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Glee is an Americanmarker musical comedy-drama television series that airs on Fox. It focuses on a high school show choir (also known as a glee club), called "New Directions!", set within the fictional William McKinley High School in Lima, Ohiomarker. The pilot episode of the show was broadcast after American Idol on May 19, 2009, and the first season began airing on September 9, 2009. On September 21, 2009, Fox officially gave the series a full-season pick-up.

The show was created by Ryan Murphy, Brad Falchuk, and Ian Brennan, after being originally envisioned as a film rather than a TV series. Murphy selects all music featured within the series himself, and intends to maintain a balance between show tunes and chart hits. Songs covered in the show are released on iTunes during the week of broadcast, and a series of Glee albums will be released through Columbia Records, beginning with Glee: The Music, Volume 1, which was released on November 3, 2009. The music of Glee has been a commercial success, with over 2 million digital sales, though critics have criticized the show's use of auto-tune.

Critical response to the show has been generally positive. The New York Times' Alessandra Stanley highlighted the [[Pilot (Glee)|pilot episode's]] unoriginality and stereotyped characters, but praised the showmanship and talent of the cast. ''[[Daily News (New York)|The Daily News]]'''s David Hinckley opined that the show was imperfect and implausible but "potentially heartwarming", while ''[[USA Today]]'''s Robert Bianco noted casting and tone problems, but commented positively on the show's humor and musical performances. Mary McNamara for the ''[[Los Angeles Times]]'' wrote that the show had a wide audience appeal, calling it "the first show in a long time that's just plain full-throttle, no-guilty-pleasure-rationalizations-necessary fun." '''''Glee''''' will air its mid-season finale on [[December 9]], [[2009]] and have a 4-month hiatus before returning on [[April 13]], [[2010]] with the remaining 9 episodes of the season. ==Production== ===Conception=== ''Glee'' was created by [[Ryan Murphy (writer)|Ryan Murphy]], Brad Falchuk and Ian Brennan. Murphy drew inspiration from his childhood experience as a lead actor in all of his high school's musicals. Brennan and producer Mike Novick were also highly involved in their own schools' glee clubs. Brennan originally wrote a script for a ''Glee'' movie based on his own experiences at [[Prospect High School (Illinois)]],{{cite web |url=http://archives.chicagotribune.com/2009/sep/08/entertainment/chi-0908-brennan-glee-clubsep08 |title=“Glee Club” TV series creator uses Mt. Prospect high school for inspiration |last=Mastony |first=Colleen |date=September 8, 2009 |work=[[Chicago Tribune]] |accessdate=October 11, 2009}} but Murphy believed the concept would work better as a TV series. [[Fox Broadcasting Company|Fox]] picked up the series pilot within 15 hours of receiving the script, which Murphy attributes in part to the success of the network's ''[[American Idol]]'', commenting: "It made sense for the network with the biggest hit in TV, which is a musical, to do something in that vein". ''Glee'' is set in [[Ohio]]. Murphy chose a Midwest setting as he himself originates from [[Indiana]], and recalls childhood visits to Ohio to the [[Kings Island]] theme park.{{cite web |url=http://www.ohio.com/entertainment/44449937.html |title=The Heldenfiles — Glee-ful Ohio |last=Heldenfels |first=Rich |date=May 6, 2009 |work=[[Akron Beacon Journal]] |accessdate=June 2, 2009}} Although set in Lima, the show is actually filmed at [[Paramount Pictures|Paramount Studios]] in [[Hollywood, Los Angeles, California|Hollywood]].{{cite web |url=http://www.hollywoodthewriteway.com/2009/03/meet-cory-monteith-naya-rivera-of-glee.html |title=Meet Cory Monteith & Naya Rivera of Glee |last=Simpson |first=Melody |date=March 17, 2009 |work=Hollywood the Write Way |accessdate=June 3, 2009}} Although ''Glee'' has been compared to film series ''[[High School Musical]]'', Murphy has commented that he has never seen a ''High School Musical'' film, and that his interest lay in creating a "postmodern musical," rather than "doing a show where people burst into song," drawing more heavily on the format of ''[[Chicago (2002 film)|Chicago]]''. Murphy intended the show to be a form of escapism, explaining: "There's so much on the air right now about people with guns, or sci-fi, or lawyers running around. This is a different genre, there's nothing like it on the air at the networks and cable. Everything's so dark in the world right now, that's why ''Idol'' worked. It's pure escapism." With regard to ''Glee'''s audience, Murphy intended for it to be a family show which would appeal to adults as well as children, with adult characters starring equally alongside the teenage leads.{{cite web |url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117989408.html?categoryid=14&cs=1 |title=Fox greenlights 'Glee' pilot |last=Schneider |first=Michael |date=23 July, 2008 |work=[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]] |accessdate=May 31, 2009}} ===Music and choreography=== {{Main|Music of Glee|List of songs in Glee}} The series features covers of numerous songs sung on-screen by the characters. Musical segments typically take the form of performances, as opposed to the characters singing spontaneously, as the intention is for the series to remain reality-based.