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Greenwich is a town in the southwest part of Washington Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, United Statesmarker. The town is located on the west border of the county. The population was 4,896 at the 2000 census. Greenwich features several homes that were a part of the famed Underground Railroad. It is part of the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Town of Greenwich contains a village also named Greenwichmarker.

History

The Horicon tribe is believed to be part of the early native population of the town.

Families from New England and the former Dutch colony of New York began settling the area around 1763. Five land patents contributed territory to the town: Saratoga, Kettlehuyn, Cuyler, Campbell, and Argyle. The Town of Greenwich was formed from part of the Town of Argyle in 1803.

In 1809, the community of Whipple City set itself off from the town by incorporating as the Village of Union Village. In 1867, the name was changed to Greenwich.

Greenwich was a very important stop on the Underground Railroad.

The Greenwich and Johnsonville Railroad brought rail service to the area in 1869.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.4 square miles (114.9 km²), of which, 44.0 square miles (114.0 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (0.81%) is water.

It lies within the Cambridge valley region in between the Adirondack Mountains and Green Mountain Range of Vermontmarker.

The west town line is defined by the Hudson River with Saratoga County on the opposite shore.

NY Route 40 is a north-south highway through the center of the town. NY Route 29 is an east-west highway located near the south town line and Batten Kill River. NY-40 and NY-29 join near Middle Falls.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,896 people, 1,927 households, and 1,358 families residing in the town. The population density was 111.3 people per square mile (43.0/km²). There were 2,101 housing units at an average density of 47.7/sq mi (18.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.81% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.

There were 1,927 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,138, and the median income for a family was $47,260. Males had a median income of $34,964 versus $26,629 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,913. About 5.8% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Annual events, local artists, and attractions

Whipple City Festival – Held annually in the center of the village, a week-end long event normally held in mid-June.

Harvest Festival – A fairly new tradition to commemorate the annual harvest.

Communities and locations in the town

Communities and inhabited locations

  • Carters Pond State Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area south of Cossayuna Lake.
  • Cossayuna (earlier "Hog Hollow" and "Lakeville") – A hamlet located south of Cossayuna Lake in the northern part of the town.
  • Bald Mountain – A hamlet in the western part of the town. A former calcium oxide "mining town".
  • Battenville – A hamlet on the south town line located by the Batten Kill.
  • Center Falls – A hamlet (previously known as "Franklin" and as "Hardscrabble" ) east of Greenwich village on NY-29 by the Batten Kill.
  • Clarks Mills – A hamlet in the southwest corner of the town by the Batten Kill.
  • East Greenwich (also called "Slab City") – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town located ny the Batten Kill. It was founded around 1815, when a dam was built.
  • Greenwichmarker – A village at the south town line and Batten Kill. The village is partially in Greenwich and partially in the town of Easton.
  • Middle Falls – A hamlet west of Greenwich village on NY-29.
  • North Greenwich (earlier "Antioch" and "Reid's Corners") – A hamlet near the north town line.
  • Thomson – A hamlet northwest of Clarks Mills, by the Hudson River.


Geographical features

  • Batten Kill – A river that defines the south town line.
  • Cossayuna Lake – A lake on the north town line.
  • McDougall Lake – A small lake south of Cossayuna Lake.
  • Slocum Creek – A small tributary of the Hudson River.


References

External links




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