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The Golden Globe Awards are presented annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) to recognize outstanding achievements in the entertainment industry, both domestic and foreign, and to focus wide public attention upon the best in motion pictures and television. The formal ceremony and dinner at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year with the Academy Awards.

The 1st Golden Globe Awards were held in January 1944 at the 20th Century Fox studios in Los Angelesmarker. The 66th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 2008, were presented on January 11, 2009 at the Beverly Hilton Hotelmarker in Beverly Hills, Californiamarker, where they have been held annually since 1961.

Ceremony

The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to more than 150 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars and the Grammy Awards. Unlike the Oscars, the Grammys and the Emmy Awards, the Golden Globe Awards is one of two major Hollywoodmarker awards ceremonies, the other being the Screen Actors Guild Awards, that does not have a regular host; there is a different presenter every year, who introduces the ceremony at the beginning of the broadcast.

History

The first Golden Globe Awards were held in 1944, at the 20th Century Fox studios. It has since been held annually, at various locations. Throughout the next decade, it was held at the Beverly Hills Hotelmarker, and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotelmarker.

In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. To give importance to the award and recognize its subject as an international figure in the entertainment industry, the initial award was presented to director and producer Cecil B. DeMille. The official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award.

In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced. In its inaugural year there were two Miss Golden Globes, one for film and one for television. They were respectively, Eva Six of Beach Party and Operation Bikini, and Donna Douglas.

In 1964, national telecast was distributed through a special segment on The Andy Williams Show.

Recognizing the impact that animated films have had on the industry, in 2006, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association announced that a Golden Globe would be awarded for the Best Animated Feature at the 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards.

The awards show income has enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals.

2008 disruption

On January 7, 2008, it was announced that due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, the 65th Golden Globe Awards would not be telecast live. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event and by actors, threatening to boycott the ceremony, rather than cross picket lines. The Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast.

NBC originally had exclusive broadcast rights to the ceremonies, but on January 11, HFPA President Jorge Camara announced there would be no restrictions placed on media outlets covering the January 13 press conference, announcing the winners at 6:00pm PST. As a result, E!, CNN, the TV Guide Network and KNBC-TVmarker, the network's Los Angelesmarker affiliate, aired the 31-minute event, emanating from the Grand Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton Hotel live, leaving NBC to fill the hour from 9:00–10:00pm ET with announcements, made after-the-fact by Access Hollywood hosts Billy Bush and Nancy O'Dell. The remaining hours of programming, set aside for the ceremonies by the network, were filled with a special two-hour edition of Dateline, hosted by Matt Lauer, that included film clips, interviews with some of the nominees and commentary from comedienne Kathy Griffin and the panelists from Football Night in America.

Award categories

Motion picture awards



Television awards

Awarded since 1956:

Retired awards



Performers with the most Golden Globes

Meryl Streep, Angela Lansbury and Jack Nicholson hold the record for the most Golden Globe wins with six each. Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations with twenty-three and Jack Lemmon is second with twenty-two. However, including special awards, such as the Henrietta Award - World Film Favorite Actor/Actress or Cecil B. DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand would win with 11 awards and behind her, Jack Nicholson, with seven.

Only four actresses have won two acting awards in the same year:

Posthumous awards and nominations

Only three actors have won the award posthumously:
  • 1976: Peter Finch won the award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture Drama for his role in Network.
  • 1994: Raúl Juliá won the award for Best Actor in a Miniseries or Television Film for his role in The Burning Season.
  • 2009: Heath Ledger won the award for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture for his role in The Dark Knight.


Controversy

Pia Zadora won a Golden Globe in 1981 in the category "Newcomer-of-the-Year" for her performance in Butterfly. There were accusations that the Foreign Press Association members had been bought off. Pia's husband, multimillionaire Meshulam Riklis flew voting members to his casino, the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegasmarker, which gives the appearance that they voted for Zadora to repay this. Riklis also invited voting members to his house for a lavish lunch, and a showing of the film. He also spent lavishly on advertising.

Additionally the film had not been released at the time of the awards, which should have made her ineligible for an award.

Ratings

Date Time Aired Day Aired Network Viewers

2009-01-11 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 14,600,600

2008-01-13 9-10:00PM Sunday NBC 6,038,000 *^

2007-01-15 8-11:00PM Monday NBC 20,036,000 *

2006-01-16 8-11:00PM Monday NBC 18,765,000 *

2005-01-16 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 16,845,000 (against Desperate Housewives)

2004-01-25 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 26,803,000

2003-01-19 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 20,097,000

2002-01-20 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 23,451,000

2001-01-21 8-11:01PM Sunday NBC 22,493,000

2000-01-23 8-11:04PM Sunday NBC 22,107,000

1999-01-24 8-11:07PM Sunday NBC 24,180,000

  • Note: Live+Same Day viewing estimates include DVR playback on the same day, defined as 3AM-3AM.
^ Note: In 2008, the Golden Globes was a press conference only, due to the “Writer’s Strike”.

Source: Nielsen Media Research

See also



References

  1. Butler, Don. "Beverly Hilton recaptures lustre of its glory days", Regina Leader-Post, May 9, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2009. "And the Golden Globe Awards have been handed out in its swanky International Ballroom since 1961."
  2. Listing of Henrietta Award winners
  3. http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Golden_Globes_USA/1982
  4. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0082122/
  5. http://cdn.goldenglobes.org/resources/FF-rules_66.pdf


External links




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