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Goldsboro is a city in Wayne Countymarker, North Carolinamarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 37,597 at the 2008 census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Goldsboro, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. Founded in 1787, incorporated in 1847, it is the county seat of Wayne Countymarker . The city is situated in the North Carolina's Coastal Plain and is bordered on the south by the Neuse Rivermarker and the west by the Little River, about 35 miles southwest of Greenvillemarker and 55 miles southeast of Raleighmarker, the state capital and 87 miles from Southeast of Wilmingtonmarker the Southeastern North Carolina. Goldsboro is best known as home to Seymour Johnson Air Force Basemarker.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census, there were 39,043 people, 14,630 households, and 19,465 families residing in the city. The population density was 708.1/km² (1,574.9/mi²). There were 19,372 housing units at an average density of 255.0/km² (660.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.04% White, 52.24% African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.44% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.69% of the population.

There were 14,630 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 20.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males. Because of the warm climate, low cost of living, and proximity of Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, many military retirees live in the area.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,456, and the median income for a family was $34,844. Males had a median income of $26,223 versus $21,850 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,614. About 15.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

History

Around 1787, when Wayne Countymarker was formed, a town named Waynesborough grew around the county's courthouse. Located on the east bank of the Neuse Rivermarker, the town became the county seat. Population growth in Waynesborough continued through the 1830s, however this changed once the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad was completed in the early 1840s. By then, a hotel had been built at the intersection of the railroad and New Bernmarker Road, which grew into a community after the train started to transport passengers from there.

More and more citizens soon relocated from Waynesborough to this growing village, named eventually "Goldsborough's Junction" after Major Matthew T. Goldsborough, an Assistant Chief Engineer with the railroad line. Later this was shortened simply to Goldsborough. In 1847, the town was incorporated and became the new Wayne County seat.

In the following decades, Goldsborough's growth continued in part by new railroad connections to Charlottemarker and Beaufortmarker. By 1861, the town's population was estimated to be 1,500.

Because of its importance as railroad junction, Goldsborough played a significant role in the Civil War, for both stationing Confederate troops as well as transporting their supplies. The town also provided hospitals for soldiers wounded in nearby battles.

In December 1862, the Battle of Goldsborough Bridge was waged, in which both sides fought for possession of the strategically significant Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge. Union General John Foster arrived with his troops on December 17, aiming to destroy this bridge in order to put an end to the vital supply chain from the port of Wilmingtonmarker. He succeeded on that same day, his troops overpowering the small amount of defending Confederate soldiers, and burning down the bridge. On their way back to New Bern, Foster's men were attacked again by Confederate troops, but they survived the attack with less casualties than the enemy.

Goldsborough was once more the scene of a Union offensive in 1865, during Union General Sherman's Carolinas Campaign. After the battles of Bentonville and Wyse Fork, Sherman's forces met with the armies of Schofield, their troops taking over the city in March. During the following three weeks, Goldsborough was occupied by over 100,000 Union soldiers. After the war was over, some of these troops continued to stay in the city.

In 1869, the spelling of the city was officially changed to Goldsboro.

The Seymour Johnson Air Force Basemarker opened on the outskirts of Goldsboro in April 1942. From this point on, much of the city's population and businesses increased as a result of the airbase's presence.

In 1961, two hydrogen bombs were dropped accidentally on the village of Faro, 12 miles north of Goldsboro after a B-52 aircraft broke up in mid airmarker. The two Mark39 weapons were released after the crew abandoned a B-52 bomber which had suffered mid-flight structural failure. Both bombs went through several steps in the arming sequence, but neither one detonated.

Law and government

Alfonzo "Al" King is presently the city's Mayor, succeeding former mayor Hal Plonk in 2002. As mayor, King is the official and ceremonial head of city government and presides at all City Council meetings. The mayor and the City Council are elected to office for a four-year term. Goldsboro has a council-manager government, with Joseph R. Huffman being the current City Manager.

City Council members

  • 1st District: Michael Headen
  • 2nd District: Bob Waller
  • 3rd District: Donnie R. Chatman, Sr.
  • 4th District: Rev. Charles J. Williams, Sr.
  • 5th District: Chuck Allen
  • 6th District: Jackie Warrick


Federal Appointments

Goldsboro is in North Carolina's 1st Congressional District and is currently represented by Democrat G. K. Butterfield.

Goldsboro is represented in the Senate by Republican Richard Burr and Democrat Kay Hagan.

Geography

Goldsboro is located at (35.381961, -77.977974) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 64.3 km² (24.8 mi²). 64.2 km² (24.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.08%) is water.

