( ) is a term used to describe
parts or all of the Low Countries
certain political groups aspire to unite into a single polity.
"Greater Netherlandsism" (Grootneerlandisme
) is a term
used to describe these aspirations.
scenario includes a (re)unification of the Netherlands and Flanders, which can be
thought of as a possible unitary
state, a federation, or a confederation.
Because this scenario
would unite the Dutch people
, the term
("Dutchland'") is used to describe the
unification. It uses the word "Diets
," an archaic term for "Dutch." Another
scenario, called "Whole-Netherlands" (Heel-Nederland
involves combining all the Low
as a single entity, the "Netherlands." Yet another
form is contemporary Orangism which seeks the restoration of the
Dutch royal family (House of Orange-Nassau) to the Low
Greater Netherlands proper
"Greater Netherlands" refers to the aspiration for the unification
of the Netherlands and Flanders.
ideology, otherwise known as the "Dutch reunification", bases
itself on the fact that the Dutch
(known as the Flemish
) share a common history, culture, and
language. It emphasizes that a new state unifying most of the Dutch
speakers in Europe would create a more powerful political
and economic bloc
. Its supporters, especially in
advocate that a monolingual state would prove to be less
bureaucratic and more efficient. A union with Flanders has not been
a political issue in the Netherlands and it is on the agenda of
only a single political party, the right-wing PVV
, but an August 21, 2007 poll indicates
that 2/3 of the population would welcome union with Flanders.
However, a (federal
) union between
Flanders and the Netherlands is not a popular option among the
Flemish population. Given the difficulties experienced in forming a government
following the 2007
, the likelihood of Flanders seceding from Belgium
greater than before. The Vlaams Belang
parties are the primary advocates of
secession in Belgian Flanders.
Greater Netherlandism is sometimes associated with the extreme right fascist
organizations in both the Netherlands and Belgium, and the movement
used part of the ideology and some of its symbols to achieve their
own goals during World War II
moderate individual politicians have expressed their support for
this particular ideology, including Domela Nieuwenhuis
, Louis Tobback
and Frits Bolkestein
(to name a few).
The "Whole Netherlands" (Heel-Nederland
), otherwise known
as the "Netherlandish reunification" is an ideology which desires
the creation of a state comprising all of the historical Low Countries
(not merely the Dutch-speaking
areas). The main proposal
involves uniting Belgium (as a
whole), Luxembourg, and the Netherlands (which would be similar to the former United Kingdom of the
Netherlands). Other versions include Northern France
(preferably Nord-Pas de
Calais) and the formerly Dutch-speaking areas of Germany, even going
to the extreme of including South
This ideology is called "Whole-Netherlandism"
), sometimes known as "Burgundicism"
] after the historical Burgundian Circle
). Confusingly, the term
is used by some groups such as Vlaams
to refer to linguistic Greater Netherlands (above) and
not the wider uniting of all of the Low Countries.
Some Whole Netherlands organisations are:
- Benev (Netherlands & Flanders)
- De Pacificatielezingen vzw (Flanders)
- Delta-Stichting (Flanders)
- Open Orthodoxie/Bitter Lemon (Netherlands)
- Het Pennoen (Flanders)
- Die Roepstem (Flanders, the Netherlands & South
- Voorpost (Netherlands &
- Werkgemeenschap de Lage Landen (Netherlands &
- Zannekin (Flanders)
From the 1980s, the term "Orangism" has been used to refer to
Greater or Whole-Netherlands projects with a focus on the
restoration of the Dutch
) to the entire region. It should not be confused
with the Orangism
proper of the 19th
century and earlier.
- "Dutch Would Reunify with Belgium's Flanders."
Angus Reid Global Monitor. 25 August 2007. Accessed 10 January 2008.