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The Greene County Court House in Catskill, NY

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Yorkmarker. Its name is in honor of the American Revolutionary War general, Nathanael Greene. Its county seat is Catskillmarker.


On March 25, 1800, Greene County was created by the partitioning of Albany (360 Square Miles) and Ulstermarker (270 Square Miles) Counties, producing a county of .

On April 3, 1801, of land was transferred from Delawaremarker and Ulster Counties, raising the total area to . This transferred Prattsvillemarker, Vly Mountainmarker, Halcott Centermarker, Bushnellsville, Highmount, Shandakenmarker, Lanesville, and Pine Hillmarker within Greene County.

On May 26, 1812, Greene County lost to Ulster County, lowering the total area to , reassigning Pine Hill, Highmount, and Shandaken to Ulster County.

On April 15, 1814, the county borders were re-surveyed, and the line adjusted with no change in area.

On April 17, 1822, the border was again surveyed, with no change in area, but Palenvillemarker was found to be inside Greene County.

On April 23, 1823, the border was again resurveyed, and the Hudson River border with Columbia County realigned accordingly.

On March 3, 1836, of area was lost to Schohariemarker County, reducing the total area to , and reassigning Manorkill, producing the Greene County that exists today..


Greene County is located in southeast central New York State, just west of the Hudson River and south of Albanymarker.

The northern and eastern regions are mostly low-lying plains adjacent to the Hudson; the southern and western areas rise sharply into the Catskill Mountains. The Catskill Park takes up much of the south central region.

The highest elevation is Hunter Mountainmarker, at approximately 4,040 feet (1,232 m) above sea level; the lowest is sea level along the Hudson.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,705 km²), of which, 648 square miles (1,678 km²) of it is land and 10 square miles (27 km²) of it (1.58%) is water.

The entirety of Greene County is in the 20th Congressional District, and is represented by Scott Murphy.

Adjacent counties

National protected area


As of the census of 2000, there were 48,195 people, 18,256 households, and 12,067 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 26,544 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.76% White, 5.53% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.52% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 4.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.8% were of Irish, 17.8% Italian, 17.5% German, 8.6% Americanmarker and 6.9% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.3% spoke English, 2.8% Spanish, 1.5% German and 1.3% Italian as their first language.

There were 18,256 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,493, and the median income for a family was $43,854. Males had a median income of $35,598 versus $25,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,931. About 8.6% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

==> Labels in parentheses are official political designation.

North: Albany and Schohariemarker Counties
West: Delaware Countymarker Greene County East: Columbia Countymarker
South: Ulster Countymarker

Notable residents

See also


External links

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