{{cite web|url=http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv/2009/05/18/2009-05-18_glee_puts_edgy_spin_on_top_40_tunes.html|title='Glee' puts edgy spin on Top 40 tunes|last=Kinon|first=Cristina|date=May 18, 2009|work=[[Daily News (New York)|The Daily News]]|accessdate=May 31, 2009}} Murphy is responsible for selecting all of the songs used, and strives to maintain a balance between show tunes and chart hits, as: "I want there to be something for everybody in every episode. That's a tricky mix, but that's very important — the balancing of that."{{cite web|url=http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-ca-glee26-2009apr26,0,7366573.story|title=Will TV audiences watch with 'Glee'?|last=Fernandez|first=Maria Elena|date=April 26, 2009|work=[[LA Times]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} Song choices are integral to script development, with Murphy explaining: "Each episode has a theme at its core. After I write the script, I will choose songs that help to move the story along."{{cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/12/business/media/12glee.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=glee%20high%20school%20musical&st=cse|title=From ‘Cabaret’ to Kanye, Songs of ‘Glee’ Are a Hit|last=Wyatt|first=Edward|date=October 11, 2009|work=[[New York Times]]|accessdate=2009-10-27}} Murphy was surprised at the ease with which use of songs was approved by the record labels approached, and explained: "I think the key to it is they loved the tone of it. They loved that this show was about optimism and young kids, for the most part, reinterpreting their classics for a new audience." Composer [[Billy Joel]] has offered many of his songs for use on the show,{{cite web|url=http://ca.eonline.com/uberblog/marc_malkin/b136549_afternoon_filled_with_glee.html|title=An Afternoon Filled With ''Glee''|last=Malkin|first=Marc|date=July 29, 2009|work=[[E! Online]]|accessdate=August 3, 2009}} singer [[Rihanna]] offered her single "[[Take a Bow (Rihanna song)|Take a Bow]]" for use at a reduced licensing rate, and other artists have offered use of their songs for free.{{cite web|url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117998492.html?|title='Glee' gets songs for free |last=Frankel|first=Daniel|date=January 13, 2009|work=[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]|accessdate=June 3, 2009}} [[Madonna (entertainer)|Madonna]] has granted the show rights to her entire catalogue, and a 2010 episode will feature Madonna performances exclusively.{{cite web|url=http://music-mix.ew.com/2009/10/21/glee-exlcusive-madonna-is-in-is-adam-lambert-next/|title='Glee' Exclusive: Madonna is on board! Is Adam Lambert next?|last=Stack|first=Tim|date=October 21, 2009|work=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|accessdate=2009-10-29}} There will be a series of ''Glee'' albums released through [[Columbia Records]]. The first, ''[[Glee: The Music, Volume 1]]'', was released on November 3, 2009.{{cite press release |url=http://www.foxflash.com/div.php/main/page?aID=1z2z1z25z1z8&ID=5295 |title="Glee: The Music, Volume 1", in stores November 3 |accessdate=2009-09-24|publisher=[[Fox Broadcasting Company]]}} Songs featured on the show are also available on [[iTunes]] immediately after each broadcast.{{cite news|url=http://www.eonline.com/uberblog/watch_with_kristin/b122127_spoiler_chat_trek_star_quinto_leaving.html |title=Spoiler Chat: Is Trek Star Quinto Leaving Heroes for Good? |last=Dos Santos|first=Kristin|publisher=[[E! Online]] |date=May 4, 2009 |accessdate=May 19, 2009}} The score of the show features [[a cappella]] covers of instrumental songs, provided in the [[Pilot (Glee)|pilot episode]] by [[The Swingle Singers]].{{cite web |url=http://www.swinglesingers.com/news/20090522/new-hit-show-glee-goes-a-cappella.html |title=New Hit Show "Glee" Goes A Cappella! |date=May 22, 2009 |work=[[The Swingle Singers]] |accessdate=June 14, 2009}} ''Glee'' is choreographed by Zach Woodlee, and features five to eight production numbers per episode. Once music rights are cleared, songs are arranged and pre-recorded by the cast. Woodlee constructs the accompanying dance moves, which are then taught to the cast and filmed. Numbers can take several weeks to prepare, depending on complexity. Each episode costs at least $3 million to produce, and can take up to 10 days to film as a result of the elaborate choreography.{{cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/17/arts/television/17wyat.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2&sq=glee&st=cse&scp=3|title=Not That High School Musical|last=Wyatt|first=Edward|date=May 15, 2009|work=[[The New York Times]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} ===Promotion=== Prior to the premiere of the second episode, the cast of ''Glee'' went on tour at several [[Hot Topic]] stores across the nation. The cast sang [[The Star-Spangled Banner|the national anthem]] at the third game of the [[2009 World Series]]. Originally, the cast were invited by [[Macy's]] to perform at the 2009 [[Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade]], but host broadcaster [[NBC]] rejected the plan due to ''Glee'' airing on a rival network.