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Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) is a medical institution specialising in the care of children. It was founded in Londonmarker in 1852 as the Hospital for Sick Children, making it the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in the English-speaking world. Now an NHS hospital trust, GOSH still engages in pioneering work in children's medicine. It was the recipient of the rights to Peter Pan, or the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, given to the hospital by author J. M. Barrie in 1929, which have provided it with a source of income, now part of the fundraising activities of Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity (GOSHCC) which provides the hospital with additional funding for its redevelopment, research and new equipment.


The hospital works with the UCL Institute for Child Health, its medical school, and is the largest centre for research into childhood illness outside the United States and Canada, and a major international trainer of doctors and nurses. It has the widest range of children's specialists of any UK hospital, and is the largest centre for children's heart or brain surgery, or children with cancer, in the UK. Recent high profile breakthroughs include successful gene therapy for immune diseases, following a decade of research.

In October 2008, the hospital was rated by the Healthcare Commission as "good" for quality of care (a reduction from "excellent" in 2007) and "good" for use of resources (an improvement from "fair" in 2007).

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust is a member of the UCL Partners academic health science centre.

Redevelopment Plans

In 2002 Great Ormond Street Hospital commenced a redevelopment programme which is budgeted at £343 million and the next phase of which is scheduled to be complete by 2012. The redevelopment is needed to expand capacity, deliver treatment in a more comfortable and modern way, and to reduce unnecessary inpatient admissions.

Great Ormond Street Hospital plans to be a foundation trust in the near future.

Peter Pan copyright

In 1929 the hospital was the recipient of playwright J. M. Barrie's copyright to the Peter Pan works, with the provision that the income from this source not be disclosed. This gave the institution control of the rights to these works, and entitled it to royalties from any performance or publication of the play and derivative works. The hospital's trustees commissioned a sequel, Peter Pan in Scarlet, which was published in 2006 and has been a critical success.

When the copyright originally expired in 1987, 50 years after Barrie's death, the UK government granted the hospital a perpetual right to collect royalties on the work (but not creative control) (Copyright, Designs & Patents Act 1988, Schedule 6, Section 301). The UK copyright was subsequently revived in full under an EU directive in 1996 when the term was standardised throughout the European Union to author's life plus 70 years, thus expiring at the end of 2007. GOSH claims that the play itself (but not the novel) remains under copyright protection in the US until 2023 (based on the publication date of the stage play, 17 years after the novel), although this has been disputed by various parties, including The Walt Disney Company.

Museum of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children

Great Ormond Street Hospital's museum and archive is open by appointment only. It covers the history and personalities connected with the hospital since its inception in 1852. The Peter Pan Gallery houses editions of the book from all over the world, in many languages. The museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.

Admission records from 1852 to 1914 have been made available online on the Small and Special website.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Nurses League

On 31 October 1936 Miss Dorothy Lane addressed the nurses gathered to receive prizes and certificates. She suggested that a Nurses League should be formed, which was endorsed by those present.The inaugural meeting of the League took place on 15 February 1937. Miss Tisdale was appointed as President and Miss Lane became chairman of the committee.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity

The hospital has relied on charitable support since it first opened. One of the main sources for this support is Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity (GOSHCC). Whilst the NHS meets the day to day running costs of the hospital, the fundraising income allows Great Ormond Street Hospital to remain at the forefront of child healthcare. GOSHCC is now trying to raise over £170 million to complete the next phase of redevelopment, as well as provide substantially more fundraising directly for research. The charity also purchases up-to-date equipment, and provides accommodation for families and staff.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity is one of the four charities leading the national Jeans for Genes campaign where everyone across the UK wears their jeans and makes a donation to help children affected by genetic disorders. All Great Ormond Street Hospital Charity's proceeds go to its research partner, the UCL Institute of Child Health.

On 6 August 2009, Arsenal F.C. confirmed that Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity (GOSH CC) was to be their 'charity of the season' for the 2009-10 season. They set a fundraising target of £500,000, having raised £532,816 for Teenage Cancer Trust in the previous season.

Two charity singles have been released in aid of the hospital. In 1987, "The Wishing Well", recorded by an ensemble line-up including Boy George, Peter Cox and Dollar amongst others became a top 30 hit. In 2009, The X Factor finalists covered Michael Jackson's "You Are Not Alone" in aid of the charity, reaching No.1 in the UK Charts.

External links


  1. Peter Pan in Scarlet [
  2. Never Neverland: Peter Pan and perpetual copyright
  3. Small and Special
  4. Chartstats - "The Wishing Well" UK Chart details
  5. Chartstats - "You Are Not Alone" UK Chart details

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