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Giuseppe Valadier (April 14, 1762February 1, 1839) was an Italian architect and designer, urban planner and archeologist, a chief exponent of Neoclassicism in Italy.

Biography

The son of a goldsmith, Luigi (1726–1785), Valadier was born in Romemarker in 1762. He also occasionally provided designs for silver, such as the "York Chalice" for Henry Cardinal York (1800-01) [235411], the grand silver table service for Monsignor Antonio Odescalchi (1795-97) and the similar Rospigliosi-Pallavicini service, begun in 1803 [235412] which we partly produced in the silver workshop he directly oversaw and partly sub-contracted to other Roman silversmiths. Valadier also designed some furniture and other decorative arts, such as the rock crystal and silver reliquary for relics of the Holy Crib in Santa Maria Maggioremarker, for Pope Pius IX. Valadier worked in Rome and elsewhere in the Papal Statesmarker, but many of his projects remained on paper. He was named official architetto camerale of the Papal States by Pope Pius VI in 1786. He taught architecture at the Accademia di San Lucamarker was a pioneer archeologist and a restorer of monuments, such as the Milvian Bridgemarker (1805) and the Arch of Titusmarker in Rome, (1819-21). He retraced the ancient line of the Via Flaminia (1805) and restored Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola's neglected Church of Sant'Andrea in Via Flaminiamarker, which influenced his own Church of Santa Maria della Salute in Fiumicinomarker, the newly-establish port for Rome.

Major works

  • Clocks in allegorical sculptural settings for the tops of the belltowerrs, Basilica of Saint Petermarker;
  • Villa Torlonia, Rome (1806 onwards);
  • General plan for access to the Imperial Forums (1811);
  • General plans for Piazza del Popolomarker (first plans, 1793; final plans executed 1816–20), creating its elliptical plan and linking it via stairs and terraces with the Pincio, including the Casina Valadier (1816 onwards) [235413] in the Borghese Gardens;
  • Teatro Valle (1819);
  • Fiumicinomarker (1822); the first planned suburb of modern Rome (1823-28);
    • Church of Santa Maria della Salute, Fiumicino
  • Restoration of the Arch of Titusmarker, including the outer portion of the arch, and exterior columns)(1821-1822)
  • opening of via di Ripetta, via del Babuino, and via della Caserma (1822);
    • Church of San Rocco in Ripetta (1831), facade
    • Palazzo Nainer, via del Babuino (1819-21)., now a hotel.
    • 79, via del Babuino (1826); the architect's own home.
  • General plan for the piazza of St John Lateranmarker;


He published collections of his designs and drawings:
  • Giuseppe Valadier (Architectonic projects) Rome 1807
  • Giuseppe Valadier, Raccolta delle più insigni fabbriche di Roma antica, Rome 1810
  • Giuseppe Valadier, L'Architettura pratica: dettata nella Scuola dell'insigne Accademia di San Luca, 5 vols, Rome 1828– 1834;


References

Further reading

  • Paolo Marconi. 1964. Giuseppe Valadier (Rome)
  • Alvar Gonzalez-Palacios, "Il Gusto Dei Principi, 1993, (nos. 366-368, (designs and wine-coolers from the Odescalchi service)
  • Valadier: Three Generations of Roman Goldsmiths: An exhibition of drawings and works of art. London: Artemis Group / David Carritt Limited, 1991.





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