{{cite web|url=http://www.tmz.com/2009/10/12/glee-thanksgiving-parade-nbc-dumped/|title='Glee' cast dumped from Macy's parade|last=TMZ staff|date=2009-10-12|publisher=TMZ|accessdate=2009-11-05}}{{cite web|url=http://ca.eonline.com/uberblog/watch_with_kristin/b148513_glee_bumped_from_macys_parade.html|title=Glee Bumped From Macy's Parade|last=Dos Santos|first=Kristin|date=2009-10-12|publisher=E! Online|accessdate=2009-11-05}} Co-creator Ryan Murphy commented on the cast's exclusion: "I completely understand NBC's position, and look forward to seeing a [[Jay Leno]] float."{{cite web|url=http://news-briefs.ew.com/2009/10/13/glee-creator-ryan-murphy-responds-to-cast-being-pulled-from-macys-parade/|title='Glee' creator Ryan Murphy responds to cast being pulled from Macy's parade|first=Jennifer|last=Armstrong|date=October 13, 2009|work=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|accessdate=209-11-25}}. Due to the success of the show, the cast will go on a concert tour following first season wrap up. "We're going to do what ''American Idol'' has done and put the kids on the road," Murphy told the ''[[New York Post]]''.{{cite news | first=Natalie|last= Abrams | title= Executive Producer Says Glee Tour a Go| url=http://www.tvguide.com/News/Glee-Tour-Producer-1010886.aspx| work=[[TV Guide]]|accessdate=2009-11-25}} In addition, the cast recorded an exclusive cover of [[Wham!]]'s "[[Last Christmas]]" that will not be featured in the show.{{cite web|url=http://www.billboard.com/features/glee-rewrites-the-script-on-tv-music-1004030132.story#/features/glee-rewrites-the-script-on-tv-music-1004030132.story|title=Glee Rewrites the Script on TV Music|publisher=[[Billboard.com]]|first=Monica|last=Herrera|date=October 23, 2009|accessdate=2009-11-25}} ===DVD releases=== ''[[List of Glee episodes#DVD releases|Glee - Pilot Episode: Director's Cut]]'' was released on [[Region 1]] DVD in the US on September 1, 2009, exclusively to [[Walmart]].{{cite web|url=http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/Glee-Pilot-Episode-Directors-Cut/12628|title=Glee - Exclusively at Walmart, Fox Announces a Pilot Episode: Director's Cut DVD|last=Lambert|first=David|date=September 4, 2009|publisher=TV Shows on DVD|accessdate=30 November 2009}} It was released on [[Region 4]] DVD in Australia on November 25, 2009.{{cite web|url=http://www.jbhifionline.com.au/dvd/dvd-genres/tv/glee-pilot-episode-director-s-cut/460117|title="Glee (Pilot Episode: Director's Cut)"|publisher=JB Hi-Fi Online|accessdate=2009-10-14}} The DVD included an advanced preview of the episode "[[Showmance]]", plus a deconstruction of the series by creator [[Ryan Murphy (writer)|Ryan Murphy]]. ''[[List of Glee episodes#DVD releases|Glee - Volume 1: Road to Sectionals]]'' contains the first thirteen episodes of ''Glee'' season one. It will be released as a four-disc [[box set]] on Region 1 DVD in the US on December 29, 2009.{{cite web|url=http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/Glee-Season-1-Volume-1/12780|title="Glee DVD news: Official Announcement for Glee — Season 1, Volume 1: Road to the Sectionals"|first=David|last=Lambert|publisher=TV Shows on DVD|date=October 7, 2009|accessdate=2009-10-07}} Special features include full length audition pieces from the [[Pilot (Glee)|pilot episode]] by [[Lea Michele]] as [[Rachel Berry]] and [[Amber Riley]] as [[Mercedes Jones]], plus casting and choreography featurettes.{{cite web|url=http://www.amazon.com/Glee-Vol-One-Road-Sectionals/dp/B002AMVEF6/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=dvd&qid=1259553277&sr=1-1|title=Glee, Vol. One: Road to Sectionals (2009) |publisher=[[Amazon.com]]|accessdate=30 November 2009}} ==Cast and characters== {{Main|Characters of Glee|List of Glee cast members}} ''Glee'' features 12 major roles with [[Billing (filmmaking)|star billing]]. [[Matthew Morrison]] plays [[Will Schuester]], McKinley High's Spanish teacher who becomes director of the Glee Club, hoping to restore it to its former glory.{{cite web|url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2009-05-17-matthew-morrison_N.htm|title=Broadway star Morrison gets all keyed up for 'Glee'|last=Carter|first=Kelley L.|date=May 18, 2009|work=[[USA Today]]|publisher=[[Gannett Company]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} [[Jane Lynch]] is [[Sue Sylvester]], head coach of the cheerleading squad or "Cheerios", and the Glee Club's arch-nemesis. [[Jayma Mays]] appears as [[Emma Pillsbury]], the school's [[mysophobia|mysophobic]] [[guidance counselor]] who has feelings for Will, and [[Jessalyn Gilsig]] plays [[Terri Schuester]], Will's demanding and [[amoralism|amoral]] wife of five years.{{cite web|url=http://blogs.nypost.com/popwrap/archives/2009/05/glee_cast_interview.html|title=Meet The Cast of 'Glee,' I Did!