenth. The 2009 winner was Danilo Di Luca.

In addition, stages can have one or more intermediate sprints: 6, 4, and 2 points are awarded to the first three cyclists passing these lines. These points also count toward the TV classification (Traguardo Volante, or "flying sprint"), a separate award.



Youth Competition

The youth competition is a competition within the giro, celebrating young riders. The white jersey is given to the rider under the age of 25 who gets the highest ranking in the general classification. In 2009 it was won by Kevin Seeldraeyers.

List of overall winners

Giro Year Winner Nationality Team
92 2009 Denis Menchov
91 2008 Alberto Contador
90 2007 Danilo Di Luca
89 2006 Ivan Basso
88 2005 Paolo Savoldelli (2nd win)
87 2004 Damiano Cunego Saeco
86 2003 Gilberto Simoni (2nd win) Saeco
85 2002 Paolo Savoldelli Index-Alexia
84 2001 Gilberto Simoni
83 2000 Stefano Garzelli Mercatone Uno
82 1999 Ivan Gotti (2nd win) Polti
81 1998 Marco Pantani Mercatone Uno
80 1997 Ivan Gotti Saeco
79 1996 Pavel Tonkov Ceramiche Panaria-Vinavil
78 1995 Tony Rominger
77 1994 Eugeni Berzin Gewiss-Ballan
76 1993 Miguel Indurain (2nd win)
75 1992 Miguel Indurain
74 1991 Franco Chioccioli del Tongo
73 1990 Gianni Bugno Chateau d'Ax
72 1989 Laurent Fignon Super U-Raleigh-Fiat
71 1988 Andrew Hampsten 7-Eleven
70 1987 Stephen Roche Carrera-Vagabond
69 1986 Roberto Visentini Carrera-Inoxpran
68 1985 Bernard Hinault (3rd win) La Vie Claire
67 1984 Francesco Moser Gis-Tuc Lu
66 1983 Giuseppe Saronni (2nd win) Del Tongo
65 1982 Bernard Hinault (2nd win) Renault-Elf-Gitane
64 1981 Giovanni Battaglin Inoxpran
63 1980 Bernard Hinault Renault-Elf-Gitane
62 1979 Giuseppe Saronni Scic
61 1978 Johan de Muynck Bianchi-Faema
60 1977 Michel Pollentier Flandria-Velda
59 1976 Felice Gimondi (3rd win) Bianchi-Campagnolo
58 1975 Fausto Bertoglio Jollyceramica
57 1974 Eddy Merckx (5th win) Molteni
56 1973 Eddy Merckx (4th win) Molteni
55 1972 Eddy Merckx (3rd win) Molteni
54 1971 Gösta Pettersson Ferretti
53 1970 Eddy Merckx (2nd win) Faema
52 1969 Felice Gimondi (2nd win) Faema
51 1968 Eddy Merckx Faema
50 1967 Felice Gimondi Salvarani
49 1966 Gianni Motta Molteni
48 1965 Vittorio Adorni Salvarani
47 1964 Jacques Anquetil (2nd win) St.Raphael
46 1963 Franco Balmamion (2nd win) Carpano
45 1962 Franco Balmamion Carpano
44 1961 Arnaldo Pambianco Fides
43 1960 Jacques Anquetil Fynsec
42 1959 Charly Gaul (2nd win) Emi G. S.
41 1958 Ercole Baldini Legnano
40 1957 Gastone Nencini Chlorodont
39 1956 Charly Gaul Faema-Guerra
38 1955 Fiorenzo Magni (3rd win) Nivea-Fuchs
37 1954 Carlo Clerici Faema-Guerra
36 1953 Fausto Coppi (5th win) Bianchi-Pirelli
35 1952 Fausto Coppi (4th win) Bianchi-Pirelli
34 1951 Fiorenzo Magni (2nd win) Ganna
33 1950 Hugo Koblet Guerra
32 1949 Fausto Coppi (3rd win) Bianchi-Ursus
31 1948 Fiorenzo Magni Willier Triestina
30 1947 Fausto Coppi (2nd win) Bianchi
29 1946 Gino Bartali (3rd win) Legnano
1941 to 1945: suspended because of World War II
28 1940 Fausto Coppi Italymarker Legnano
27 1939 Giovanni Valetti (2nd win) Italymarker France Sport-Wobler
26 1938 Giovanni Valetti Italymarker Fresjus
25 1937 Gino Bartali (2nd win) Italymarker Legnano
24 1936 Gino Bartali Italymarker Legnano
23 1935 Vasco Bergamaschi Italymarker Maino-Girardengo
22 1934 Learco Guerra Italymarker Maino-Clement
21 1933 Alfredo Binda (5th win) Italymarker Legnano
20 1932 Antonio Pesenti Italymarker Dei
19 1931 Francesco Camusso Italymarker Gloria
18 1930 Luigi Marchisio Italymarker Legnano
17 1929 Alfredo Binda (4th win) Italymarker Legnano
16 1928 Alfredo Binda (3rd win) Italymarker Legnano
15 1927 Alfredo Binda (2nd win) Italymarker Legnano
14 1926 Giovanni Brunero (3rd win) Italymarker Legnano
13 1925 Alfredo Binda Italymarker Legnano
12 1924 Giuseppe Enrici Italymarker
11 1923 Costante Girardengo (2nd win) Italymarker Maino
10 1922 Giovanni Brunero (2nd win) Italymarker Legnano
9 1921 Giovanni Brunero Italymarker Legnano
8 1920 Gaetano Belloni Italymarker Bianchi
7 1919 Costante Girardengo Italymarker Stucchi
1915 to 1918: suspended because of World War I
6 1914 Alfonso Calzolari Italymarker Stucchi
5 1913 Carlo Oriani Italymarker Maino
4 1912 Team Atala
Carlo Galetti (3rd win), Giovanni Micheletto, Eberardo Pavesi
Italymarker Team Atala
3 1911 Carlo Galetti (2nd win) Italymarker Bianchi
2 1910 Carlo Galetti Italymarker Team Atala
1 1909 Luigi Ganna Italymarker Italymarker


Victories per country

Rank Country Victories
1 65
2 7
3 6
4 3
3
3
7 2
8 1
1
1


Giro d'Italia stage victories

Rank Name Country Wins
1 Mario Cipollini 42
2 Alfredo Binda 41
3 Learco Guerra 31
4 Costante Girardengo 30
5 Eddy Merckx 25
6 Alessandro Petacchi 24
Giuseppe Saronni 24
8 Francesco Moser 23
9 Fausto Coppi 22
Roger De Vlaeminck 22
11 Franco Bitossi 21
12 Giuseppe Olmo 20
Miguel Poblet 20


Records

Most Giro d'Italia victories: 5 by Alfredo Binda, Fausto Coppi, and Eddy Merckx

Most days in the maglia rosa: 76 by Eddy Merckx

Most stage victories in one Giro d'Italia: 12 by Alfredo Bindain the 1927 Giro d'Italia

Most consecutive stage victories: 8 by Alfredo Binda in the 1929 Giro d'Italia

See also



References


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