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The Greek Orthodox Church ( , ) is the body of several churches within the larger communion of the Orthodox Church, sharing a common cultural tradition and whose liturgy is traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the New Testament.

Churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable

The churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable are:

the four ancient Patriarchates:

two national autocephalous churches:

and



and four eparchies of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople:



The Orthodox Church of Albania, whose liturgy is conducted in Koine Greek only in certain areas of Albania, has also been described as the Greek Orthodox Church of Albania, however this is complicated by tensions between the Greekmarker and Albanianmarker governments over the ethnic Greek minority in Albania the majority of which are followers of the Orthodox Church.

Note: The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America should not be confused with the Russianmarker Orthodox Church in America, whose autocephaly – granted by the Russian Orthodox Church – is not recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and many other churches of the Eastern Orthodox Communion.

History of the term

Historically the term Greek Orthodox has also been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches, since the word "Greek" in the phrase "Greek Orthodox" can be used to refer to the Greek heritage of the Byzantine Empire. Since during 8 centuries of Christian history most major intellectual, cultural, and social developments in the Christian church took place within the Empire or in the sphere of its influence, thus, most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople were adopted by all and still provide the basic patterns of contemporary Orthodoxy. The term "Greek" was however abandoned by Slavic and other national orthodox churches, who had proceeded to assist to the purposes of their peoples national awakenings, from as early as the 10th century A.D.

See also

References

  1. Demetrios J. Constantelos, Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church, Holy Cross Orthodox Press 3rd edition (March 28, 2005)
  2. L. Rushton, Doves and magpies: village women in the Greek Orthodox Church Women's religious experience, Croom Helm, 1983
  3. Paul Yuzyk, The Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada, 1918-1951, University of Ottawa Press, 1981
  4. Demetrios J. Constantelos, The Greek Orthodox Church: faith, history, and practice, Seabury Press, 1967
  5. Daniel B. Wallace: Zondervan, 1997.
  6. Victor Roudometof, Collective memory, national identity, and ethnic conflict, Greenwood Press , 2002
  7. Presveia (U.S.). Grapheio Typou kai Plerophorion, Published by Foto Olympic, 1995
  8. Assembly of Captive European Nations 1956, ACEN (Organization), 1956
  9. Byzantium in Encyclopedia of historians and historical writing Vol. 1, Kelly Boyd (ed.), Fitzroy Dearborn publishers, 1999 ISBN 9781884964336
  10. Edwin Pears, The destruction of the Greek Empire and the story of the capture of Constantinople by the Turks, Haskell House, 1968
  11. Tanner, Norman P. The Councils of the Church, ISBN 0824519043
  12. The Byzantine legacy in the Orthodox Church‎ by John Meyendorff - 1982
  13. Hugh Wybrew, The Orthodox liturgy: the development of the eucharistic liturgy in the Byzantine rite - 1990
  14. The Christian Churches of the East, Vol. II: Churches Not in Communion with Rome‎ by Donald Attwater - 1962
  15. J Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes (1987)
  16. Joan Mervyn Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990
  17. A. P. Vlasto, Entry of Slavs Christendom‎ - 1970
  18. Andreĭ Lazarov Pantev, Bŭlgarska istorii︠a︡ v evropeĭski kontekst‎ - 2000
  19. Joan Mervyn Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990
  20. A. P. Vlasto, Entry of Slavs Christendom‎ - 1970



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