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Map of the Cleveland-Akron-Elyria CSA

Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Clevelandmarker, Ohiomarker.

Northeast Ohio refers to a similar but substantially larger area as described below. This article covers the area generally considered to be Greater Cleveland, but includes information on the entire region of Northeast Ohio which includes the cities of Clevelandmarker, Akronmarker, Cantonmarker, Elyriamarker, Lorainmarker, Warrenmarker, and Youngstownmarker.

According to the 2000 Census, the five-county Clevelandmarker-Elyriamarker-Mentormarker Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Cuyahoga Countymarker, Geauga Countymarker, Lake Countymarker, Lorain Countymarker, and Medina Countymarker, and has a population of 2,250,871. Greater Cleveland is the largest metropolitan area in Ohio.

The larger Cleveland-Akronmarker-Elyria Combined Statistical Area is the 14th-largest Combined Statistical Area in the United Statesmarker, and includes the above counties plus Ashtabula Countymarker, Portage Countymarker and Summit Countymarker, with a population of 2,945,831.

The Cleveland-Akron-Cantonmarker television Designated Market Area covers this area, and all of Northeast Ohio except for the Youngstown/Warren region. It is the 16th largest in the United States, according to Nielsen Media Research.

However, the areas commonly understood as Greater Cleveland or Northeast Ohio are not precisely defined. Most often, Greater Cleveland is understood as referring to all of Cuyahoga County, and a number of surrounding communities. The Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor MSA covers most of this area and some smaller outlying communities.

Northeast Ohio consists of 13 counties and includes the cities of Clevelandmarker, Akronmarker, Cantonmarker, Lorainmarker, Elyriamarker, Medinamarker, Ashtabulamarker, Youngstownmarker, and Warrenmarker. Northeast Ohio is home to approximately 4.5 million people, has a labor force of almost 2 million, and a gross regional product of more than US$134 billion.

Additional counties are often (but not always) considered to be in Northeast Ohio. These locations include Ashland Countymarker, Carroll Countymarker, Columbiana Countymarker, Erie Countymarker, Holmes Countymarker, Huron Countymarker, Richland Countymarker, Tuscarawas Countymarker, and Wayne Countymarker, thus making the total population of the entire Northeastern section of Ohio well over 5 million people.

The areas commonly referred to as Greater Cleveland or Northeast Ohio are not precisely the same as either the Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor MSA or the Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.

The region is considered by some to be a part of a megalopolis. Some geographers describe the area stretching from Cleveland to Pittsburghmarker as the "Steel City Corridor", encompassing the cities of Akron, Canton, and Youngstown. Others characterize it as part of a larger megalopolis that connects Chicago to Pittsburgh.


Cities and villages

Cuyahoga County

Geauga County

Lake County

Lorain County

Medina County

Portage County

Summit County

Area codes

In the 1950s, AT&T assigned Northeast Ohio the 216 area code, and in 1996, Northeast Ohio was divided into two area codes. Area code 216 was reduced in size to cover the northern half of its prior area, centering on Cleveland and its suburbs. Area code 330 was introduced for remaining outlying areas formerly covered by area code 216, including Akron, Canton, and Youngstown.

In 1997, area code 216 was further split as the need for additional phone numbers grew. Area code 216 was again reduced in geographical area to cover the city of Cleveland and its inner ring suburbs. Area code 440 was introduced to cover the remainder of was what previously area code 216, including Lake, Lorain, Ashtabula, Geauga, and other Greater Cleveland counties. Some communities, such as Parmamarker, were divided into multiple area codes. In 1999, Congressman Dennis Kucinich introduced federal legislation to protect small and medium-sized cities from being split into two or more area codes.

In 2000, it was anticipated that the available phone numbers in area code 330 would be exhausted, and an overlay area code was introduced. Area code 234 was assigned to overlap existing area code 330. With the creation of area code 234, any new phone number in the geographical area formerly covered by area code 330 could be assigned a phone number in either the 234 or 330 area codes, with no change in local or long distance toll status. This made necessary the use of ten-digit dialing within the 330/234 area code region. After the introduction of area code 234, assignments of new telephone numbers in the area did not continue at an accelerated pace, and new phone numbers for area code 234 were not assigned until 2003.

Business and industry

More than 37% of Fortune 500 companies are present in Northeast Ohio, through corporate headquarters, major divisions, subsidiaries, and sales offices. In addition, more than 150 international companies have a presence there. , Northeast Ohio serves as the corporate headquarters of 25 Fortune 1000 firms (shown with 2006 rankings below):

Other large employers include:

Small businesses and startups

The Council of Smaller Enterprises is coordinates and advocates for small businesses in the region. Many of the area's sustainability-oriented companies are tied into the network Entrepreneurs for Sustainability.

Colleges and universities

Greater Cleveland is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:



Greater Cleveland is served by international, regional and county airports, including:


The Greater Cleveland highway network

Highway notes

Public transit

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority operates a bus system and heavy and light rail in Cuyahoga County. Other transit agencies serve the surrounding counties and provide connections with RTA, including Laketran in Lake County, Metro in Summit County, PARTA in Portage County, SARTA in Stark County, and Lorain County Transit in Lorain County.



In addition to Playhouse Square Centermarker, the second largest theater district in the United States, Greater Cleveland has a vibrant theater community throughout the region.


Theatrical companies

Sports and recreation

's professional sports teams include the Cleveland Indians (Major League Baseball), Cleveland Browns (National Football League), and Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association). The Indians have two minor league affiliates in the area, the AA Akron Aeros and the Single-A Lake County Captains, who play in Eastlakemarker. Additionally, there is an independent baseball team, the Lake Erie Crushers, in Avonmarker.

Minor league hockey is represented in the area by the Lake Erie Monsters of the American Hockey League. They began play in the 2007–08 AHL season at the Quicken Loans Arena. The team is the minor league affiliate of the Colorado Avalanche of the NHL.

Motorsports venues in the region include Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course in Lexingtonmarker and Summit Motorsports Park in Norwalkmarker, a major NHRA venue.

The Cleveland Metroparks are a system of nature preserves that encircle the city, and the Cuyahoga Valley National Parkmarker encompasses the Cuyahoga Rivermarker valley between Cleveland and Akron. The region is home to Mentor Headlands Beach, the longest natural beach on the Great Lakesmarker.

Famous natives

See also


  1. Team NEO: Northeast Ohio Profile. Retrieved May 22, 2006.
  3. Colleen Mulcahy, "Benefits administrator blasts health mandates. (John Polk)", National Underwriter Property & Casualty-Risk & Benefits Management, Oct. 14, 1991.
  4. Shannon Mortland, "COSE to help push ideas for reforming health care.(Health Care)(Council of Smaller Enterprises)(Brief Article)", Crain's Cleveland Business, Aug. 8, 2005.
  6. "Making Change: Sustainable Businesses", 90.3 WCPN ideastream, Wednesday, May 28, 2003.

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