|last=Wieselman|first=Jarett|date=May 19, 2009|pages=[[New York Post]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} [[File:Cory Monteith 2009.jpg|thumb|left|Cory Monteith plays Finn, a character forced to balance his dreams and expectations.]] [[Lea Michele]] plays [[Rachel Berry]], talented star of the Glee Club who is often bullied by the Cheerios and football players. [[Cory Monteith]] plays [[Finn Hudson]], star quarterback of the school's football team who risks alienation by his friends to join the Glee Club. Also in the club are [[Amber Riley]] as [[Mercedes Jones]], a fashion-conscious diva who resents having to sing back-up; [[Chris Colfer]] as [[Kurt Hummel]], a gay male [[soprano]]http://www.fox.com/glee/bios/kurt-hummel.htm who is bullied by the football team; [[Kevin Michael McHale|Kevin McHale]] as [[Artie Abrams]], an [[electric guitar]] player and paraplegic; and [[Jenna Ushkowitz]] as [[Tina Cohen-Chang]], an Asian-American gothic student with a fake [[speech impediment]]. [[Mark Salling]] plays [[Puck Puckerman|Noah "Puck" Puckerman]], a friend of Finn's on the football team who at first disapproves of Finn joining the Glee Club, but later joins the Glee Club himself. [[Dianna Agron]] plays [[Quinn Fabray]], Finn's girlfriend, who was the head of the Cheerios and [[celibacy]] club until Sue cut her; she also later joins the club and is pregnant with Puck's baby, but in order to maintain her relationship with Finn, claims it to be Finn's, even though they never had sex. Recurring roles include [[Patrick Gallagher (actor)|Patrick Gallagher]] as Ken Tanaka, head coach of the football team who is in love with Emma, [[Iqbal Theba]] as Principal Figgins, the high school's unenthusiastic principal, and [[Stephen Tobolowsky]] as Sandy Ryerson, Will's Glee Club directing predecessor, who was fired for inappropriate behavior towards male students. Naya Rivera plays Santana Lopez, a competitive member of the Cheerios,{{cite web|url=http://starrymag.com/content.asp?ID=4317&CATEGORY=INTERVIEWS|title=Naya Rivera — Filled With Glee|last=Steinberg|first=Jamie|date=May 2009|publisher=Starry Constellation Magazine|accessdate=June 2, 2009}} and Brittany, played by Heather Elizabeth Morris, completes the featured triumvirate of Cheerios. [[Harry Shum, Jr]]. and Dijon Talton appear as Mike Chang and Matt Rutherford, football players who join the Glee Club in the [[Preggers (Glee)|fourth episode]]. A regular 'background' performer is an ever silent teacher/piano accompanist played by [[Brad Ellis]] (Rachel calls him Brad in the episode "[[Ballad (Glee)|Ballad]]"), who in reality is a member of the show's music production team. The show features [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] stars in recurring or minor roles, including [[John Lloyd Young]] as "a retired wood shop teacher with an excellent singing voice",{{cite news |url=http://www.playbill.com/news/article/126078.html |title=Tony Winner Lloyd Young to Guest on New Fox Series "GLEE" |first=Andrew |last=Gans |publisher=[[Playbill]] |date=February 8, 2009 |accessdate=May 19, 2009}} [[Victor Garber]] as Will's father,{{cite web|url=http://www.playbill.com/news/article/126951-Tony_Winners_Chenoweth_Garber_and_Monk_Join_Cast_of_Fox's_Glee|title=Tony Winners Chenoweth, Garber, and Monk Join Cast of Fox's Glee|first=Andrew|last=Gans|date= March 4, 2009|publisher=[[Playbill]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} and [[Debra Monk]] as Will's mother. [[Kristin Chenoweth]] plays April Rhodes, a former member of the Glee Club who never finished high school and ended up hitting rock bottom,{{cite news |url=http://blogs.nypost.com/popwrap/archives/2009/04/kristin_chenoweth_new_book_interview.html |title=Kristin Chenoweth Becomes a Quadruple Threat |first=Jarett |last=Wieselman |publisher=[[New York Post]] |date=April 20, 2009 |accessdate=May 19, 2009}} and [[Josh Groban]] appears as himself.{{cite web|url=http://www.eonline.com/uberblog/watch_with_kristin/b124391_time_get_happy_with_cast_of_glee.html|title=Time to Get Happy with the Cast of ''Glee''|first=Natalie|last=Abrams|publisher=[[E! Online]]|date=18 May, 2009|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} Other guest stars include [[Mike O'Malley]] as Kurt's father, whom Kurt comes out to in the episode "[[Preggers (Glee)|Preggers]]";{{cite news |url=http://popwatch.ew.com/2009/09/24/glee-recap-kurt-comes-out-a-winner/ |title="'Glee' recap: Kurt comes out a winner!" |first=Tim |last=Stack |publisher=[[Entertainment Weekly|PopWatch.EW.com]] |date=September 24, 2009 |accessdate=October 25, 2009}} [[Sarah Drew]] as Suzy Pepper, a senior with a crush on her teacher;{{cite web|url=http://ausiellofiles.ew.com/2009/05/casting-scoops.html|title=Casting scoops on 'Glee,' 'Greek,' 'BSG,' and more!|last=Ausiello|first=Michael|date=May 28, 2009|publisher=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} [[Michael Hitchcock]] as the Haverbrook School for the Deaf choir director Dalton Rumba, {{cite web|url=http://ausiellofiles.ew.com/category/glee/|title=Ask Assuiello: Spoilers on Lost, House, Heroes, Smallville and More|first=Michael|last=Ausiello|work=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|date=July 2, 2009|accessdate=2009-11-30}} and [[Eve (entertainer)|Eve]], who was cast after [[Whitney Houston]] declined to appear.{{cite web|url=http://ausiellofiles.ew.com/2009/06/exclusive-eve-joining-glee-club-for-arc|title=Exclusive: Eve joining 'Glee' club for arc|first=Michael|last=Ausiello|work=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|date=June 23, 2009|accessdate=2009-08-25}} Another guest star will be [[Jonathan Groff]], who will play the male lead in the rival glee club Vocal Adrenaline.