Gizah ( , transliterated el-Gīzah) is
the third largest city in Egypt.
located on the west bank of the Nile river,
some 20 km southwest of central Cairo.
El-Kheima, Cairo and Helwan, the 4
cities form the Province of Greater Cairo metropolis.
- You may have been looking for the
Great Pyramid of
- For the three pyramids of Giza, visit the
- "Gizeh" redirects here. Gizeh is also a popular
brand in Germany of cigarette rolling papers; see Mascotte .
The city of Giza It is the
capital of the Giza Governorate
and is located near the northeast border of this governorate in
coordinates. It is located right on the banks of the River Nile
. The city's population was 2,681,863
in the 2006 national census, while the governate had 6,272,571 at
the same census. Its large population makes it the second
largest suburb in the world, tied with Incheon, Korea and
City, Philippines, second only to Yokohama, Japan.
most famous as the location of the Giza
Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient
monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred
structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples.
The plateau and its monuments have been recorded in the Giza
Plateau Mapping Project run by Ancient Egypt Research
, directed by Dr. Mark
. AERA's 2009 field season was recorded in a blog.
The Great Pyramid of Giza at one time was advocated (1884) as the
location for the Prime Meridian
reference point used for determining a base longitude.
Giza under the name of "Mn Nefer" -Memphis in Greek
- which means the Beautiful Wall in
Ancient Egyptian Language
was the Capital City of the first unified Egyptian state since the
days of Pharaoh King Narmer
". Giza's most
famous archaeological site, the Giza
, holds some of the most astonishing monuments
. Once thriving with the Nile that flowed right into the Giza Plateau, the
Giza were built overlooking the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, which was near modern day Cairo.
The Giza Plateau
is also home to many
other Ancient Egyptian
including the tomb of Pharaoh Djet
, as well as
that of Pharaoh Ninetjer
of the Second dynasty
Giza has seen some changes over time. Changes in infrastructure during the different
occupations of Egypt by various
rulers, including the British in the 18th
and early 20th century, focused on the construction of roads, streets, and buildings in the area.
Giza is a thriving
centre of Egyptian culture
quite heavily populated, with many facilities and buildings in the
current area. Giza saw much attention in particular to its vast
amount of ancient Egyptian monuments
found on the Giza Plateau
, and has astonished thousands of
visitors and tourists over the years. Giza's infrastructure
saw much attention from both the British government prior to the
1952 coup d'etat, as well as the current
Egyptian government due to the city's importance in tourism.
hosts the first zoo in entire African continent and one of the
oldest in the Mediterranean region, Giza
In addition, there are several parks, the
most famous among them is Orman Park
which means "Forest" in Turkish
Giza has advanced level of medical care just like its elder twin
Cairo.List of famous hospitals in Giza"
- Agooza in Agouza district.
- Al Salam in Mohandessin
- Badran in Dokki district.
- El Safa.
- Haram Hospital in Haram.
- El Shoruk Hospital.
- Cairo Medical Lab
In adition to hospitals there are numerous medical facilities,
private clinics, medical check labs...etc
Transportation in Giza comprises an extensive road network, rail
system, subway system, and maritime services. Road transport is
facilitated by personal vehicles, taxi cabs, privately-owned public
buses, and microbuses.
Giza shares with Cairo the subway system, officially called "Metro
(مترو)", is a fast and efficient way of getting around.
extensive road network connects Giza with 6th of
October City, Cairo and other cities.
There are flyovers,
and bridges such as the 15th of May bridge.Giza traffic is known to
be overwhelming and overcrowded.
Districts and Neighbourhoods of Giza
- Dokki District: 93,660 93,025
- Agouza District: 174,460 162,851
- Giza District: 180,568 246,325,
Kism Al Jizah 238,567 248,897
- Bulaq ad Dakrur: 453,884
- Imbabah: 287,357 389,049, Kism Imbabah 523,265
- Haram District200,076
- Kafr Tuhurmus
The centre of the city is Giza
Nile River Valley, the climate of Giza is of
climate, but often with high humidity due to the river valley's
Wind storms can be frequent, bringing Saharan dust
into the city during the months of
March and April. High temperatures in winter range from 12°C to
17°C, while night-time lows drop to below 7°C, often to 5°C and the
lowest recorder temperature was 0.8C . In summer, the highs rarely
surpass 40°C, and lows drop to about 20°C. Rainfall is sparse, but
sudden showers do cause harsh flooding.
Industries here include movies, chemicals, machinery and
cigarettes. In addition, Giza has many luxury apartment buildings
along the Nile, making it a popular place to live.
the city of Giza, which has its own Governorate adjacent to the governorate of
Cairo, is dependent on Cairo
Another local airport is found in Giza,
called Imbaba Airport
, but recently
the Egyptian government decided to shut down the area, and turn it
into a cultural or an athletic area.
learning institutions include the University of Cairo which was moved to Giza in 1924.
The city is
a hub of education and educational services not only for Egypt but
also for the Mediterranean
entirely. Giza has numerous educational schools,
kindergartens, and higher learning institutes.
hosts the second most successful club in Egypt and Africa, El Zamalek.
Which is located in Mit Oqba
Zamalek there are other clubs like El Tersana
which is one of the elite clubs in Egypt.
Giza Images gallery
Pyramids appear from
a hotel Haram
DistrictFile:Giza 18.jpg|Haram Street and the Giza
NeighbourhoodFile:Giza 22.jpg|The city of Giza as seen
TowerFile:Giza 23.jpg|Giza City as seen from its
elder twin CairoFile:Giza 27.jpg|One of Giza Hotels
File:Giza 51.jpg|Giza Zoo, Nahdet
Masr Statue and the boulevard which leads to Cairo
File:Giza, Mena palace 1.jpg|
Notes & references
- "The Giza Plateau Mapping Project", Lehner, Mark;
Hunt, Brian V. link
- "An archaeology blog from the Giza Pyramids in Egypt",
2009 Hunt, Brian V. link
- "The Canary Islands and the Question of the Prime Meridian:
The Search for Precision in the Measurement of the Earth",
Wilcomb E. Washburn. link