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Gold Coast Historic District (Chicago, Illinois): Map

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The Gold Coast Historic District is a historic district in Chicago, Illinoismarker. Part of Chicago's Near North Sidemarker community area, it is roughly bounded by North Avenue, Lake Shore Drivemarker, Oak Street, and Clark Street.

The Gold Coast neighborhood grew in the wake of the Great Chicago Fire. In 1882, millionaire Potter Palmer moved to the area from the Prairie Avenuemarker neighborhood on the city's south side. He filled in a swampy area which later became Lake Shore Drive, and built the Palmer Mansionmarker, a forty-two room castle-like structure designed by Henry Ives Cobb and Charles Sumner Frost. Other wealthy Chicagoans followed Potter into the neighborhood, which became one of the richest in Chicago.

In the late 1980s, the Gold Coast and neighboring Streetervillemarker comprised the second most-affluent neighborhood in the United Statesmarker, behind Manhattanmarker's Upper East Sidemarker. Today, the neighborhood is a mixture of mansions, row houses, and high-rise apartments. Highlights include the Astor Street Districtmarker and the James Charnley Housemarker.

The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

The Consulate-General of Poland in Chicagomarker is located at 1530 North Lake Shore Drive.

Photos

Image:Gold Coast from Lake Shore Drive.jpg|Gold Coast from Streetervillemarker on Lake Shore DrivemarkerImage:1224DearbornChicago.jpg|Luxury condominiums on Dearborn Street in the Gold Coast

Image:49EastDivisionChicago.jpg|Townhomes on East Division Street in the Gold Coast

Notes

  1. Don DeBat and Gary S. Meyers. "Manhattan transfer–Streeterville and the Gold Coast : Second plushest neighborhood in U.S. has it all". Chicago Sun-Times. January 13, 1989. 15.
  2. National Register of Historic Places in Cook County. Retrieved on June 12, 2008.
  3. " General Info." Consulate-General of Poland in Chicago. Retrieved on January 31, 2009.


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