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Golubac (Serbian Cyrillic: Голубац, Romanian: Golumbei, , Hungarian : Galambóc) is a village and municipality in north-eastern Serbiamarker, on the right side of the Danube river. It is bound by Romaniamarker to the east, Veliko Gradištemarker to the west and Kučevomarker to the south. The population of the village is 1,896 and the population of the municipality is 9,913.

Name

In Serbian, the town is known as Golubac (Голубац), in Hungarian as Galambóc and in Turkish as Güvercinlik which means "pigeon house". The name Golubac is derived from golub, which is Serbian for "pigeon" or "dove", and is therefore often translated as "the town of doves".

Its historical names are Columbria, in Latin, derived from Cuppae during pre-Roman times.

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups in the Golubac municipality (2002 census):

History

It was a stronghold called Cuppae during Roman times (1-6th century) and turned into a city (Columbria) in 554/5 AD.

Due to many nearby archeological sites and the Đerdapmarker national park, the village is a popular tourist, fishing and sailing destination.

The archeological sites include the remnants of one of Roman Emperor Trajan's tables near Trajan's Bridgemarker, found along his road through the Danube's Iron Gatesmarker; and the Roman fortress Diana. Golubac fortressmarker, 4km downstream, is from the 14th century and also of interest. The fortress was a place of a battle against the Turks in 1428, where the Polish knight Zawisza Czarny was captured and murdered by the Turks.

Tourism

The Iron Gatemarker national park is noted for its natural beauty and its hunting grounds, as well as many trails for more experienced hiking. The village's quay along the Danube river is popular for more relaxed hiking.

Sailing

Golubac has become a famous sailing site. The Sailing Center of the Sailing Association of Serbia, which the Serbian National Team uses for ground preparations before every big sailing event, is located in Golubac. One of the events is a sailing Regatta, which is traditionally held in August. During the summer, the Center holds an Optimist Class sailing camp, where beginners can learn from the best Serbian sailors and their international guests.

References

  1. Notitia Dignitatum, the Synekdêmos and Prokopios’s Buildings IV.v.-vii, x


See also




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