Climate

Godsboro's location on the Atlantic Coastal Plain lends it a Humid subtropical climate, with hot humid summers and cool winters. The hottest month is July, with an average high temperature of 91°F (33°C), and an average low of 71°F (22°C). The coldest month is January, with an average high of 54°F (12°C), and an average low of 33°F (1°C). Annual total rainfall is 49.84 inches, falling relatively evenly with a slight wet season in the late summer/early fall. Some light to moderate snowfall can occur in winter, but it is sporadic and can range from only a trace to totals over a foot (30 cm) in some years.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F (°C) 85 (29) 87 (31) 96 (36) 98 (37) 102 (39) 106 (41) 108 (42) 107 (42) 105 (41) 99 (37) 90 (32) 86 (30)
Norm High °F (°C) 54 (12) 58 (14) 66 (19) 75 (24) 82 (28) 88 (31) 91 (33) 89 (32) 84 (29) 75 (24) 66 (19) 57 (14)
Norm Low °F (°C) 33 (1) 35 (2) 42 (6) 50 (10) 58 (14) 66 (19) 71 (22) 70 (21) 64 (18) 51 (11) 43 (6) 35 (2)
Rec Low °F (°C) -1 (-18) 2 (-17) 10 (-12) 16 (-9) 32 (0) 40 (4) 43 (6) 45 (7) 31 (-1) 22 (-6) 15 (-9) 1 (-17)
Precip in (mm) 4.54 (115.3) 3.61 (91.7) 4.48 (113.8) 3.39 (86.1) 3.8 (96.5) 3.97 (100.8) 5.39 (138.9) 5.7 (144.8) 5.34 (135.6) 3.07 (78) 3.19 (81) 3.36 (85.3)
Source: USTravelWeather.com [19377]


Sites of interest

  • Cliffs of the Neuse State Parkmarker is a state park located near the city. It covers 751 acres (3 km²) along the southern banks of the Neuse River. It has a swimming area, several hiking trails, fishing areas, a nature museum, and picnic areas. The cliffs rise 90 feet above the Neuse River.
  • Waynesborough Historical Village is a reconstructed "village" located near the original site of the town of Waynesborough. It is home to historical Wayne County buildings ranging from various periods of time. These buildings include a family home, a medical office, a one room school, a law office, and a Quaker Meeting House.
  • Herman Park includes a recreational center, miniature train, tennis courts, picnic shelters, a turn-of-the-century park house, gazebo, goldfish pond, fountain, and children's playground.
  • The Goldsboro Municipal Golf Course, which was built in 1941 and renovated in 1999.
  • The Oheb Shalommarker synagogue's Romanesque Revival building is one of fewer than a hundred nineteenth-century synagogues still standing in the United States, and the second oldest synagogue building in the state.


Education

Colleges



High schools



Middle schools

  • Norwayne Middle School
  • Rosewood Middle School
  • Eastern Wayne Middle School
  • Greenwood Middle School
  • Wayne High/Middle Academy
  • Dillard Middle School
  • Spring Creek Middle School


Elementary schools

  • Eastern Wayne Elementary School
  • Spring Creek Elementary School
  • Meadow Lane Elementary School
  • School Street Elementary School
  • Rosewood Elementary School
  • Carver Heights Elementary School
  • North Drive Elementary School
  • Tommy's Road Elementary School
  • Grantham School
  • Dillard Academy
  • Northwest elementary school


Private schools

  • Wayne Country Day School
  • Faith Christian Academy
  • Pathway Christian Academy
  • Wayne Christian School


Media

Newspaper

The Goldsboro News-Argus is the city's only daily newspaper, with a circulation of approximately 21,500.

Television

Goldsboro supports two television stations. One is a cable access station called PACC-10 TV. It is available to Time Warner customers and airs its own programming as well as City Council and County Commissioner meetings. The station often features stories about local individuals, groups, and events. PACC-10 recently purchased the refurbished "Historic Fire Station" in downtown Goldsboro which houses the offices and studios. WHFL TV 43 is a low power broadcast station on UHF channel 43 and is also found on two local cable networks. The station is a FamilyNet affiliate and carries religious, local, and family programming. The area is also served by television stations from the Raleigh-Durham and Greenvillemarker areas. NBC affiliate WNCN-TVmarker, Channel 17, is licensed to Goldsboro but has its studios in Raleigh.

Radio stations based in Goldsboro

  • WYMYmarker 96.9 FM Spanish
  • WKIXmarker 102.3 Oldies
  • WFMCmarker 730 AM Gospel
  • WGBRmarker 1150 AM News/Talk


Transportation

The closest airport is Goldsboro-Wayne Municipal Airportmarker, but is only used for general aviation. The nearest public airport is Kinston Regional Jetportmarker in Kinstonmarker about 28 miles east of Goldsboro, although most residents use Raleigh-Durham International Airportmarker for domestic and international travel.

Major highways that run through the city are US 70 (the main thoroughfare through Goldsboro), US 13, US 117, Highway 111, and Highway 581. I-795 now connects Goldsboro to I-95 in Wilsonmarker.

The city has a bus system known as Gateway which runs four routes.

Hospitals



Notable natives and former residents



External links



References

  1. Goldsboro, North Carolina (NC) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders
  2. Rediscovering Jewish Infrastructure: Update on United States Nineteenth Century Synagogues, Mark Gordon, American Jewish History 84.1 (1996) 20-27 [1]



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