Governor of Maine is the top executive of the
government of the U.S. state of
Before Maine earned statehood in 1820, the
Governor of Massachusetts served as the top executive.
The current governor of Maine is John
, a Democrat
. The Governor’s
current salary is $70,000 annually, the lowest in the nation.
The office of the governor is established in the Maine Constitution
, which provides in
Article V, Part 1 that:
- At the beginning of the governor's term the governor must be at
least 30 years of age; a United
States Citizen for at least 15 years; a Maine resident for at
least five years, and a resident of Maine at the time of election
and during the term for which elected (Section 4).
- No person holding any other office under the United States,
Maine, or any other power, shall become governor (Section 5).
- The governor shall receive a compensation which cannot be increased or
decreased while that governor is in office (Section6).
Elections and terms of office
- The governor is elected directly and has a term of office of four years. There is a
term limit of two consecutive elected
four-year terms (Section 2). There is not, however, a limit on the
number of total terms a governor may serve.
- The gubernatorial election is conducted in the same manner
prescribed for members of the Maine
Legislature. The Secretary of State of Maine
receives votes and delivers the lists (and the ballots if the
Legislature so elects) to the Maine House of
Representatives and Senate. The
Legislature determine the number of votes duly cast for governor,
and declares the plurality of all of the
votes returned. If there is no plurality and there is a tie between
the two persons having the largest number of votes for governor,
the House of Representatives and the Senate meet in joint session and elect one of the two persons
governor (Section 3).
- The governor acts as commander-in-chief of "the army and navy
of the State, and of the militia" (the Maine National Guard), "except when the
same are called into the actual service of the United States"
- The governor has the power to appoint officers, to appoint all
judicial officers subject to confirmation except probate judges and justices of the peace if their manner
of selection is otherwise provided for by the constitution or by
law, and to appoint and all other civil and military officers whose
appointment is not by this constitution, or otherwise provided for
by law (Section 8).
- The Governor will have power to grant reprieves, commutations
and pardons, unless impeached. The power to grant reprieves,
commutations and pardons also includes juvenile offenses (Section
Under current law, if the governor suddenly leaves office, the
immediate successor is the Senate
. Currently, this is Democrat Elizabeth
House in Augusta is the
official governor’s mansion.
It became the official
residence in 1919, and is named after James G. Blaine
. It was declared a National Historic Landmark
1964, and it was built by Captain James Hall in 1833. The home is located
directly across the street from the Maine State House.