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Greater Nepal is a concept referring to the state of Nepalmarker, extending beyond its present boundaries, to include territories ceded to the British East India Company under the Sugauli Treaty that ended the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1814–16. The idea of a modern Nepali state covering the same territories motivates some Nepali nationalist groups.

Historic boundaries

Under the Sugauli Treaty, the defeated Nepalese kingdom had ceded to the British Company the conquered territories; these spanned from the Teesta River in the east to the Sutlej Rivermarker in the west, in the modern Indianmarker states of Punjabmarker, Himachal Pradeshmarker and Uttarakhandmarker. The region includes cities such as Almoramarker, Pathankotmarker, Kumaon, Dehradunmarker, Garhwalmarker, Sirmur and Shimlamarker and Kangramarker. Nepal also ceded control over the kingdom of Sikkimmarker, whose local ruler, the Chogyal, had supported the foreign Company in a war. The re-acquisition of these territories - especially the parts integrated into British India as a consequence of the coercive treaty - is a goal held by several Nepali political groups.

Nationalist cause

The ideal of "Greater Nepal" motivates not only some Nepali nationalists but also a majority of Nepalese academia, who seek to extend the boundaries of present-day Nepal to include the very territories ceded under the Sugauli Treaty. Some Nepali politicians and activists accuse India of usurping Nepali territory and using the present border and territorial situation to dominate Nepal, which in the opinion of Nepali nationalists can be overcome by a "Greater Nepal." Most law graduates claim that the Sugauli Treaty became null and void on 15 August 1947, when India obtained her independence from the colonial British Raj and by the 1950 Indo-Nepal Friendship Treaty. Several Nepalese publications also claim that all the lost territories must be recovered, since the Sugauli Treaty is in effect void under Article-8 of the '1950 Indo-Nepal Friendship Treaty' and the 'Anglo-Nepal Treaty'.

See also


  1. Telegraph Nepal
  2. Greater Nepal
  3. Greater Nepal

External links

  • Kalapani border

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