{{cite news |url=http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv/2009/10/20/2009-10-20_broadway_star_jonathan_groff_to_join_cast_of_fox_musical_comedy_glee.html |title="Broadway star Jonathan Groff to join cast of Fox musical comedy 'Glee'" |first=Cristina |last=Kinon |publisher=[[NY Daily News|NYDailyNews.com]] |date=October 20, 2009 |accessdate=October 25, 2009}} ===Casting=== [[File:Matthew Morrison 2009.jpg|thumb|right|Morrison was cast after Murphy spent three months observing actors on Broadway.]] In casting ''Glee'', Murphy sought out actors who could identify with the rush of starring in theatrical roles. Instead of using traditional network casting calls, he spent three months on Broadway, where he found Morrison (Will Schuester), who had previously starred on stage in ''[[Hairspray (musical)|Hairspray]]'', ''[[The Light in the Piazza (musical)|The Light in the Piazza]]'', and the Broadway revival of ''[[South Pacific (musical)|South Pacific]]''; Michele (Rachel Berry), who starred in ''[[Spring Awakening]]''; and Ushkowitz, who had been in the Broadway revival of ''[[The King and I]]''. Colfer had no previous professional experience, but so impressed the casting director that even though he did not fit any of the roles then being cast, the casting director asked Murphy to see him with an eye to possibly fitting him into the show in the future. Murphy was so taken with Colfer that he created the role of Kurt Hummel for him.{{cite news |url=http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-ca-gleestage26-2009apr26,0,1653470.story |title=Video: 'Glee' team rewrites the school musical |first=Denise |last=Martin |publisher=[[Los Angeles Times]] |date=April 26, 2009 |accessdate=May 19, 2009}} Auditioning actors with no theatrical experience were required to prove they could sing and dance as well as act. Mays (Emma Pillsbury) auditioned with the song "Touch-a, Touch-a, Touch-a, Touch Me" from ''[[The Rocky Horror Show]]'', while Monteith (Finn Hudson) initially submitted a tape of himself acting and playing "drums" with a set of tupperware and glasses. He was requested to submit a second, musical tape, in which he sang "a cheesy, '80s music-video-style version" of [[REO Speedwagon]]'s "[[Can't Fight This Feeling]]"." McHale (Artie Abrams) came from a boy-band background, having previously been part of the group [[Not Like Them]]. He explained that the diversity of the cast's backgrounds reflects the range of different musical styles within the show itself: "It's a mix of everything: classic rock, current stuff, R&B. Even the musical theatre stuff is switched up. You won't always recognize it." Jane Lynch (Sue Sylvester) was originally supposed to have a recurring role in the show,{{cite web |url=http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/television/news/e3i360cdd62fc9ca5a8b570d3d12fce11cb |title=Trio promoted to series regulars |first=Nellie |last=Andreeva |publisher=[[The Hollywood Reporter]] |date=April 23, 2009 |accessdate=May 20, 2009}} but became a series regular when a [[Damon Wayans]] [[pilot episode|pilot]] she was working on for [[ABC (network)|ABC]] fell through.{{cite web|url=http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/18/jane-lynch-brings-her-inner-mean-girl-to-glee/|title=Jane Lynch Brings Her Inner Mean Girl to ‘Glee’|last=Itzkoff|first=David|date=May 18, 2009|work=[[The New York Times]]|accessdate=May 31, 2009}} ==Episodes== {{main|List of Glee episodes}} The first season of ''Glee'' will consist of 22 episodes. The [[Pilot (Glee)|pilot episode]] was broadcast on May 19, 2009. The series returned on September 9, 2009, airing on Wednesdays in the 9:00 P.M. timeslot until December 9, 2009. On September 21, 2009, a further nine episodes of the first season were ordered by [[Fox Broadcasting Company|Fox]],{{cite press release |url=http://www.thefutoncritic.com/news.aspx?id=20090921fox01 |title=Fox sings praises of "Glee" with full-season pickup |publisher= The Futon Critic|date=September 21, 2009|accessdate=2009-10-01}} which will air from April 13, 2010, with the show moving to Tuesday evenings.{{cite press release |url=http://www.foxflash.com/div.php/main/page?aID=1z2z1z25z1z8&ID=5454|title=Fox Announces 2009-2010 Midseason Schedule|date=November 24, 2009 |accessdate=2009-11-25|publisher=[[Fox Broadcasting Company]]}} ==Reception== ===Critical reception=== ''Glee'' has received generally favorable reviews, with a [[Metacritic]] score of 77 out of 100, based on 18 critic reviews.{{cite web|url=http://www.metacritic.com/tv/shows/gleeseason1|title=Glee Season One|publisher=[[Metacritic]]|accessdate=25 November 2009}} Reviewing the [[Pilot (Glee)|pilot episode]], Alessandra Stanley for the ''[[New York Times]]'' called the show "blissfully unoriginal in a witty, imaginative way", saying the characters are "high school archetypes" but noting "a strong satiric pulse that doesn’t diminish the characters' identities or dim the showmanship of a talented cast".{{cite web |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/19/arts/television/19glee.html?_r=1&ref=television |title=Motley Crew of School Misfits Sings, and Annoys the Cool Kids |first=Alessandra |last=Stanley| publisher=[[The New York Times]] |date=May 18, 2009 |accessdate=May 20, 2009}} ''The Daily News''' David Hinckley wrote that the show "isn't close to perfect" but "has likable characters, a good sense of humor and a reasonably deft touch with music."{{cite web |url=http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv/2009/05/19/2009-05-19_singing_fills_these_students_with_glee.html |title=Singing fills these students with 'Glee' |last=Hinckley|first=David|date=May 19, 2009 |work=[[Daily News (New York)|The Daily News]] |accessdate=May 31, 2009}} ''[[USA Today]]'''s Robert Bianco assessed: "There's a lot to like here: the exuberance of the musical numbers, the bite to the comedy and the joy of seeing something different. It has casting and tone problems, but it has all summer to fix them."