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The Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Gibraltar is the representative of the British monarch in the British overseas territory of Gibraltarmarker. The Governor is appointed by the British Monarch on the advice of the British Government. The role of the Governor is to act as the de facto head of state, and he or she is responsible for formally appointing the Chief Minister of Gibraltar, along with other members of the Government of Gibraltar after a general election. The Governor also has sole responsibility for defence and security.

The incumbent Governor is Vice Admiral Sir Adrian Johns KCB, CBE, ADC, who succeeded his predecessor Lieutenant General Sir Robert Fulton KBE on 26 October 2009

To date there has been no female Governor of Gibraltar, other than in an acting position.

The Governor has his own flag in Gibraltar, the Union Flag defaced with the territory's coat of arms. However at his official residence (The Conventmarker), the Union flag and the flag of Gibraltar are flown.

List of Governors of Gibraltar since the Habsburg occupation

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Habsburg occupation (1704)

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
24 July 1704 Habsburg occupation
24 July 1704 to 4 August 1704 Sir George Rooke, Military commander
4 August 1704 to 6 August 1704 Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, Governor Appointed by Archduke Charles
6 August 1704 to November 1704 Henry Nugent, Count of Valdesoto, Governor Appointed by Archduke Charles
24 December 1704 to 24 December 1707 John Shrimpton, Governor Appointed by Archduke Charles
24 December 1707 to 24 January 1711 Roger Elliott, Governor
24 January 1711 to 13 July 1713 Thomas Stanwix, Governor


Treaty of Utrecht (1713)

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
13 July 1713 Spain cedes Gibraltar to Great Britain in the Treaty of Utrecht
13 July 1713 to 7 August 1713 Thomas Stanwix, Governor
7 August 1713 to 20 October 1720 The Earl of Portmore, Governor
20 October 1720 to 2 February 1727 Richard Kane, Governor
2 February 1727 to 13 May 1730 Jasper Clayton, Governor
15 May 1730 to 24 October 1739 Joseph Sabine, Governor
24 October 1739 to 22 April 1740 Francis Columbine, Governor
22 April 1740 to 1749 William Hargrave, Governor
1749 to 31 May 1754 Sir Humphrey Bland, Governor
31 May 1754 to 12 July 1756 Thomas Fowke, Governor
12 July 1756 to 16 April 1757 The Lord Tyrawley, Governor
16 April 1757 to 28 April 1761 The Earl of Home, Governor
28 April 1761 to 23 June 1761 John Toovey, acting Governor
13 June 1761 to 14 June 1761 John Parslow, acting Governor
14 June 1761 to January 1776 Edward Cornwallis, Governor
1765 to 1767 John Irwin, acting Governor
January 1776 to 25 May 1777 Robert Boyd, acting Governor 1st Term
25 May 1777 to 14 June 1787 George Augustus Eliott, Governor
14 June 1787 to July 1790 The Lord Heathfield, Governor
July 1790 to October 1790 Sir Robert Boyd, acting Governor
October 1790 to 13 May 1794 Sir Robert Boyd, Governor 2nd Term
1794-1795 Henry Clinton, Governor Died in London before taking up the post
13 May 1794 to 30 December 1795 Charles Rainsford, Governor
30 December 1795 to 25 February 1802 Charles O'Hara, Governor
25 February 1802 to 10 May 1802 Charles Barnett, Governor
24 May 1802 to 23 January 1820 The Duke of Kent
2 May 1803 to 17 December 1804 Sir Thomas Trigge, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
17 December 1804 to June 1806 Henry Edward Fox, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
June 1806 to November 1806 James Drummond, acting Governor 1st Term; for the Duke of Kent
November 1806 to August 1808 Sir Hew Dalrymple, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
August 1808 to May 1809 James Drummond, acting Governor 2nd Term; for the Duke of Kent
May 1809 to August 1809 Sir John Francis Cradock, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
August 1809 to October 1809 John Smith, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
October 1809 to November 1809 Alex McKenzie Fraser, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
November 1809 to 2 April 1814 Sir Colin Campbell, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
3 April 1814 to 15 November 1821 Sir George Don, acting Governor 1st Term; for the Duke of Kent
29 January 1820 to 1835 The Earl of Chatham, Governor
7 June 1825 to 20 June 1830 Sir George Don, acting Governor 2nd Term; for the Earl of Chatham


Crown colony (1830)

