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For the three pyramids of Giza, visit the Giza pyramid complexmarker.
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Giza or Gizah ( , transliterated el-Gīzah) is the third largest city in Egyptmarker. Being located on the west bank of the Nile river, some 20 km southwest of central Cairomarker. Along with Shubra El-Kheimamarker, Cairomarker and Helwanmarker, the 4 cities form the Province of Greater Cairomarker metropolis. The city of Giza It is the capital of the Giza Governorate, and is located near the northeast border of this governorate in coordinates. It is located right on the banks of the River Nile. The city's population was 2,681,863 in the 2006 national census, while the governate had 6,272,571 at the same census. Its large population makes it the second largest suburb in the world, tied with Incheonmarker, Korea and Quezon Citymarker, Philippines, second only to Yokohama, Japan.

Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinxmarker, the Great Pyramid of Gizamarker, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. The plateau and its monuments have been recorded in the Giza Plateau Mapping Project run by Ancient Egypt Research Associates, directed by Dr. Mark Lehner. AERA's 2009 field season was recorded in a blog.

The Great Pyramid of Giza at one time was advocated (1884) as the location for the Prime Meridian, a reference point used for determining a base longitude.

History

Giza under the name of "Mn Nefer" -Memphis in Greek- which means the Beautiful Wall in Ancient Egyptian Language was the Capital City of the first unified Egyptian state since the days of Pharaoh King Narmer". Giza's most famous archaeological site, the Giza Plateau, holds some of the most astonishing monuments in Egyptian history. Once thriving with the Nile that flowed right into the Giza Plateau, the Pyramids of Gizamarker were built overlooking the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphismarker, which was near modern day Cairomarker.

The Giza Plateau is also home to many other Ancient Egyptian monuments, including the tomb of Pharaoh Djet of the First dynasty, as well as that of Pharaoh Ninetjer of the Second dynasty.

Infrastructure

Giza has seen some changes over time. Changes in infrastructure during the different occupations of Egyptmarker by various rulers, including the Britishmarker in the 18th and early 20th century, focused on the construction of roads, streets, and buildings in the area. Giza is a thriving centre of Egyptian culture and is quite heavily populated, with many facilities and buildings in the current area. Giza saw much attention in particular to its vast amount of ancient Egyptian monuments found on the Giza Plateau, and has astonished thousands of visitors and tourists over the years. Giza's infrastructure saw much attention from both the British government prior to the 1952 coup d'etat, as well as the current Egyptianmarker government due to the city's importance in tourism.

The city hosts the first zoo in entire African continent and one of the oldest in the Mediterraneanmarker region, Giza Zoomarker. In addition, there are several parks, the most famous among them is Orman Park which means "Forest" in Turkish language.

Health

Giza has advanced level of medical care just like its elder twin Cairo.List of famous hospitals in Giza"
  • Agooza in Agouza district.
  • Al Salam in Mohandessin neighbourhood.
  • Badran in Dokki district.
  • El Safa.
  • Haram Hospital in Haram.
  • El Shoruk Hospital.
  • Cairo Medical Lab
In adition to hospitals there are numerous medical facilities, private clinics, medical check labs...etc

Transportation

Transportation in Giza comprises an extensive road network, rail system, subway system, and maritime services. Road transport is facilitated by personal vehicles, taxi cabs, privately-owned public buses, and microbuses.

Giza shares with Cairo the subway system, officially called "Metro (مترو)", is a fast and efficient way of getting around. An extensive road network connects Giza with 6th of October Citymarker, Cairo and other cities. There are flyovers, and bridges such as the 15th of May bridge.Giza traffic is known to be overwhelming and overcrowded.



Districts and Neighbourhoods of Giza

The centre of the city is Giza Square.

Climate

Along the Nile River Valley, the climate of Giza is of semi-Mediterraneanmarker-Semi continental climate, but often with high humidity due to the river valley's effects. Wind storms can be frequent, bringing Saharan dust into the city during the months of March and April. High temperatures in winter range from 12°C to 17°C, while night-time lows drop to below 7°C, often to 5°C and the lowest recorder temperature was 0.8C . In summer, the highs rarely surpass 40°C, and lows drop to about 20°C. Rainfall is sparse, but sudden showers do cause harsh flooding.

Economy

Industries here include movies, chemicals, machinery and cigarettes. In addition, Giza has many luxury apartment buildings along the Nile, making it a popular place to live.

International access

Access to the city of Giza, which has its own Governorate adjacent to the governorate of Cairomarker, is dependent on Cairo International Airportmarker. Another local airport is found in Giza, called Imbaba Airport, but recently the Egyptian government decided to shut down the area, and turn it into a cultural or an athletic area.

Education

Giza's learning institutions include the University of Cairomarker which was moved to Giza in 1924. The city is a hub of education and educational services not only for Egypt but also for the Mediterranean Region entirely. Giza has numerous educational schools, kindergartens, and higher learning institutes.

Sports

The city hosts the second most successful club in Egyptmarker and Africa, El Zamalek. Which is located in Mit Oqba neighbourhood near Mohandesin neighbourhood.Beside El Zamalek there are other clubs like El Tersana and Seid Shooting Club which is one of the elite clubs in Egypt.

Twinnings



See also



Giza Images gallery



File:Giza 12.jpg|Giza Pyramidsmarker appear from a hotel Haram DistrictFile:Giza 18.jpg|Haram Street and the Giza pyramidsFile:Giza 2.jpg|Mohandessin NeighbourhoodFile:Giza 22.jpg|The city of Giza as seen from Cairo TowermarkerFile:Giza 23.jpg|Giza City as seen from its elder twin CairomarkerFile:Giza 27.jpg|One of Giza Hotels

File:Giza 51.jpg|Giza Zoo, Nahdet Masr Statue and the boulevard which leads to Cairo University.

File:Giza, Mena palace 1.jpg|



Notes & references

  1. "The Giza Plateau Mapping Project", Lehner, Mark; Hunt, Brian V. link
  2. "An archaeology blog from the Giza Pyramids in Egypt", 2009 Hunt, Brian V. link
  3. "The Canary Islands and the Question of the Prime Meridian: The Search for Precision in the Measurement of the Earth", Wilcomb E. Washburn. link


External links




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