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Green-Wood Cemetery was founded in 1838 as a rural cemetery in Kings County, New Yorkmarker, now in Brooklynmarker. It was granted National Historic Landmark status in 2006 by the U.S.marker Department of the Interiormarker.

History

Located in Greenwood Heights, Brooklyn, it lies several blocks southwest of Prospect Parkmarker, between Park Slopemarker, Windsor Terracemarker and Sunset Park. Paul Goldberger in The New York Times, wrote that it was said "it is the ambition of the New Yorker to live upon the Fifth Avenue, to take his airings in the Park, and to sleep with his fathers in Green-Wood". Inspired by Mount Auburn Cemeterymarker in Cambridge, Massachusettsmarker, where a cemetery in a naturalistic park-like landscape in the English manner was first established, Green-Wood was able to take advantage of the varied topography provided by glacial moraine. Battle Hill, the highest point in Brooklyn, is on cemetery grounds, rising approximately 200 feet above sea level.

The cemetery was the idea of Henry Evelyn Pierrepoint, a Brooklyn social leader. It was a popular tourist attraction in the 1850s and was the place most famous New Yorkers who died during the second half of the nineteenth century were buried. It is still an operating cemetery with approximately 600,000 graves spread out over 478 acres (1.9 km²). The rolling hills and dales, several ponds and an on-site chapel provide an environment that still draws visitors. There are several famous monuments located there, including a statue of DeWitt Clinton and a Civil War Memorial. During the Civil War, Green-Wood Cemetery created the "Soldiers' Lot" for free veterans' burials.

Richard Upjohn designed an entrance gate on 5th Avenue opposite 25th Street (1861) in the Gothic Revival style, along with several wooden shelters (including one in a Gothic Revival style, one resembling an Italian villa, and another resembling a Swiss chalet). A descendent colony of monk parakeets that escaped their containers on a flight from South America to Idlewild International Airportmarker (today JFK) in the 1960s today nests in the center spire of the gate.

Main Entrance gate to Green-Wood cemetery on 5th Avenue
Graves at Green-Wood
Vista from the Hillside Mausoleum
A few of the many mausoleums at Green-Wood


The cemetery was declared a National Historic Landmark in 2006.

In 1999, The Green-Wood Historic Fund, a 501 not-for-profit institution, was created to continue preservation, beautification, educational programs and community outreach as the current "working cemetery" evolves into a Brooklynmarker cultural institution.

Notable burials



Further reading

  • Jehemiah Cleveland, Green-Wood Cemetery: A History from 1838 to 1864 Anderson and Archer (1866)
  • The Ones Who Prepare the Ground for the Last Farewell, New York Times, Corey Killgannon, January 30, 2006
  • The Encyclopedia Of New York City (1995), ed. Kenneth T. Jackson; Green-Wood Cemetery, Edward F. Bergman, pp.509-510
  • Jeffrey I. Richman, "Brooklyn's Green-wood Cemetery: New York's Buried Treasure" (1998)
  • Jeffrey I. Richman, "Final Camping Ground:Civil War Veterans at Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery, In Their Own Words"
  • Alexandra Kathryn Mosca, "Green-Wood Cemetery (Images of America: New York)" (2008)


Archive

The Pierrepont papers deposited at the Brooklyn Historical Societymarker contain material about the organizing of Green-Wood Cemetery.

See also



References

  1. The article presents information concerning the year-round tours led by Steve Baldwin in Brooklyn, New York to the nests of parrots. Baldwin volunteers to lead walking tours to the nests of an extended family of wild Quaker parrots which escaped from a shipping crate at JFK International Airport in the late 1960s.
  2. James, Edward T.; James, Janet Wilson; Boyer, Paul S. "Notable American women, 1607-1950: a biographical dictionary", p. 345, Harvard University Press, 1971. ISBN 0674627342. Accessed June 28, 2009.


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