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
1830 Gibraltar becomes a British Crown colony
20 June 1830 to 10 May 1831 Sir George Don, acting Governor 2nd Term; for the Earl of Chatham
10 May 1831 to 29 May 1835 Sir William Houstoun, acting Governor For the Earl of Chatham
28 February 1835 to 11 October 1842 Sir Alexander George Woodford, Governor
11 October 1842 to 12 December 1848 Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, Governor
12 December 1848 to 26 July 1855 Sir Robert William Gardiner, Governor
26 July 1855 to 5 May 1859 Sir James Fergusson, Governor
5 May 1859 to 21 September 1865 Sir William John Codrington, Governor
21 September 1865 to 25 July 1870 Sir Richard Airey, Governor
25 July 1870 to 23 June 1876 Sir William Williams, Governor
23 June 1876 to 3 January 1883 The Lord Napier of Magdala, Governor
3 January 1883 to 2 November 1886 Sir John Miller Adye, Governor
2 November 1886 to 23 August 1890 Sir Arthur Edward Hardinge, Governor
23 August 1890 to 27 January 1891 Sir Leicester Smyth, Governor
27 January 1891 to 31 March 1891 H. R. L. Newdigate, acting Governor
31 March 1891 to 27 June 1893 Sir Lothian Nicholson, Governor
27 June 1893 to 7 August 1893 G.J. Smart, acting Governor
7 August 1893 to 22 May 1900 Sir Robert Biddulph, Governor
22 May 1900 to 1 August 1905 Sir George Stuart White, Governor
1 August 1905 to 30 July 1910 Sir Frederick Forestier-Walker, Governor
30 July 1910 to 11 July 1913 Sir Archibald Hunter, Governor
11 July 1913 to 9 July 1918 Sir Herbert Scott Gould Miles, Governor
9 July 1918 to 26 May 1923 Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien, Governor
26 May 1923 to 13 August 1928 Sir Charles Monro, Governor
13 August 1928 to 13 May 1933 Sir Alexander Godley, Governor
13 May 1933 to 12 August 1938 Sir Charles Harington Harington, Governor
12 August 1938 to 11 July 1939 Sir Edmund Ironside, Governor
11 July 1939 to 14 May 1941 Sir Clive Gerard Liddell, Governor
14 May 1941 to 31 May 1942 The Viscount Gort, Governor
31 May 1942 to 1943 Noel Mason-Macfarlane, Governor
1943 to 14 February 1944 Sir Noel Mason-Macfarlane, Governor
14 February 1944 to 8 February 1947 Sir Ralph Eastwood, Governor
8 February 1947 to 23 April 1952 Sir Kenneth Anderson, Governor
23 April 1952 to 6 May 1955 Sir Gordon MacMillan, Governor
6 May 1955 to 16 April 1958 Sir Harold Redman, Governor
16 April 1958 to 8 June 1962 Sir Charles Keightley, Governor
8 June 1962 to 5 August 1965 Sir Alfred Dudley Ward, Governor
5 August 1965 to March 1969 Sir Gerald Lathbury, Governor
March 1969 to 3 October 1973 Sir Varyl Begg, Governor
3 October 1973 to 30 May 1978 Sir John Grandy, Governor
30 May 1978 to 1981 Sir William Jackson, Governor


British dependent territory (1981)

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
1981 Gibraltar becomes a British dependent territory Under the British Nationality Act 1981
1981 to 26 October 1982 Sir William Jackson, Governor
26 October 1982 to 19 November 1985 Sir David Williams, Governor
19 November 1985 to December 1989 Sir Peter Terry, Governor
December 1989 to April 1993 Sir Derek Reffell, Governor
April 1993 to 5 December 1995 Sir John Chapple, Governor
5 December 1995 to 19 February 1997 Sir Hugo White, Governor
24 February 1997 to 5 April 2000 Sir Richard Luce, Governor
5 April 2000 to 2002 David Durie, Governor


British overseas territory (2002)

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
2002 Gibraltar becomes a British overseas territory Under the British Overseas Territories Act 2002
2002 to 16 May 2003 David Durie, Governor (Sir David Durie from 1 Jan 2003)
16 May 2003 to 27 May 2003 David Blunt, acting Governor
27 May 2003 to 17 July 2006 Sir Francis Richards, Governor
17 July 2006 to 27 September Philip Barton, acting Governor
27 September 2006 to 21 October 2009 Sir Robert Fulton, Governor
21 October 2009 to 26 October 2009 Leslie Pallett, acting Governor
26 October 2009 to Sir Adrian Johns, Governor


References

See also




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