{{cite web|url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/television/reviews/May 25, 2009-fall-tv-potential_N.htm|title=Where's the potential in fall TV?|last=Bianco|first=Robert|date=May 26, 2009|work=[[USA Today]]|publisher=[[Gannett Company]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} Mary McNamara for the ''[[Los Angeles Times]]'' called ''Glee'': "the first show in a long time that's just plain full-throttle, no-guilty-pleasure-rationalizations-necessary fun."{{cite web|url=http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-et-glee19-2009may19,0,3088358.story|title='Glee' on Fox|last=McNamara|first=Mary|date=May 19, 2009|work=[[Los Angeles Times]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} She opined that overall: "The music, though by no means edgy, is energetic with a wide audience appeal, like the show itself. [[File:Jayma Mays 2009.jpg|thumb|right|''Variety'''s Brian Lowry said that [[Jayma Mays|Mays]] as Emma offered "modest redemption" to an adult cast of "over-the-top buffoons".]] ''[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]'''s Brian Lowry was critical of the show's early episodes, highlighting acting and characterization issues and deeming the adult cast "over-the-top buffoons", with the exception of Mays' Emma, who he felt offered "modest redemption".{{cite web|url=http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117940256.html?categoryid=32&cs=1|title=Glee|last=Lowry|first=Brian|date=May 14, 2009|work=[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]|accessdate=June 3, 2009}} Though he praised Colfer and Michele's performances, Lowry wrote that the show's talent was squandered by its "jokey, cartoonish, wildly uneven tone",{{cite web|url=http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117940959.html?categoryid=32&cs=1&nid=2562|title=Glee |last=Lowry|first=Brian|date=September 5, 2009|work=[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]|accessdate=2009-09-06}} deeming the series a "one-hit wonder", and concluding: "Given its merits and unique attributes, there’s a strong desire to root for ''Glee'' in spite of its failings. But the bottom line is that to survive, given its high costs and the nagging doubts about whether network audiences will buy into a musical -- a genre with a shaky TV track record -- the show’s going to have to croon a tune a helluva lot better than this." Of ''Glee''{{'s}} characters and cast, [[Jane Lynch]] as [[Sue Sylvester]] has been particularly well received. McNamara for the ''Los Angeles Times'' has written that "Lynch alone makes ''Glee'' worth watching".{{cite web|url=http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-et-glee19-2009may19,0,3088358.story|title='Glee' on Fox|last=McNamara|first=Mary|date=May 19, 2009|work=[[LA Times]]|accessdate=June 1, 2009}} Raymund Flandez for ''[[The Wall Street Journal]]'' and Liz Pardue of [[Zap2it]] have both opined that Lynch gives [[Emmy award]]-worthy performances in the role,{{cite web|url=http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2009/10/15/glee-season-1-episode-7-tv-recap/|title=“Glee” Season 1, Episode 7: TV Recap|last=Flandez|first=Raymund|date=October 15, 2009|work=[[The Wall Street Journal]]|accessdate=2009-10-27}}{{cite web|url=http://blog.zap2it.com/ithappenedlastnight/2009/10/glee-jane-lynch-had-better-get-an-emmy-for-this.html|title='Glee': Jane Lynch had better get an Emmy for this|last=Pardue|first=Liz|date=October 14, 2009|publisher=[[Zap2it]]|accessdate=2009-10-27}} while Wendy Mitchell of ''[[Entertainment Weekly]]'' has called her possibly "the sharpest-tongued character on network TV."{{cite web|url=http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20312404,00.html|title='Glee' recap: Minority Rules |last=Mitchell|first=Wendy|date=October 15, 2009|work=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|accessdate=2009-10-27}} Fellow ''Entertainment Weekly'' writer Ken Tucker has similarly praised Sue, calling her "the greatest [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]]-musical villain to ever co-star in a TV series".{{cite web|url=http://watching-tv.ew.com/2009/10/14/glee-pregnancy-subplot/|title='Glee': Unwanted pregnancy?|last=Tucker|first=Ken|date=October 14, 2009|work=[[Entertainment Weekly]]|accessdate=2009-10-27}} Conversely, [[Jessalyn Gilsig]] as [[Terri Schuester]] has been poorly received by critics. The ''[[Chicago Tribune]]'''s Maureen Ryan has called Terri the "the worst thing about Glee", opining: "As written by Murphy and played by Gilsig, the character is screechy, unfunny and deeply unpleasant. It's as if Ryan didn't trust that the audience would get behind Will and the saga of his ragtag glee club and so saw fit to give the teacher the shrewish, nagging wife from hell." While Tucker of Entertainment Weekly has expressed similar dislike for Terri, he has commented: "By now [...] I watch Glee and feel sorry for Jessalyn Gilsig. I’ll bet the actress didn’t initially sign on to have her character Terri become a shrill, lying nag whose main function is to bring husband Will — and by extension, us — down."

