Grant County is a county located in the U.S.
state of Indiana.
of 2000, the population was 73,403. The county seat
is Marion .
paleontological discoveries dating from
the Pliocene epoch have been made at
Sinkhole in Grant County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total
area of 415 square miles (1,074 km²), of which
414 square miles (1,072 km²) is land and 1 square
mile (2 km²) (0.20%) is water.
Grant County, Indiana, is one of the few counties in the United
States to border as many as 9 counties. Indiana actually has 2 such
counties, with nearby Allen County also bordering 9 counties. Allen
and Grant Counties share Huntington and Wells Counties as common
Grant County was formed in 1831. It was named for Captains Samuel and
Moses Grant of Kentucky.
The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted
specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana
, and by the
The county council is the
legislative branch of the county government and controls all the
spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are
elected from county districts. The council members serve four year
terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual
budget, and special spending. The council also has limited
authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and
property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes,
and service taxes.
Board of Commissioners:
The executive body of the
county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are
elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four
year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior,
serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing
the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and
managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
The county maintains a small claims court
that can handle some
civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four
years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The
judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of
four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the
state level circuit court
The county has several other
elected offices, including sheriff
and circuit court
. Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years
and oversee different parts of the county government. Members
elected to any county government position are required to declare a
affiliation and be a resident
of the county.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 73,403
people, 28,319 households, and 19,568 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 177 people per square mile (68/km²). There were 30,560 housing
units at an average density of 74 per square mile (28/km²).
The racial makeup of the county was 89.23% White
, 7.19% Black
or African American
, 0.44% Native American
, 0.56% Asian
, 0.04% Pacific Islander
, 1.02% from
, and 1.53%
from two or more races. 2.43% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. 23.0% were of
American, 21.0% German, 11.7%
English and 7.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 28,319 households out of which 29.50% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples
living together, 11.50% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were
non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals
and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family
size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the
age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from
45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,162, and
the median income for a family was $44,304. Males had a median
income of $100,767 versus $23,801 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$18,003. About 8.40% of families and 11.80% of the population were
below the poverty line
16.10% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or
Population by year
Cities and towns