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The Greenland Sea
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The Greenland Sea is the northernmost part of the North Atlantic Oceanmarker immediately south of the Arctic Oceanmarker. It encompasses some 1,205,000 square km (465,000 square miles). The average depth of the Greenland Sea is close to 1,450 m (4,750 ft). The deepest recorded point of 5600m has been found at Molloy Deep, in the Fram Straitmarker between northeastern Greenland and Svalbard.


Greenland Sea is bounded to the west by the island of Greenlandmarker, and to the south by the Denmark Straitmarker and Icelandmarker. To the southeast, behind the Jan Mayenmarker island lies the vast expanse of the Norwegian Seamarker, of which Greenland Sea may be considered an extension. Across Fram Strait to the northeast the sea is delimited by the Svalbardmarker archipelago.

Ocean currents

This arm of the Arctic Ocean is the ocean's main outlet to the Atlanticmarker. The progressively colder waters of North Atlantic Current sink in the Arctic Ocean, returning south in the form of cold East Greenland Current, an important part of the Atlantic conveyor belt. Due to drifting Arctic ice, the northern part is rarely open to navigation.


The Greenland Sea is densely inhabited by the organisms that form the base of the oceanic food chain. Large invertebrates, fish (such as cod, herring, redfish, halibut, and plaice), birds and mammals (including seals, whales, and dolphins) all feed on the smaller invertebrates and small organisms.


File:Iceberg, Greenland Sea (js)1.jpg|Iceberg in Greenland SeaFile:Greenland Sea at night (js).jpg|Greenland Sea on a summer's night

See also


  1. Abstract; Soltwedel, T., Miljutina, M., Mokievsky, V., Thistle, D., Vopel, K.(2003). The meiobenthos of the Molloy Deep (5600 m), Fram Strait, Arctic Ocean, Vie et milieu-life and environment, 53(1), 1-13.
  2. NASA

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