After the episode "Showmance", the conservative Parents Television Council named Glee the 'Worst Show of the Week', calling it "an edgy, sexually-charged adult series that is inappropriate for teenagers". Nancy Gibbs of Time magazine wrote that she had heard the series described as "anti-Christian" by a youth minister, and agreed:

However, Gibbs opined: "It insults kids to suggest that simply watching Characters Behaving Badly onscreen means they'll take that as permission to do the same themselves. [...] And it's set in high school, meaning it's about a journey not just to college and career but to identity and conviction, the price of popularity, the compromises we must make between what we want and what we need."

The show's musical performances have been a commercial success, with over two million copies of Glee cast single releases purchased on iTunes. The cast performance of "Don't Stop Believin' was certified gold in November 2009, achieving over 500,000 digital sales. The series' cover versions have also had a positive effect on the original recording artists, with sales of Rihanna's "Take a Bow" increasing by 189 per cent after the song was covered in the Glee episode "Showmance". However, there has also been critical condemnation of the cast performances, with Jon Dolan for Rolling Stone commenting that Matthew Morrison "couldn't rap his way out of a 98° rehearsal", and Allmusic's Andrew Leahey opining that Cory Monteith and Dianna Agron "can't sing nearly as well as their co-stars". E! Online's Joal Ryan has criticized the show for its "overproduced soundtrack", in particular, complaining that many songs rely too heavily on the pitch correcting software auto-tune, noting: "For every too-brief moment of Lea Michele sounding raw—and lovely—on a "What a Girl Wants," or Monteith singing a perfectly credible REO Speedwagon in the shower, there's Michele and Monteith sounding like 1990s-era Cher on "No Air," or Monteith sounding like the Monteith XRZ-200 on the out-of-the-shower version of "Can't Fight This Feeling".

