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Grapevine Lake is a freshwater lake located in the north Texas area, approximately northwest of Dallas, Texasmarker. It was created in 1952 by the US Army Corps of Engineers when they dammed Denton Creek. The lake's primary purposes are flood control and to act as a water reservoir, with a secondary function of providing recreation and natural land area. The lake's name comes from the city of Grapevine, Texasmarker, to which the lake is adjacent.

History and construction

On March 2, 1945, the U.S. Congress approved the River & Harbors Act of 1945 which, among many projects, provided for the construction of Benbrook Lake, Grapevine Lake, Lavon Lake and Ray Roberts Lakemarker, as well as modifications to the existing Garza Dam for the construction of Lewisville Lakemarker. All the projects were for the purposes of both flood control and navigation. These lakes became part of an extensive floodway system that is operated in a coordinated manner to minimize flooding along the Trinity rivermarker floodplain.

The Grapevine Dam and Reservoir project, as it was originally known, was initiated in January 1948. Located on Denton Creek, a tributary of the Elm Fork of the Trinity river, the project spans both Tarrant Countymarker and Denton Countymarker. In this area immediately north of the City of Grapevinemarker, the Corps of Engineers obtained approximately 15,700 acres (63.5 km²) of land and placed easements on another 2,200 acres (8.9 km²) to be flooded by the new reservoir. The project was completed in June 1952, and impounding of water began July 3, 1952.

Statistics

The dam is a rolled earth-fill type, 28 feet (8.5 m) thick, which spans 12,850 feet (3,920 m). The crest of the dam is located at 588 feet (179 m) above sea level. At the dam, the original creek bed was at , making the dam approximately tall.

The dam's spillway is located at approximately 560 feet above sea level. This gives it a flood capacity of at least 425,500 acre feet (525,000,000 m³ or 138,649.8 million gallons), including an allowance for the build of up sediment in the lake's bottom. Typically, the lake is maintained near its conservation level, at , giving it a capacity of 181,100 acre feet (223,000,000 m³ or 59,011.7 million gallons) and a surface area of 7,280 acres (29.5 km²).

At conservation level, the lake has approximately of shoreline.

Water rights

Three municipalities have water rights to the lake; the city of Grapevine, the city of Dallas, and the Dallas County Park Cities (DCPC), which provides water to various communities in Dallas Countymarker.

Under its September 1953 contract, Grapevine obtained 1,250 acre feet (1,500,000 m³) of the water in the elevations between 500 and 535 feet (152 and 163 m) above sea-level. In February 1981, the city obtained an additional 25,000 acre feet (31,000,000 m³) in the same elevations "until such time as this [water] is needed for navigation purposes." In March 1953, the city of Dallas obtained 85,000 acre feet (105,000,000 m³) of the water between 500 and 535 feet (152 and 163 m), and in March 1955, DCPC obtained 50,000 acre feet (62,000,000 m³) at the same elevations.

Recreation

Crosstimbers horse trail.
The north shore of Grapevine lake.


Parks and trails

Numerous parks surround the lake. Some of the parks are owned, leased or maintained by the local community. Others remain in the Corp of Engineer's control. The area contains 30 miles (50 km) of natural surface trails including nature, biking and equestrian trails.

Trails listed by the Corps of Engineers include the nine mile Northshore trail, the three mile Rocky Point trail, the five mile Crosstimbers horse trail, and the four mile Knob Hill trail.

Camping

The lake has primitive camping, prepared camping sites, and trailer / RV camping. Murrell park currently has tent and primitive camping, but is undergoing an expansion to increase camping facilities. Vineyards campground, managed by the city of Grapevine, offers site camping, RV parking, and cabins.

Marinas and boating

There are three marinas located on the lake, all operated by the private company Marinas International. On the south shore, in Grapevine, are Scott's Landing and Silver Lake. On the north shore, in Flower Moundmarker, is Twin Coves. The marinas support an active boating community on the lake; combined, the three marinas have approximately 1,400 moorings, with land-based storage for an additional 575 vessels.

Both the Grapevine Sailing Club and the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary (Flotilla 5-11 of District 8) are based at Scott's Landing.

Ten boat ramps provide access to the lake, of which only the two ramps at Murrell park are controlled by the Corps of Engineers and available for free. Of the remaining ramps:

  • The City of Trophy Clubmarker operates a ramp at Marshall Creek park.
  • The City of Grapevine operates ramps at Meadowmere, Lakeview, Oak Grove, and Katie's Woods parks.
  • The private company Marinas International operates ramps near Silver Lake marina and near Twin Coves marina.


The lake is also utilized by amphibious vehicle-based tour companies.

Fishing and hunting

The lake is home to a number of fish species, including largemouth bass, spotted bass, white bass, white crappie, and channel catfish. Fishing regulations of most species are managed under statewide regulations. The exception is a 14 to 18 inch (36 to 46 cm) slot limit on largemouth bass; only bass 14 inches (36 cm) and less in length, or 18 inches (46 cm) or more, may be retained. Daily bag limit for all species of black bass is 5 in any combination. Murrell Park, a premier spot for catching sand and black bass on the north shore, was heavily damaged in the summer 2007 flood and was partially closed.

With a permit and in season, public hunting is allowed in the Marshall Creek area, located at the north-west end of the lake. Waterfowl and small game hunting, as well as bow hunting of feral hogs and deer is permitted. Hunting licenses are obtained from the state of Texas and an additional permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers required.

See also



Notes and references

  1. Benbrook Lake history
  2. See Grapevine Lake Pertinent Data
  3. Savvy center's Grapevine Lake information
  4. Fort Worth Elm Fork District, List of Grapevine Lake trails
  5. 600 slips / 300 land at Scott's Landings, 400 / 200 at Silver Lake, 400 / 75 at Twin Coves, per each marina's website.
  6. Website of Grapevine Sailing Club




External links

Maps


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