Fandom

Fans of Glee are commonly referred to as "gleeks", a portmanteau of "glee" and "geek". Fox ran a "Biggest GLEEK" competition, measuring fans' Glee-related activity on social networking websites such as Facebook and MySpace, and found that the growth of the fanbase outpaced the network's science-fiction shows. The cast's Hot Topic tour was titled "The Gleek Tour".

Awards and nominations

Glee was nominated for three 2009 Teen Choice Awards: Choice TV: Breakout Series, Choice TV: Breakout Star Male (Cory Monteith), and Choice TV: Breakout Star Female (Lea Michele). In November 2009, the cast received the 2009 Diversity Award for favorite new diverse ensemble cast.

U.S. ratings

Season Timeslot (EST) Season Premiere Season Finale TV Season Rank Viewers

(in millions)
1st Wednesday 9:00 P.M. (May 19, 2009–December 9, 2009)

Tuesday 9:00 P.M.
(April 13, 2010—)
September 9, 2009 TBA 2009 - 2010 TBA 7.34 (to date)


Season 1

Order Episode Rating/share Rating/share

(18-49)
Viewers

(millions)
Rank

(Timeslot)
Rank

(Night)
1 "Pilot" 5.6/9 4.3/11 9.62 3 6
2 "Showmance" 4.6/7 3.4/9 7.31 2 3
3 "Acafellas" 4.2/7 3.1/8 6.64 2 3
4 "Preggers" 4.1/7 3.1/8 6.63 5 11
5 "The Rhodes Not Taken" 4.4/7 3.3/9 7.40 5 9
6 "Vitamin D" 4.5/7 3.3/9 7.28 5 6
7 "Throwdown" 4.5/7 3.4/9 7.65 5 6
8 "Mash-Up" 4.4/7 3.2/8 7.24 5 7
9 "Wheels" 4.4/7 3.4/9 7.53 4 7
10 "Ballad" 4.3/7 3.3/9 7.36 4 8
11 "Hairography" 3.7/6 2.5/7 6.10 4 7
12 "Mattress" TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA
13 "Sectionals" TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA


International syndication

In Canada, Glee airs on Global. The premiere was on September 9, 2009, a week after its original airing on Fox. Throughout the remainder of the season, the show will air at 9 PM on Wednesdays in simulcast with Fox. In Australia, Glee airs 7:30pm Sundays on Network Ten. The director's cut piloted on September 17, 2009. Actors from Glee flew to Australia to promote the show. In the Summer, it will take the timeslot of Sundays 7:30pm, previously taken by Australian Idol. Occasional repeats and new episodes will air throughout Summer.. In the Philippinesmarker, Glee premiered on ETC Entertainment Central on September 15, 2009. It airs on ETC on Tuesdays at 10:00PM, and on ETC's sister network, Jack TV on Monday at 8:00 PM. In Latin America, Glee airs on FOX Latin America since November 4, 2009. In Brazilmarker, Glee airs on FOX Brasil (Portuguese dubbed) and FOX Brasil HD (subtitled). The pilot episode aired on September 5, 2009. TV3 in Irelandmarker has announced Glee as part of its 2009/2010 schedule. Glee premiered on TV3 in New Zealandmarker on November 6, 2009. In the United Kingdommarker, the Glee pilot will air on E4 on 15 December 2009, with a full series launch in January 2010. In South Africa, Glee premiered on Pay TV Network M-Net on October 4, 2009 at 6:00pm. Fox decided to beam the episodes directly to the broadcast center in Johannesburgmarker rather than delivering the tapes. It was decided that the new way was more efficient for both the broadcasters and for the viewers receiving up-to-date series from America.

References

  1. http://www.tvtonight.com.au/wp-content/uploads/6-December-2009-ATV.pdf


External links




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